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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Bava Metzia 59

BAVA METZIA 59 (7 Shevat) - dedicated by Danny & Ramona Schwartz, l'Iluy Nishmat Yochanan Shabsai ben Yair, Z"L, whose Yahrzeit is 7 Shevat.


(a) Rava exprapolated the following incident from the Pasuk in Tehilim "u've'Sal'i Samchu ve'Ne'esfu Kar'u ve'Lo Damu".
How did the Torah-scholars tease David ha'Melech? What were they learning at the time?

(b) What was David's reply?

(c) On what grounds was David's sin only considered a *Safek* Eishes Ish?

(d) What principle did Rabah bar bar Chanah formulate based on this same Pasuk and incident?

(a) Rav (or Rebbi Shimon Chasida or Rebbi Shimon bar Yochai) is quoted as saying that it is better to be thrown into a burning furnace than to shame a fellow-Jew.
From whom did he learn this? What happened there?

(b) What did Rav Chinena B'rei de'Rav Idi Darshen from the Pasuk "ve'Lo Sonu Ish es *Amiso*"? Bearing in mind that by Ona'as Mamon the Torah writes "mi'Yad *Achiv*", by whom does the former La'av not apply, whereas the latter one does (see Agados Maharsha)?

(c) About whom does Rav warn us to take particular care not to contravene the La'av of Ona'as Devarim?

(a) What does Rebbi Elazar learn from the Pasuk ...
  1. ... in Eichah "Gam Ki Ez'ak va'Ashave'a, Sasam Tefilasi"?
  2. ... Shim'ah Tefilasi Hashem ... el Dam's Al Techerash"?
(b) How does he infer this from there (see also Tosfos)?

(c) What caused Ach'av to become the Rasha that he did?

(d) What does Rav subsequently say about someone who follows the (negative) advice of his wife?

(a) Rav Papa queried Rav however, from the adage 'It'sach Gutza, Gachin ve'Tilchash Lah'! What does this mean?

(b) There are two versions of Abaye's reply. One makes a distinction between worldly matters (where one should not follow [and certainly not when it comes to spiritual ones]) and matters to do with the home (where one should).
What is the second version?

(c) We learned above that nowadays, the gates of Tefilah are closed.
What does Rav Chisda learn from the Pasuk in Amos "Hinei Hashem Nitzav al Chomas Anach, u've'Yado Anach"?

(d) What does Rebbi Elazar infer further from "u've'Yado Anach"?

(a) In view of the natural Mechitzah (division) that exists between Hashem's Throne and the angels (see Agados Maharsha), what does Rebbi Avahu learn from the Pasuk ...
  1. ... "u've'Yado Anach"?
  2. ... in Yirmiyah "Chamas va'Shod Yishama Bah al Panai Tamid"?
  3. ... in Yeshayah "ha'Am ha'Mach'isim Osi al Panai Tamid"?
(b) What does Rav Yehudah extrapolate from the Pasuk in Tehilim "ha'Sam Gevulech Shalom, Chelev Chitim Yasbi'ech"?

(c) Rav Papa cites an adage in this regard 'ke'Mishlam Sa'ari mi'Kada, Nakish ve'Asa Tigra be'Veisa'.
What does this mean?

(d) And what does Rav Chinena bar Papa learn from the Pasuk in Shoftim "ve'Hayah Im Zara Yisrael ... Va'yachanu ... Va'yidal Yisrael Me'od Mipnei Midyan"?

(a) What does Rebbi Chelbo learn from the Pasuk in Lech-Lecha (in connection with Par'oh) "u'le'Avram Heitiv Ba'avurah ... "?

(b) And in the same context, what did Rava instruct the people of Mechuza to do?

Answers to questions



(a) What was Tanur shel Achna'i?

(b) Why was it called by that name?

(c) On what basis did Rebbi Eliezer declare it Tahor (see Tosfos)?

(d) What do a carob-tree, a stream of water and the walls of the Beis ha'Medrash have to do with this episode?

(a) How did Rebbi Yehoshua respond ...
  1. ... in each of the above three cases?
  2. ... when a Bas Kol announced that the Halachah is like Rebbi Eliezer everywhere?
(b) What happened to the walls of the Beis ha'Medrash?

(c) What did Eliyahu ha'Navi reply when Rebbi Nasan asked him for Hashem's reaction at the time?

(d) What two things did the Chachamim do on that very day?

(a) Why were the Chachamim concerned as to who would inform Rebbi Eliezer of their decision?

(b) How did Rebbi Akiva, who volunteered to go, demonstrate his pain at his Rebbe's predicament?

(c) When Rebbi Eliezer asked him why that day was different than other days ...

  1. ... what did he reply?
  2. ... what three things did Rebbi Eliezer subsequently do?
(d) When Rebbi Eliezer began to cry, which three commodities were partially stricken throughout the world?

(e) What do others add to the list?

(a) What was the 'Ach (or 'Af) Gadol' that struck on that day in the vicinity of Rebbi Eliezer?

(b) Even Raban Gamliel was almost drowned by a storm at sea, until he stood up and Davened.
Why Raban Gamliel? What did he say that caused the storm to abate?

(c) How did Eima Shalom save Raban Gamliel from death for an extended period of time? Who was Eima Shalom?

(a) She knew that Raban Gamliel had died when one day, on the understanding that it was a short month, and that Rosh Chodesh was on that day, she did not bother to interrupt her husband (because there is no Nefilas Apayim on Rosh Chodesh). But in fact, Rosh Chodesh fell on the following day.
What is the alternative explanation?

(b) What did she reply (quoting her illustrious ancestors) when her husband asked her how she knew that Raban Gamliel had died?

(a) The Beraisa states that someone who hurts a Ger verbally, transgresses three La'avin.
How is that?

(b) From where do we know that a Jew is forbidden to oppress another Jew for money that he owes?

(c) On what grounds do we query the Beraisa, which lists three La'vin for Ona'as ha'Ger (as we just proved), but only two for Bal Tilchatz?

(d) So how do we conclude?

(a) How many times does the Torah warn us not to abuse a Ger?

(b) What reason does Rebbi Eliezer give for that?

(c) What important principle does Rebbi Nasan learn from the Pasuk in Mishpatim "ve'Ger Lo Soneh ve'Lo Silchatzenu, Ki Geirim Heyisem be'Eretz Mitzrayim"?

(d) What adage is based on this D'rashah? Under what circumstances should one not tell one's servant to hang up a piece of fish?

Answers to questions

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