REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Bava Metzia 100
BAVA METZIA 100 (18 Adar) - Reb Gedalya Weinberger of Brooklyn, N.Y., has
dedicated this Daf in memory of his father, Reb Chaim Tzvi ben Reb Shlomo
Weinberger, on his Yahrzeit. Reb Chaim Tzvi, who miraculously survived the
holocaust, raised his children with a strong dedication to Torah and its
(a) Our Mishnah discusses a case of 'ha'Machlif Parah ba'Chamor ve'Yaldah'.
What is the bone of contention?
(b) Why does the Tana present the case of '*ha'Machlif* Parah ba'Chamor ...
' then follow it with that of '*ha'Mocher* Shifchaso ... '?
(c) In a case where Reuven claims that he purchased the bigger of Shimon's
two Avadim or fields, and the latter counters that he doesn't know which of
the two he sold him, the Tana rules that he receives the bigger one.
does he rule in a case where ...
(d) And what will be the Din if each one claims that he doesn't know?
- ... Shimon claims that he sold Reuven the smaller one, and Reuven counters that he doesn't know?
- ... Reuven claims that he purchased the bigger of Shimon's two Avadim or fields, and the latter counters that he sold him the smaller one?
(a) What problem do we have with the Tana's ruling in the case of
'ha'Machlif Parah ba'Chamor ... '? What ought the Din to be?
Rava proves that Sumchus speaks exclusively by 'Shema ve'Shema' from the
last case in the Mishnah (regarding two Avadim and two fields, where the
Tana concludes) 'Zeh Omer Eini Yode'a ve'Zeh Omer Eini Yode'a, Yachloku'.
According to Rabah bar Rav Huna, now that Sumchus has already taught us (in
the Reisha) 'Yachloku' by 'Bari u'Bari', why does he need to repeat the same
ruling in the Seifa by 'Shema ve'Shema'? Is that not obvious?
(b) How does Rebbi Chiya bar Avin Amar Shmuel therefore establish the case
(c) Why do we not place the cow and the Shifchah on the Chazakah of the
seller (who was the original owner ['Chezkas Marah Kama'])?
- ... 'ha'Machlif Parah ba'Chamor'?
- ... 'ha'Mocher Shifchaso?
Who must be
the author of our Mishnah for us not to do so?
(d) It seems, says Rabah bar Rav Huna, that Sumchus holds 'Cholkin' even
when both parties are sure of their claim.
What does Rava say? How does
he establish the Mishnah?
(a) We learned in our Mishnah 'Zeh Omer Gadol, ve'Zeh Omer Katan, Yishava
ha'Mocher she'Katan Machar'.
What problem does this pose on Rabah bar Rav
(b) How will Rabah bar Rav Huna answer the Kashya? Why would Sumchus concede
to the Chachamim in this case that a Shevu'ah is necessary?
(c) How can this be a case of a Shevu'ah d'Oraysa, seeing as it appears to
be a case of 'Heilech', which does not require a Shevu'ah?
(d) And how about the dual problems of a. the principle 'Ein Nishba'in al
ha'Avadim', and b. 'Ta'ano Chitin ve'Hodeh Lo bi'Se'orin, Patur'?
(a) Initially, Rav answers the Kashya of 'Heilech' (which we just discussed)
by establishing our Mishnah by 'D'mei', when the bone of contention concerns
(not the actual Eved or the field, but) the value.
Answers to questions
What does each one then
(b) Shmuel disagrees.
How does he establish the Mishnah?
(c) Both Rav and Shmuel have also resolved the problem of 'Ein Nishba'in al
Which Kashya remains, according to Shmuel?
(d) How does Rav Papa dispense with the problem?
(a) Rebbi Hoshaya objects to Shmuel's establishing our Mishnah by the
garment of an Eved and sheaves in the field, on the grounds that the Tana is
discussing an Eved, and not his clothes, a filed and not sheaves.
*he* then establish it?
(b) And how do we resolve the problem 'Mah she'Ta'ano Lo Hodeh Lo ... '?
(c) Rav Sheishes refutes Rav Hoshaya's explanation on the grounds that
'Zokekin Asa le'Ashme'inan?'.
What does he mean by that? What does
(a) To resolve the problems of 'Ein Nishba'in al ha'Avadim' and 'Mah
she'Ta'ano, Lo Hodeh ... ', Rav Sheishes himself establishes our Mishnah
like Rebbi Meir and like Raban Gamliel respectively (as we explained
What do Rebbi Meir and Raban Gamliel say?
(b) How does he resolve the problem of 'Heilech' regarding the case of ...
(c) What does the Tana Kama in the Mishnah in Bava Kama rule in a case where
someone stole an animal or an Eved which subsequently grew old?
- ... Eved?
- ... Sadeh?
(d) What does Rebbi Meir say? Why is that?
(a) We reconcile this Mishnah with Rav Sheishes, who just established that
Rebbi Meir holds 'Avdi ki'Metalteli Dami', by citing Rabah bar Avuhah.
does he quote the opinions of Rebbi Meir and the Chachamim in a Beraisa?
(b) Bearing in mind that the Tana of our Mishnah also obligates a Shevu'ah
in the case of Sadeh, what problem still remains?
(c) The Beraisa, largely echoing the Reisha of our Mishnah, discusses the
various computations by 'ha'Machlif Parah ba'Chamor' and 'ha'Mocher
Shifchaso'. In the case of 'Zeh Omer bi'Reshusi, ve'Zeh Omer bi'Reshusi',
Rebbi Meir obligates the seller to swear.
Why specifically the seller?
(a) What do we try to extrapolate from the Chachamim in the previous
Beraisa, who counter Rebbi Meir's S'vara with 'Ein Nishba'in Lo al ha'Avadim
ve'Lo al ha'Karka'os'?
(b) How do we reject this proof? What else might the Rabbanan mean?
(c) In the Mishnah in Shevu'os, Rebbi Meir and the Chachamim argue over a
case where Reuven claims that he sold Shimon ten laden vines, and Shimon
argues that he only sold him five. Rebbi Meir obligates Shimon to pay ('Yesh
Devarim she'Hein ke'Karka, ve'Einan ke'Karka').
What do the Chachamim
(d) How does Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina establish their Machlokes?
(a) What do we prove conclusively from the Mishnah in Shevu'os vis-a-vis the
opinion of Rebbi Meir?
(b) Consequently, in order to accommodate both the case of Avadim and that
of Sados, we reinstate Rebbi Hoshaya's interpretation of our Mishnah, when
the two parties are arguing over the Eved together with his garment and the
field together with the sheaves.
How do we resolve the Kashya that we
asked earlier (that we do not need this Mishnah to teach us 'Zokekin')?
(c) In the Beraisa which echoes our Mishnah, who must be the author of the
statement 'Zeh Omer Eini Yode'a, ve'Zeh Omer Eini Yode'a, Yachloku'?
(d) In that case, how will Rabah bar Rav Huna, who establishes Sumchus even
by 'Bari u'Bari', explain the Seifa 'Zeh Omer bi'Reshusi, ve'Zeh Omer
bi'Reshusi, Yishava ha'Mocher ... '?
(e) Why is this not a case of 'Heilech'?
(a) What does the Tana of our Mishnah rule in a case where someone sells his
olive-trees for firewood, and they produce ...
What does Rebbi Shimon ben Pazi mean when he says 'Chutz min ha'Hotza'ah'?
(b) Who takes the oil if a river sweeps away one's olive-trees and deposits
them in someone else's field, where they subsequently produce olives?
- ... less than a Revi'is (ha'Lug) per Sa'ah? Who takes the oil?
- ... more than a Revi'is per Sa'ah? Why is that?
(c) To whom will the oil belong if the seller stipulated that the purchaser
(d) Then under what circumstances does the Tana of our Mishnah rule that if
the trees produce less than a Revi'is per Sa'ah, the oil goes to the
purchaser, and more, to the seller?
- ... was to remove his trees immediately?
- ... could leave his trees there indefinitely?
What is he referring to?
Answers to questions