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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Bava Metzia 75


(a) The Tana of our Mishnah forbids borrowing a Kur of wheat to be repaid at the end of the season, if the owner does not have any wheat.
What does he nevertheless permit? Why is that?

(b) Under what circumstances does Hillel, in the Seifa, permit a woman to lend her friend a loaf of bread? Why is that?

(c) With reference to the Reisha of our Mishnah, Rav Huna permits someone who has one Sa'ah of wheat to borrow one Sa'ah of wheat; two Sa'ah, two Sa'ah. What does Rebbi Yitzchak say? Why is that?

(d) Rebbi Chiya cites a Beraisa 'Tipas Yayin Ein Lo, Tipas Shemen Ein Lo' (explaining the reasoning behind the prohibition in the Mishnah).
What does this imply? Whose opinion does it prove?

(a) We already cited Hillel, who permits a woman to lend her friend a loaf of bread - only after converting the loan from wheat into money (because of the possibility of Ribis).
What do the Chachamim say (in a Beraisa)?

(b) Like whom is the Halachah?

(a) According to Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel, a group of people who are fussy with each other, are bound to transgress 'Midah, Mishkal and Minyan'.
What does he mean by that?

(b) Which other Rabbinical decree will they inevitably contravene?

(c) And which additional sin will they be able to add to their list of achievements, according to Hillel?

(a) At the other end of the scale, what concession does Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel allow Talmidei-Chachamim? Why is that?

(b) Almost as if to prove his point, what did Shmuel say to Avuhah bar Ihi?

(c) What did Shmuel mean when he said 've'Arich'?

(d) On what grounds do we repudiate Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel's statement, permitting a person to lend his family on interest, to teach them what a terrible thing it is to have to pay interest)?

Answers to questions



(a) Our Mishnah permits Reuven to say to Shimon 'Weed with me today, and I will weed with you tomorrow', or 'Dig with me today and I will dig with you tomorrow'.
What is he not allowed to say?

(b) The Tana says 'All the days of G'rid are considered as one and all the days of the Revi'ah are considered as one'.
What are the days of ...

  1. ... 'G'rid'?
  2. ... 'Revi'ah'?
(c) What does the Tana mean by this statement?

(d) What may Reuven subsequently not say to Shimon in this regard?

(a) Raban Gamliel introduces the concept of Ribis Mukdemes and Ribis Me'ucheres, and Rebbi Shimon, that of Ribis Devarim.
What is ...
  1. ... Ribis Mukdemes?
  2. ... Ribis Me'ucheres?
  3. ... Ribis Devarim?
(b) From where does Rebbi Shimon in a Beraisa learn Ribis Devarim?

(c) The Tana Kama lists those who transgress the various La'avin connected with Ribis.
Which two other people does he add to the creditor and the debtor?

(d) And who do the Chachamim add to his list?

(a) How many La'avin does our Mishnah list all in all?

(b) If the Creditor transgresses all five La'avin, which two La'avin does the debtor transgress as well?

(c) How does the creditor transgress "Lo Sashich"?

(d) And which La'av do the guarantor and the witnesses transgress?

(a) What does Rebbi Shimon mean when he says that those who lend on interest lose more than they gain?

(b) What else does he have to say about them? What does he quote them as saying?

(a) What does Rav Dimi learn from the Pasuk "Lo Sih'yeh Lo ke'Nosheh"? What may a creditor not do?

(b) And what do Rebbi Ami and Rebbi Asi learn from the Pasuk in Tehilim "Hirkavta Enosh le'Rosheinu, Ba'nu ba'Eish u'va'Mayim"? What does "le'Rosheinu" refer to?

(c) What does Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel say about someone who lends money without witnesses in attendance?

(d) And what does Resh Lakish learn in this regard from the Pasuk in Tehilim "Te'alamnah Sifsei Sheker ha'Dovros al Tzadik Asak"?

(a) What praiseworthy characteristic did the people attribute to Ravina?

(b) How did Rav Ashi put him to the test one Erev Shabbos late afternoon?

(c) How did Ravina respond to Rav Ashi's request?

(d) What did Ravina reply when Rav Ashi asked him whether it was really necessary to look for witnesses even though *he*, Rav Ashi, was the other party?

(a) A creditor who lends money without witnesses in attendance is one of the three people who cry out to Hashem in vain when they are in trouble. The second one is someone who acquires a master for himself.
What is the third?

(b) One interpretation of 'Koneh Adon le'Atzmo' is someone who (in order to avoid becoming known as a rich man) claims that his money really belongs to P'loni Nochri.
Why might he later need to cry out to Hashem?

(c) What is an alternative explanation (also to do with finances)?

(d) What is the third explanation of 'Koneh Adon le'Atzmo'?

***** Hadran Alach Eizehu Neshech *****

***** Perek ha'Socher es ha'Umnin *****


(a) What does the Mishnah say about workers who tricked each other?

(b) The Tana also rules that if someone hired a wagon-driver or a potter to bring Chupah-poles for a wedding or flutes for a funeral dirge, and the worker left him in the lurch, 'Socher Aleihen O Mata'an'.
What does 'Socher Aleihen' mean?

(c) When do we apply the ruling 'Socher Aleihen O Mata'an'?

(d) Which third example of loss does the Tana add to the wagon-driver and the potter?

(a) The Tana rules that a contractor who retracts from a contract has the under hand.
What are the two connotations of this ruling?

(b) And what are the connotations of the ruling that if the hirer retracts, then *he* has the under hand?

(c) The Mishnah concludes with two principles. One of them is 'Kol ha'Meshaneh, Yado al ha'Tachtonah'.
What is the other?

(d) What does 'Kol ha'Meshaneh, Yado al ha'Tachtonah' refer to?

(e) What does 'Yado al ha'Tachtonah' in this context mean?

Answers to questions

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