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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Bava Metzia 70


(a) What objection did Rav Nachman raise when Rav Anan quoted Shmuel as saying that one may lend the money of Yesomim on interest?

(b) What did he predict would happen to the Yesomim if this concession was followed through?

(c) How did Rav Nachman ascertain what Shmuel really said?

(d) What did Rav Anan tell him? What did Shmuel do with the cauldron belonging to Mar Ukva's Yesomim?

(a) What caused Rav Anan to think that this was Ribis?

(b) How did Rav Nachman enlighten him? Why was it not Ribis?

(c) Was this leniency then restricted to Yesomim?

(a) What is Rav Chisda (or Rav Sheishes) quoted as saying with regard entering into an Iska with the money belonging to Yesomim that is Karov li'S'char ve'Rachok me'Hefsed? What does Karov 'li'S'char ve'Rachok me'Hefsed' mean?

(b) On what grounds is this permitted?

(c) How does the Beraisa describe someone who enters into an Iska with a Mekabel ...

  1. ... 'Karov li'S'char ve'Rachok me'Hefsed'?
  2. ... 'Karov le'Hefsed ve'Rachok mi'Schar'?
  3. ... 'Karov la'Zeh ve'la'Zeh', or 'Rachok mi'Zeh u'mi'Zeh'?
(a) What is Rabah's objection to Rav Yosef's suggestion, to place the money of Yesomim in Beis-Din and to feed it to them Zuz by Zuz, as the need arises?

(b) So what does Rabah suggest?

(c) Why does he insist on scraps of gold (as opposed to minted coins)?

(d) What problem do we have with Rabah's suggestion?

(a) Rav Ashi therefore concludes that we find a man who is both reliable, and whose property is stable.
Which two other qualifications does he prescribe?

(b) And why must the appointment take place in front of Beis-Din?

Answers to questions



(a) We have already discussed our Mishnah 'Ein Mekablin Tzon Barzel mi'Yisrael ... ' (cited earlier in the name of a Beraisa).
Why would the Mishnah 'Ein Moshivin Chenvani le'Mechtzis S'char' that we learned above obviate the need to learn this Mishnah?

(b) Then why does the Tana find it necessary to do so?

(c) Does the Isur of giving Ribis to and receiving Ribis from, pertain to ...

  1. ... a Nochri?
  2. ... a Ger Toshav? What is a Ger Toshav?
(a) What does the Beraisa say about the obligation vis-a-vis Bechor regarding the babies that are born to an animal of Tzon Barzel that a Jew is Mekabel from a Nochri?

(b) What exactly do we mean by when we say that 'they are not subject to the Dinim of Bechor'?

(c) What would be the Din regarding the mother that a Jew was Mekabel from a Nochri?

(d) According to this Beraisa, who would appear to be the real owner of Tzon Barzel?

(a) How does Abaye resolve the apparent discrepancy with our Mishnah (which considers the Mekabel to be the real owner)?

(b) What problem do we have with Abaye's answer?

(c) How does Rava therefore resolve the discrepancy? If the Mekabel from a Nochri did accept Unsa ve'Zula, why is the mother and its offspring Patur from the Bechorah?

(d) What makes the Nochri a part owner in this case?

(a) The Pasuk in Mishlei, with reference to someone who enriches himself through Ribis, writes "le'Chonen Dalim Yikbetzenu".
Who ...
  1. ... is the "Chonen Dalim"?
  2. ... are the "Dalim"?
(b) Rav Nachman quoting Rav Huna, does not interpret the Pasuk in Mishlei with regard to one Jew who lends to another.
How then, does he interpret it?

(c) What did Rava ask Rav Nachman from the Pasuk in Ki Seitzei "la'Nochri Sashich"?

(d) Why does he decline to learn the Pasuk literally (with regard to giving the Nochri interest)?

(a) What did Rav Nachman reply? How did he interpret the Pasuk literally?

(b) Why indeed *does* the Torah insert such a strange La'av?

(c) Why do we need the additional inference, seeing as the Torah has already written "u'le'Achicha Lo Sashich"?

(a) Our Mishnah explicitly permits lending to and borrowing from a Nochri on interest.
To reconcile Rav Huna with our Mishnah, how does ...
  1. ... Rav Chiya B'rei de'Rav Huna establish our Mishnah?
  2. ... Ravina establish it? To whom does the Tana's concession apply?
(b) Why did the Rabbanan issue a prohibition to take Ribis from a Nochri ...
  1. ... according to Rav Chiya B'rei de'Rav Huna?
  2. ... according to Ravina?
(c) Did the Rabbanan also place a prohibition on borrowing from a Nochri on interest?
Answers to questions

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