REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Bava Metzia 79
BAVA METZIA 76-79 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the
Dafyomi publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal
(a) What does Rabah bar Rav Huna Amar Rav rule in a case where someone hired
a donkey to transport him to a certain town, and the donkey died halfway?
(b) Assuming that donkeys are easy to hire there, then there is no reason to
What problem do we have with Rav's ruling if they are not?
(c) Then why *does* he have to pay?
(a) In the previous case, how do we know that the hirer must have hired
'Chamor Zeh' (and not 'Chamor S'tam')?
(b) Then why does the hirer not sell the carcass, and use the proceeds ...
(c) What would Shmuel say?
- ... to purchase another donkey?
- ... to hire another donkey?
(d) How will Rav then interpret our Mishnah, which rules 'Meisah, Chayav
Le'ha'amid Lo Chamor'?
(a) We learned in a Beraisa that if the tree that the debtor gave the
creditor as a Mashkanta de'Sura (which cancels the debt when it is returned
at the end of the fixed term) dried up or was cut down before the due date,
neither Reuven nor Shimon is permitted to benefit from the wood.
do they do with it?
(b) What makes this a case of 'Kalya Karna'?
(c) We reconcile this with Rav, who just said that Reuven is forbidden to
use up the Keren of something that is Meshubad to him, by citing Rav Chisda
Amar Rav Ketina. What did he say about a field that is sold for sixty
years? What is his source?
(d) We use Rav Ketina's ruling to solve our problem, by establishing the
Beraisa too, when they purchased the small plot for sixty years, so that
Yovel will not cancel the sale.
On what grounds do we refute this
explanation? Why in fact, will it not solve our problem at all?
(a) So how do we finally circumvent the problem? How do we establish the
Beraisa in a way that Yovel will not cancel the sale of the plot of land?
(b) And how do we ...
- ... try to prove this from the basic ruling in the Beraisa? Whose opinion is it coming to prove?
- ... refute this proof (so as not to remain with a Kashya on Shmuel)?
(a) What does Rebbi Nasan in a Beraisa rule concerning someone who hired a
boat, which sunk halfway to its destination?
Answers to questions
(b) Why can the Tana not be speaking by ...
(c) So how does Rav Papa establish Rebbi Nasan speak?
- ... 'Sefinah Zu ve'Yayin S'tam'?
- ... 'Sefinah S'tam ve'Yayin Zu'?
(d) And what will be the Din in the case of 'Sefinah S'tam ve'Yayin S'tam'?
(a) What does the Beraisa say about someone who hires a boat and decides to
unload it halfway to his destination?
(b) Why can the Tana not be speaking when the owner is unable to find
someone to replace the first hirer?
(c) How do we try to resolve the problem, that if he *was* able to find a
replacement, then what complaints could he possibly have?
(d) How do we refute that suggestion?
(a) If the Tana is not talking about the hirer unloading the boat halfway,
what *is* he talking about?
(b) He might be complaining about the fact that the hirer changed from his
So what if he did?
(c) What alternative complaint might he have?
(a) The Beraisa rules that someone who hires a donkey is permitted to place
his cloak, his water-flask and food for the entire journey on its back.
What about the donkey-driver (the owner)? What is he permitted to do?
(b) Why can the Tana not be speaking in a case when stocks are difficult to
come by along the way?
(c) Since he is then speaking when it is readily available, why is the hirer
permitted to place food for the entire journey, whereas the donkey-driver is
(a) What does the Tana say about someone who hires a donkey ...
Answers to questions
(b) If the donkey was hired for a woman, does it make any difference whether
the woman is ...
- ... for a man to ride on?
- ... for a woman to ride on?
(c) How does Rav Papa explain the fact that having informed us about a woman
with a feeding baby, the Tana needed to add a pregnant woman?
- ... large or small?
- ... pregnant or with a feeding baby?
(d) What interesting observation does Abaye make from here with regard to
buying a fish?