REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Bava Metzia 58
(a) What does the Beraisa rule in a case where the Sheluchim who are
carrying the town's Shekalim lose them or if the money is stolen? To whom
must they swear (that they were not careless ...) ...
(b) What is the reason for the difference?
- ... if the Terumas ha'Lishkah *was* already collected?
- ... if it was *not*?
(c) What does this Tana rule in the event that the money is found or
(a) In light of the P'tur of swearing to Hekdesh, how does Shmuel explain
the Shevu'ah in the Reisha?
(b) Then what does the Tana mean when he says 'Nishba'in le'Gizbarin'?
Should he not rather have said 'Nishba'in li'B'nei ha'Ir'?
(c) What are the two possible reasons for this Shevu'ah?
(a) Shmuel concludes that the Sheluchim are Shomrei Sachar, as we explained.
What is then the problem with the Shevu'ah?
(b) In order to answer this Kashya, how does Rabah interpret ...
(c) In an attempt to resolve the current problem, Rebbi Yochanan tries to
establish the Beraisa by a specific category of Kodshim, like Rebbi Shimon.
- ... 'Nignevu'?
- ... 'Avdu'?
Which Rebbi Shimon? Which category of Kodshim?
(a) What problem do we have with Rebbi Yochanan's explanation from the
Reisha 'Im Nisremah ha'Terumah ... ?
(b) This Kashya is based on the Mishnah in Shekalim 'Tormin al he'Avud ve'al
What is ...
(c) Which is the third case that is covered by the Terumas ha'Lishkah? How
many times annually was the Terumas ha'Lishkah performed?
- ... 'Avud'?
- ... 'Gavuy'?
(d) So how does Rebbi Elazar finally establish the significance of this
(a) The Beraisa states that if the Gizbar of Hekdesh hired a Shomer to look
after a cow, a child or seeds, the Shomer does not receive remuneration for
What are the ramifications of this ruling?
(b) What is the significance of guarding ...
(c) Under which circumstances will the guard get paid S'char Shabbos (and
therefore be held responsible should anything happen on Shabbos)?
- ... the cow? Which cow?
- ... the child?
- ... the barley (or wheat)-seeds?
(a) Bearing in mind that the Tana is talking about Hekdesh, what did Rami
bar Chama ask Rabah from the Seifa of the Beraisa 'Lefichach, Achrayus
(b) And what did he retort when, in reply, Rabah established the Shomer's
obligation with regard to losing his wages (rather than an obligation to
pay)? Why would Rabah's answer create a problem with the Reisha?
(c) Rabah was stymied.
How does Rami bar Chama deal with the problem? How
might the Shomer be Chayav to pay, despite the fact that he was looking
(d) Which other great Amora holds like that too?
(a) A Beraisa expert quoted a Beraisa 'Kodshim she'Chayav be'Achriyusan,
Chayav she'Ani Korei Bahen " ... ba'Hashem ve'Kichesh", she'Eino Chayav
be'Achriyusan, Patur, she'Ani Korei Bahen "ba'Amiso ve'Kichesh".
Answers to questions
the Torah actually write?
(b) According to this version, what does the Tana presume to be the cause
of the Chiyuv, belonging to Hekdesh or belonging to a Hedyot?
(c) When Rebbi Yitzchak bar Aba's heard this version, what was his reaction
(d) His first remark was 'K'lapei Laya'.
- ... to the text?
- ... to the presumption?
What does this mean?
(e) And what did he reply, when the Beraisa expert suggested erasing the
(a) Rebbi Yehudah in our Mishnah exempts a Sefer-Torah, animals and jewels
What reason does the Tana of the Beraisa attribute to Rebbi
Yehudah's ruling with regard to ...
(b) On what grounds do the Rabbanan argue with Rebbi Yehudah regarding the
- ... a Sefer Torah?
- ... an animal and jewels?
(c) And how does Rebbi Yehudah counter this?
(d) What is the ceiling above which Rebbi Yehudah will concede that the
above are liable to Ona'ah?
(a) Rebbi Yehudah ben Beseira adds (to Rebbi Yehudah's list) a horse, a
sword and a Tittum (or T'ris) during war-time.
Why is that? What is a
Tittum (or T'ris)?
(b) The Tana of our Mishnah equates Ona'as Devarim with Ona'as Mamon.
is 'Ona'as Devarim'?
(c) How does one contravene Ona'as Devarim in the realm of buying and
(d) Because it involves Ona'as Devarim, what should one not say to ...
- ... a Ba'al Teshuvah?
- ... a ben Geirim? From which Pasuk do we learn this?
(a) How does the Tana of the Beraisa know that the Pasuk in Behar "Lo Sonu
Ish es Amiso" pertains to Ona'as Devarim (and not to Ona'as Mamon)?
(b) What does the Tana of the Beraisa forbid one to say ...
(c) Who did in fact say that to their friend?
- ... to a Ger who now wants to study Torah?
- ... to a person who is suffering with an illness or who has lot children?
(d) And what should Reuven not advise Shimon who asks him for wheat to go
(a) Rebbi Yehudah adds that one should not examine an article as if he
intends to purchase it, if in reality, he has no intention of doing so.
What reason does the Tana finally give for the Torah inserting "ve'Yareisa
me'Elokecha" in connection with "Lo Sonu"?
(b) What does Rebbi Yochanan in the name of Rebbi Shimon bar Yochai learn
from the fact that the Torah writes it in connection with Ona'as Devarim,
and not with Ona'as Mamon?
(c) Rebbi Elazar ascribes this to the fact that whereas the latter is only a
monetary issue, the former is a personal one.
What third reason does Rav
Shmuel bar Nachmeini give for it?
(a) To what does the Beraisa quoted by the Beraisa-expert compare someone
who shames his fellow-Jew in public?
(b) How does he describe the act of 'shaming'?
(c) How does Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak corroborate this?
(a) Why were the B'nei Eretz Yisrael particularly careful not to shame one
Answers to questions
(b) Who else, besides someone who committed adultery with a married woman,
did they include in the list?
(c) Having already listed 'Malbin P'nei Chavero', why did the Tana need to
add someone who calls his friend by a derogatory nickname?
Why does the
former nor incorporate the latter?