(Permission is granted to print and redistribute this material
as long as this header and the footer at the end are included.)


prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

Previous daf

Bava Metzia 61

BAVA METZIA 61,63,64,65 - Mrs. Estanne Abraham-Fawer has dedicated two weeks of Dafyomi study material to honor the second Yahrzeit of her father, Reb Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Weiner, who passed away 18 Teves 5761). May the merit of supporting and advancing the study of the Talmud be l'Iluy Nishmaso.


(a) From where does the Tana finally learn that the La'av of Ribis pertains to money regarding to the creditor too (since this is now the only remaining case not to emerge directly from the Pesukim)?

(b) And what do we learn from "Ribis Kol Davar Asher Yishach"?

(a) Ravina disagrees with the previous D'rashah. According to him, all computations are written explicitly in the Pasuk by the creditor too. How does he Darshen the Pasuk in Behar "es Kaspecha Lo Siten Lo be'Neshech u've'Marbis Lo Siten Ochlecha"?

(b) What pushes him to learn that way?

(c) But how can Ravina argue with a Beraisa? According to him, why does the Tana cite the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Neshech" "Neshech"?

(d) What *does * the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' come to teach us?

(a) Rava discusses the three La'avin that concern depriving someone of his money.
What are they?

(b) Why would it not have sufficed for the Torah to write just one of them?
Why could we not learn the other two ...

  1. ... from Ribis?
  2. ... from Gezel?
  3. ... from Ona'ah?
(c) Then why could the Torah not at least have dispensed with one of them?
Why could we not learn ...
  1. ... Ribis from Gezel and Ona'ah?
  2. ... Ona'ah from Ribis and Gezel?
(a) We conclude that we could in fact, learn Gezel from Ribis and Ona'ah. Then why did the Torah find it necessary to write "Lo Sa'ashok es Re'acha *ve'Lo Sigzol"?

(b) How do we know that the Pasuk comes to teach us that? Perhaps "Lo Sigzol" comes to add a La'av to Ribis or Ona'ah?

(c) And why does the Torah need to write the Pasuk in Kedoshim "Lo Tignovu"?
Why can we not learn the La'av of Geneivah too, from Ribis and Ona'ah?

Answers to questions



(a) Why do we not ask the same Kashya that we just asked on "Lo Tignovu", on "Lo Tignov" in the Aseres ha'Dibros (why we cannot learn it from Ribis and Ona'ah)?

(b) We do however, go on to ask why the Torah needs to write a La'av by weights and measures.
What do we initially attempt to answer?

(c) How do we then establish the La'av after pointing out that dipping one's weights in salt is pure theft?

(d) The Torah writes in Kedoshim "Lo Sa'asu Avel ba'Midah, ba'Mishkal u'va'Mesurah". We just ascertained the significance of "ba'Mishkal".
How does the Tana interpret ...

  1. ... "ba'Midah"?
  2. ... 'ba'Mesurah"?
(a) What fraction of a Lug is 'Mesurah'?

(b) What 'Kal va'Chomer' do we therefore derive from it?

(a) Rava comments that the Torah mentions Yetzi'as Mitzrayim in three places, two of them, Ribis and Tzitzis.
What is the third?

(b) Yetzi'as Mitzrayim has the same connotation with regard to all three La'avin.
What is it?

(c) What is now the connection to ...

  1. ... Ribis?
  2. ... Tzitzis?
  3. ... Mishkolos?
(a) Rav Chanina from Sura di'P'ras asked Ravina why the Torah mentions Yetzi'as Mitzrayim in connection with Sheratzim.
What did he answer?

(b) Rav Chanina however, explained that this was not what bothered him.
What did?

(c) Ravina resolved his problem by citing Tana de'Bei de'Rebbi Yishmael.
What does he say?

(d) Does this mean that someone who desists from eating Sheratzim receives a greater reward than someone who desists from contravening the three previous La'avin?

(a) We learned in our Mishnah "ve'Eizehu Tarbis, ha'Marbeh be'Peiros ... '. Does this mean that the Reisha (the case of Neshech) is not Ribis?

(b) What does Rebbi Avahu mean, when he added 'Ad Ka'an Yachin Rasha ve'Yilbash Tzadik'?

(c) Does this come to preclude the Seifa (Ribis de'Rabbanan)?

(d) How does Rebbi Avahu go on to describe ...

  1. ... Ribis d'Oraysa?
  2. ... Ribis de'Rabbanan?
(a) What Halachic distinction does Rebbi Elazar make between Ribis Ketzutzah and Ribis de'Rabbanan?

(b) What does Rebbi Yochanan say?

(c) Various Amora'im extrapolate Rebbi Yochanan's ruling from different Pesukim.
How does ...

  1. ... Rebbi Yitzchak learn it from the Pasuk in Yechezkel "be'Neshech Nasan ... ve'Chai Lo Yichyeh ... "?
  2. ... Rav Ada bar Ahavah from the Pasuk in Behar "Al Tikach me'Ito Neshech ve'Sarbis, ve'Yareisa me'Elokecha ... "?
  3. ... Rava learn it directly from the Pasuk in Yechezkel, which continues "Mos Yumas, Damav Bo Yih'yeh"? To whom is the Pasuk comparing someone who lends on interest?
(d) How does Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak extrapolate Rebbi Elazar's opinion from the end of the Pasuk of Ribis in Behar "ve'Chei Achicha Imach"?
Answers to questions

Next daf


For further information on
subscriptions, archives and sponsorships,
contact Kollel Iyun Hadaf,