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Bava Metzia 105

BAVA METZIA 101-105 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.


(a) What does Rava say in a case where the borrower supplements the running losses of the Iska from his own pocket without informing the owner, and then asks the owner to pay half? What can the owner counter if he is asked to pay half?

(b) What gives him the right to refuse?

(c) And what does Rava say in a case where two people enter into a joint Iska with the owner and, after making a profit, one of the two borrowers wants to pull out completely or in part, and the other one wants to carry on for the full duration of the deal?

(d) What is the gist of his argument in a case where the second partner asks ...

  1. ... to divide the profits but to carry on working together with the Iska?
  2. ... to take his share of the profits plus the principle (in which case, his partner will continue with the Iska on his own?
(a) What does the Tana of our Mishnah say in a case where the Mekabel refuses to weed the growing crops, claiming that the owner will receives his due anyway, and that it is himself who will lose out, since the the corn will get spoilt by the weeds? On what grounds can the owner nevertheless object?

(b) Is the Tana speaking here about Kablanus or Chakirus?

(c) In fact, the Mekabel might have presented any one of three arguments to counter the owner's claim.
On what grounds can the owner refute the argument that he intends to ...

  1. ... weed the field before returning it him?
  2. ... buy him crops from the market?
  3. ... clean his portion before giving it to him?
(a) What does the Tana say about a field that yielded very little, and the Mekabel is not interested in tilling it, because it is not worth his while?
How little must the field yield to justify the Mekabel's claim?

(b) Rebbi Yehudah objects, because then there would be no difference between a small field and a large one.
So what is the minimum Shiur according to him?

(c) What is the source of the Tana Kama's ruling?

(a) The Mekabel writes in the Sh'tar that he will plant, plow ... and make a pile from which the owner will take half.
What does he mean when he adds 'va'Ana ba'Amali u've'Nafkus Yadi, Palga'?

(b) How does Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina define 'a pile'?

(c) How did Rebbi Avahu explain Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina, when they asked in Yeshivah what the Din would be if the shovel was stuck into the pile, but its sides could still be seen?

(d) Levi gives the Shiur as three Sa'ah.
What does Rebbi Yanai say?

(e) Resh Lakish seems to follow Rebbi Yanai's opinion.
How does he qualify it?

(a) The Mishnah in Uktzin discusses Paritzei Zeisim va'Anavim.
What are 'Paritzei Zeisim va'Anavim'?

(b) What does Rav Yosef learn from the Pasuk in Daniel "u'Venei Paritzei Amcha Yinas'u Le'ha'amid Chazon ve'Nichshalu", and Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak from the Pasuk in Yechezkel "ve'Holid ben Paritz Shofech Dam"?

(c) Beis Shamai declare Paritzei Zeisim va'Anavim, Tamei.
What do Beis Hillel say?

(d) According to Rebbi Elazar, the olives need to produce as little as four Kabin per beam (in the olive-press) to be termed 'Paritzei Zeisim'.
What does Rebbi Yanai say?

(e) We conclude that Rebbi Elazar and Rebbi Yanai do not argue, because they are referring to different size olive-presses.
If Rebbi Elazar is speaking about an olive-press that holds one sack-full of olives, how many sacks full will the olive- press that Rebbi Yanai is talking about, hold?

Answers to questions



(a) We learned in a Mishnah in Zavin that if a Zav and a Tahor person are climbing a weak tree or a weak branch, the former renders the latter Tamei.
Why is that?

(b) How does ...

  1. ... Rebbi Yanai define a weak tree?
  2. ... Resh Lakish define a weak branch?
(c) Does it make any difference whether the Zav is leaning on the Tahor person or the Tahor person on the Zav?
(a) The Mishnah in Ohalos discusses someone who is riding on the back of a person or an animal walking through a Beis ha'P'ras.
Why did Chazal decree Tum'ah in a Beis ha'P'ras (a field in which a grave was dug up)?

(b) How will stones in the field transmit Tum'ah?

(c) In which case will a stone transmit Tum'ah to the one who is riding on the person or animal's back, even though the former is not actually touching it?

(d) How does de'Bei Rebbi Yanai define ...

  1. ... a weak person?
  2. ... a weak animal?
(a) Why are all these cases being discussed here? What do they and the subsequent ones all have in common?

(b) What does the Tana of the Beraisa say in a case where the time to Daven the Amidah arrives, and someone is carrying a burden on his shoulders of ...

  1. ... less than four Kabin.
  2. ... four Kabin or more?
(c) Another Beraisa forbids someone who is wearing Tefilin to carry a burden on his head if the burden will squash the Tefillin.
What size burden is the Tana referring to, according to Amri de'Bei Rebbi Yanai?

(d) Someone wearing Tefilin who is carrying manure should not move the Tefilin shel Rosh to the side or tie them to his loins (because it is degrading).
Then what is he supposed to do with them?

(e) de'Bei Rebbi Shilo forbid a person wearing Tefilin to even place a Tefilin bag on one's head.
What Shiur does de'Bei Rebbi Shilo forbid, according to Abaye?

(a) Rebbi Yehudah in our Mishnah requires 'K'dei Nefilah' to obligate the Mekabel to continue working on the field. Rebbi Ami Amar Rebbi Yochanan defines this as four Sa'ah of seeds from which one can plant a Beis- Kur of land.
What is a Beis-Kur translated into Amos?

(b) The Chatzer of the Mishkan was two Beis-Sa'ah.
How many square Amos comprise an area of one Beis-Sa'ah?

(c) This is the opinion of Rebbi Ami quoting Rebbi Yochanan.
What does Rebbi Ami himself hold?

(d) That old man told Rav Chamah B'rei de'Rabah bar Avuhah that Rebbi Ami does not dispute the opinion of Rebbi Yochanan.
Then why does he give a different Shiur than him?

(a) What does the Tana Kama in the Mishnah in Pe'ah say in a case where a wind scattered the sheaves around the field, covering the grains that constitute Leket, denying the poor access to them?

(b) Raban Shimon ben Gamliel fixes the Shiur as K'dei Nefilah.
How did Rav Dimi quoting ... Rebbi Elazar or Rebbi Yochanan define 'K'dei Nefilah', when he came from Eretz Yisrael?

(c) Rebbi Yirmiyah asked whether he meant per Kur of produce or per Kur of seeds.
Assuming the second side of the She'eilah, what She'eilah did he ask further?

(d) Why should there be a difference between them?

(a) When Ravin came from Eretz Yisrael, he quoted ... Rebbi Elazar or Rebbi Yochanan as specifically referring to four Kabin per Kur of seeds.

(b) Was he referring to an area that was sown by hand or by oxen?

(c) So what is the outcome of the second She'eilah?

(a) Our Mishnah discusses a field which someone is Mekabel and which is ravaged by locusts or drought.
Under which circumstances does the Tana permit the Mekabel to deduct from the Chakirus? Why is that?

(b) What does Rebbi Yehudah say in a case where the Mekabel pays money rather than crops?

(c) Is the Tana talking about Kablanus or Chakirus?

(d) Rav defines Makas Medinah as where the majority of fields in that valley (others explain the majority of fields belonging to that town) were stricken.
What does Ula say?

(a) The B'nei Eretz Yisrael asked a number of She'eilos based on Ula's explanation.
What did they ask in a case where ...
  1. ... only one furrow all the way round the field in question became stricken?
  2. ... the four fields surrounding it were stricken, but one row immediately surrounding the perimeter of his field was not?
(b) They then asked about a case where four fallow fields divided between the field in question and the four stricken fields, or four fields that were planted with Aspasta, whether this is considered Makas Medinah or not.
What are the two sides of the She'eilah?

(c) What did they assume regarding the case of Aspasta when they then asked 'Zera Acher Mai'? What is the She'eilah?

(a) And what did they finally then ask with regard to two different kinds of plagues?

(b) What is the outcome of these She'eilos?

Answers to questions

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