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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Bava Metzia 73

BAVA METZIA 71-74 - Mrs. Estanne Abraham-Fawer has dedicated two weeks of Dafyomi study material to honor the second Yahrzeit of her father, Reb Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Weiner, who passed away 18 Teves 5761). May the merit of supporting and advancing the study of the Talmud be l'Iluy Nishmaso.


(a) In the case cited in the Beraisa, what did Reuven ask Shimon, when he met him transporting goods from a cheap place to a place where they were more expensive?

(b) This is permitted only on condition that the seller takes responsibility for anything that happens to the goods for the duration of the journey.
Why is that?

(c) And what did Reuven ask Shimon in the Seifa, when he met him transporting fruit from a cheap place to a more expensive one?

(d) Under which circumstances is this permitted? Why is that?

(a) What does the Tana mean when he concludes 've'ha'Chamarim Ma'alim be'Makom ha'Yoker ke'be'Makom ha'Zol'?

(b) According to Rav Papa, this does not constitute Ribis, because the merchants benefit from the rich Balabatim's money, inasmuch as it helps to establish them as merchants.
What does Rav Acha B'rei de'Rav Ika say?

(c) What are the ramifications of this Machlokes? In which case will Rav Acha B'rei de'Rav Ika's reason not apply?

(a) In a case where wheat went in Sura for four measures per Zuz, and in Kafri, at six, Rav gave the donkey-drivers money, and then, in addition to taking upon himself the Achrayus of the journey, he only took five measures per Zuz.
What problem do we have this?

(b) How do we explain Rav? Why did he not take six measures per Zuz?

(c) On what grounds do we think that the concession of the previous Halachah might not apply to merchants who wish to sell lumps of gold or other metal vessels?

(d) Rebbi and Rebbi Yishmael b'Rebbi Yossi were close friends.
What happened when one of them attempted to apply the concession to linen garments?

(a) Rav adopts a stringent view with regard to Pardeisa.
What is the case of 'Pardeisa'?

(b) On what grounds does Shmuel disagree with him?

(c) What does Rav Shimi bar Ashi mean when he says that Rav will agree with Shmuel when there are oxen?

(d) Why is that?

(a) Who were 'Hanahu de'Shivshei Shivsha'?

(b) Why did Shmuel instruct them to dig the land?

(c) What was the problem of Ribis regarding the men who were hired to guard the valleys?

(d) To get round the problem, Rava instructed them to help the harvesters a little with the threshing at the end of the season.
How would that help?

(a) What did Rava do that led the Rabbanan to accuse him of taking Ribis?

(b) How did Rava vindicate himself?

(c) What does 'Ar'a la'Arisa Mishtabed' mean?

Answers to questions



(a) Who was Rav Mari bar Rachel? Why was he called after his mother?

(b) What did his Nochri debtor do with the house that he had given him as a Mashkon?

(c) Why did Rav Mari only bring Rava the rental for the second year and not the first?

(d) What was Rava's response to Rav Mari's offer (after informing Rav Mari that, had he known that the Nochri had given him the land as a Mashkon, he would not have bought it)? Why did he refuse to take any rental from him?

(a) On what grounds did Rava from Barnish accuse the Rabbanan of taking Ribis? How did they used to purchase wine?

(b) In what way does this differ from what we learned earlier, that if the seller has wheat, then it is permitted? Here too, the sellers had wine?

(c) How did Rav Ashi vindicate them?

(a) Ravina gave money to sellers from Akra on the River Shinvasa for wine to be supplied later in the harvest season.
What did Rav Ashi reply, when Ravina asked him whether he was permitted to take the little extra that they poured him?

(b) He also queried the validity of the entire sale, seeing as the land which contained the vineyards did not belong to them.
What did he mean by that?

(c) What did Rav Ashi reply to that?

(a) What complaint did Rav Papa bring before Rava about the Rabbanan? What did they do after paying the head-tax of people who for some reason, had not paid it themselves?

(b) What did Rava reply?

(c) What did Rav Se'oram, Rava's brother, used to do with the not nice people that he found?

(d) Rava vindicated his actions.
What did Rava Darshen from the Pasuk in Behar ...

... "Le'olam Bahem Ta'avodu u've'Acheichem ... "? ... "u've'Acheichem Beis Yisrael Ish be'Achiv Lo Sirdeh Bo be'Farech"?
(a) What did Rav Acha say about Reuven who accepted money from Shimon with which he undertook to purchase wine on his behalf, if he failed to keep his word? What is 'Parvasa de'Zulshefat'?

(b) On what grounds did Rav Z'vid from Neherda'a make a distinction between Yayin S'tam and Yayin Zeh?

(c) Rav Ashi disagrees with Rav Chama's ruling even with regard to Yayin S'tam.
Why is that?

(d) How do we reconcile this with the Mishnah later in Perek ha'Mekabel, which rules that a Mekabel who declares that if he fails to work the field that he received, he will compensate the owner with the best of his lands, is bound by his words (since his promise did not constitute an exaggeration, as is our case)?

Answers to questions

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