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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Bava Metzia 66


(a) Why did that Shechiv-Mera write his wife a Get?

(b) His wife found him sighing and moaning.
Why was that?

(c) What did she then comment?

(a) What did Rav Z'vid rule with regard to her comment?

(b) This implies that, had she meant it seriously, the Get would have been negated.
What problem did Rav Acha mi'Difti have with this?

(c) What did Ravina reply?

(a) We learned in our Mishnah that if Reuven lends Shimon money against his field, and stipulates that, should he fail to pay within three years, the field will become his, his condition is valid.
What did Bitus ben Zonin used to do?

(b) What distinction does Rav Huna draw between whether Reuven makes the stipulation at the time that he lends him the money and or whether he made it afterwards?

(c) What does Rav Nachman say?

(a) What did Rav Yehudah do in the house of the Resh Galusa when Rav Nachman followed his own ruling and granted the creditor the field based on a stipulation that he made after the loan?

(b) How did Rav Nachman react when the Resh Galusa informed him what Rav Yehudah had done, according to ...

  1. ... the first Lashon?
  2. ... the second Lashon?
(a) Later, Rav Nachman retracted, and ruled that even if the purchaser had made the stipulation at the time of the loan, he would not have acquired the field.
Why not?

(b) When Rava queried him from our Mishnah, which seems to hold 'Asmachta Kanya', he answered that he too, agreed with that, but that he had been quoting Minyumi. Minyumi reconciles his own opinion with our Mishnah by establishing it like Rebbi Yossi.
What does Rebbi Yossi say?

(c) What is his alternative answer? How might Minyumi establish the Mishnah even like the Rabbanan?

(d) According to Rebbi Yehudah (who holds 'Tzad Echad be'Ribis, Mutar'), the purchaser was permitted to eat the fruit.
What will the Rabbanan say?

Answers to questions



(a) What were the names of Rav Chisda's two sons?

(b) On what grounds did Rav Ashi query their statement 'Hai Asmachta bi'Zemanei Kani, be'Lo Z'mano, Lo Kani'.
What did he think they meant?

(c) So how did he reinterpret their statement?

(d) Why is that? On what grounds would we take the debtor more seriously before the time of payment arrives than afterwards?

(e) What does Rav Ashi himself hold? Why might the debtor not be serious even before the time of payment (even though the creditor cannot claim from him yet)?

(a) In a case where the creditor asks the debtor for his money on the final day and the debtor tells the creditor to keep the Mashkon, what distinction does Rav Papa make between whether he finds him drinking beer or searching for the money to repay his loan?

(b) Rav Acha mi'Difti disagrees with Rav Papa for one of two reasons, one of them, because maybe he is drinking to drown his sorrows.
On which Pasuk is this based?

(c) What is the second reason?

(d) Ravina maintains that if the debtor is particular to sell his property at the correct price (and not cheaper), then he must be serious about the creditor keeping the Mashkon.
On what grounds does Rav Acha mi'Difti disagree with Ravina, too?

(a) How does Rav Papa finally conclude? In which case will Mechilah of the Mashkon not constitute Asmachta?

(b) What else does Rav Papa say about a Mashkon which the creditor does not acquire due to 'Asmachta'?

(c) Rav Huna B'rei de'Rav Nasan queries Rav Papa however, on the grounds that the debtor did not say 'K'ni le'Guvaina' (so how can we establish such a ruling against the wishes of the debtor?).
On what grounds does Mar Zutra B'rei de'Rav Mari object even to the implication of Rav Huna B'rei de'Rav Nasan's Kashya? What *does* it imply?

(d) So how do we finally establish Rav Papa? How does the Din of Apotiki fit into our Mishnah?

(a) What did Reuven reply, when Shimon, to whom Reuven had sold him a field with Acharayus, asked for an assurance that should claimants take the field, Reuven would compensate him from his Idei Idis?

(b) Eventually, claimants did take the field.
What happened before Shimon had a chance to claim Reuven's Idis?

(c) On what grounds did Rav Acha mi'Difta object to Ravina, when Rav Papa thought to grant Shimon the right to claim Reuven's remaining Idis?

(a) What did Rav Papa think when Rav bar Sh'va stipulated that in the event that he failed to pay Rav Kahana his debt until a given date, he would be able to claim from his stock of wine? What was subsequently the problem?

(b) Rav Huna B'rei de'Rav Yehoshua however, objected, on the basis of a statement of Rabah.
What did Rabah say?

(c) Based on the ruling 'Asmachta Lo Kanya', what does Rav Nachman rule in the case in our Mishnah with regard to ...

  1. ... the field (which the creditor claimed after three years, even though the debtor had not stipulated that it would be his retroactively)?
  2. ... the fruit?
(d) What do we extrapolate from here regarding the Din of 'Mechilah be'Ta'us'? What is 'Mechilah be'Ta'us'?
(a) Rav Huna rules that if Reuven sells Shimon the fruit of a date-palm he can retract from the sale as long as the fruit has not yet begun to ripen. Assuming that he holds 'Adam Makneh Davar she'Lo Ba le'Olam' (which explains why he cannot retract once the fruit has ripened), what is the reason for this?

(b) What does Rav Nachman say?

(c) And what does Rav Nachman say in a case where the purchaser actually picked the fruit and ate it, if the seller subsequently retracts?

(a) How do we reconcile Rav Huna B'rei de'Rav Yehoshua, who holds Mechilah be'Ta'us Lo Havya Mechilah', with Rav Nachman?

(b) What is the basis of this distinction? When *did* the Chachamim rescind the Mechilah, and when did they not?

Answers to questions

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