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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Bava Metzia 97


(a) What did Rav Papa rule in a case where the bucket that a Sho'el had borrowed, broke?

(b) Rav Ashi did not know what to say in a case where mice ganged up against a borrowed cat and killed it. Rav Mordechai however, cited Avimi from Hagrunya.
To what did he compare the case? What did he mean?

(c) In the second Lashon, the cat died from eating too many mice.
What did Avimi from Hagrunya compare it to this time?

(a) What advice does Rava give ...
  1. ... an astute borrower who wishes to exempt himself from liability?
  2. ... an equally astute lender, to ensure that the borrower remains liable?
(b) Rava issued a statement about a children's Rebbe, a Shasla, a butcher, an Umna (a doctor) and a barber (or a Sofer).
What is ...
  1. ... a Shasla?
  2. ... an Umna?
(c) What does Rava say about all of these? What do they have in common?
(a) What did the Rabbanan of Rava's Beis-Hamedrash mean when they said to Rava that he was 'lent to them'?

(b) How did Rava react to that?

(c) What did he respond?

(d) Do we rule like Rava?

(a) What happened to the mule that Mereimar bar Chanina rented to the Bei Chuza'i?

(b) Why was Rava embarrassed after pronouncing them liable to pay?

(c) What did he subsequently discover that vindicated him?

(d) How do we amend the case to accommodate those who hold 'Peshi'ah be'Ba'alim Chayav'?

(a) What does our Mishnah rule in a case where someone borrows a cow for half a day and rents it for the other half, and it dies, if the owner claims that it died during the period that it was borrowed, and the Shomer claims that he doesn't know? What is the basis of this ruling?

(b) The same will apply if he borrowed the cow for one day and hired it for another, and the owner claims that it died on the day that it was borrowed ... .
What is the third case presented by the Tana?

(c) What does the Tana rule in a case where ...

  1. ... the owner claims that the borrowed cow died, and the Shomer counters that it was the cow that was hired that died?
  2. ... neither knows which one died?
(d) What is the reason for this latter ruling?
Answers to questions



(a) In a case where Reuven claims a Manah from Shimon, and Shimon replies that he doesn't know, Rav Huna and Rav Yehudah obligate him to pay, conforming with the first set of cases of our Mishnah.
What do Rav Nachman and Rebbi Yochanan say?

(b) If Rav Huna and Rav Yehudah's ruling is based on the principle 'Bari ve'Shema, Bari Adif (as we explained earlier), what is the basis of Rav Nachman and Rebbi Yochanan' ruling?

(c) To reconcile the latter pair with our Mishnah, we cite another ruling of Rav Nachman.
What does Rav Nachman mean when he refers to a case of 'Eisek Shevu'ah'? What exactly happened there (in the case of Manah Li be'Yadcha)?

(d) On which principle is 'Eisek Shevu'ah' based?

Answers to questions

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