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Bava Metzia 55

BAVA METZIA 51-55 - Mrs. Estanne Abraham-Fawer has dedicated two weeks of Dafyomi study material to honor the second Yahrzeit of her father, Reb Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Weiner, who passed away 18 Teves 5761). May the merit of supporting and advancing the study of the Talmud be l'Iluy Nishmaso.


(a) We just used a Beheimah Temei'ah as an example of something that has Techilas Hekdesh, but no Sof Hekdesh.
What does 'Sof Hekdesh' mean?

(b) Rav Ashi asked Ravina that even if a Tamei animal is not subject to Sof Hekdesh, it is subject to Emtza Hekdesh.
What is Emtza Hekdesh?

(c) Ravina explained that since Sof Tum'ah does not apply to it (for which reason there is no Chomesh), we learn from it that Sof Tum'ah of a Beheimah Tehorah does not require a Chomesh either.
When Rav Zutra Brei de'Rav Mari asked Ravina why we go after Sof Hekdesh rather than Emtza Hekdesh, what did he initially reply?

(d) And on what grounds did Rav Zutra persist that we should rather go after the Din by Techilas Hekdesh?

(a) Ravina replied with a statement of Rava.
What did Rava extrapolate from the Pasuk in Pinchas "ve'Arach Alehah *ha*'Olah"?

(b) How does that D'rashah apply here too, vindicating Ravina once and for all?

(c) This D'rashah is based on the Pasuk "ve'Im ba'Beheimah ha'Temei'ah ... ", as we learned earlier.
Why do we need a Pasuk for this? Why can we not learn it directly from a 'Binyan Av'?

(a) We learned a Beraisa in support of Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi. What does the Tana mean when he says 'Parah Zu ... Tallis Zu Tachas Tallis shel Hekdesh, Hekdesho Paduy'?

(b) Does he remain obligated to make up the difference?

(c) What else do we learn from the Tana's next words 've'Yad Hekdesh al ha'Elyonah'?

(d) The Tana then presents the same case, but where the owner assessed the cow or the Tallis at five Sela'im -
How does he conclude?

(a) Our Mishnah states 'ha'Ona'ah Arba'ah Kesef (Ma'ah), ve'ha'Ta'anah Sh'tei Kesef, ve'ha'Hoda'ah Shaveh P'rutah'.
How much must the sale be for the Ona'ah to be four Kesef?

(b) What does 've'ha'Ta'anah Sh'tei Kesef, ve'ha'Hoda'ah Shaveh P'rutah' refer to?

(c) This is one of a number of P'rutos. How many more cases of P'rutah does the Tana list?

(d) We know that one can betroth a woman with a P'rutah.
What is the Din P'rutah connected with ...

  1. ... Hekdesh?
  2. ... Metzi'ah?
  3. ... Gezel?
(a) We ask that we have already learned the opening Din in an earlier Mishnah ('ha'Ona'ah Arba'ah Kesef').
How do we initially answer this answer?

(b) But this too, is stated in a Mishnah in Bechoros?

(a) According to Rav Kahana, our Mishnah does not include the minimum Shiur regarding Ona'ah in the list, because the minimum Shiur for Ona'ah is an Isar.
Why is that?

(b) Levi cites a Beraisa that includes Ona'ah in the list of P'rutos.
What else does he include that the Tana of our Mishnah does not?

(c) Which two of the five cases listed in our Mishnah does he then omit?

(a) Seeing as our Tana mentions ...
  1. ... Aveidah, why does he need to mention Gezel?
  2. ... Gezel, why does he need to mention Aveidah?
(b) Why does he not then include 'Yeshivas ha'Dayanim'?

(c) Why does Levi's Tana decline to include ...

  1. ... Me'ilah in his list of P'rutos?
  2. ... 'Aveidah?
(d) He nevertheless mentions 'Yeshivas ha'Dayanim' (even though he has already mentioned Gezel), to preclude the opinion of Rav Ketina.
What does Rav Ketina say?
(a) And why does our Tana not include Pidyon Ma'aser in his list?

(b) Then let him say 'Chomesh Ma'aser'?

(a) Rava asked on Rav Ketina from a Beraisa.
What does the Tana there learn from the Pasuk in Vayikra (in connection with Chomesh) "Ve'es Asher Chata al ha'Nefesh Yeshalem ... "?

(b) On whom does this pose a Kashya?

(c) So how do we amend Rav Ketina, to conform with the Beraisa? What will Beis-Din do by less than a Shaveh-P'rutah?

Answers to questions



(a) Our Mishnah then lists five Chumshin. T'rumah, T'rumas Ma'aser and T'rumas Ma'aser shel D'mai are all incorporated in T'rumah. We have already learned that if a Zar eats any of them be'Shogeg, he pays a fine of a Chomesh.
Why does the Tana not also include Terumah Gedolah of D'mai in his list of T'rumos?

(b) Which other two cases does the Tana include in his list of things that are called T'rumah?

(c) The Tana also adds the cases of someone who redeems his own Neta Re'vai and Ma'ser Sheini.
Why does he reckon them as one?

(d) The third of the five cases is someone who redeems his own Hekdesh. What do we learn from the Pasuk in Bechukosai (in connection with Chomesh) "ve'Chi Yig'al Ish *mi'Ma'asro*" and "ve'Im *ha'Makdish* Yig'al es Beiso" respectively?

(a) The remaining two cases add a Chomesh due to the fact that they sinned. What are they?

(b) What bothers Rebbi Elazar with the ruling that T'rumas Ma'aser shel D'mai pays a Chomesh?

(c) Rav Nachman Amar Shmuel establishes our Mishnah like Rebbi Meir.
What does Rebbi Meir say about a Sheli'ach who brings a Get from overseas and fails to declare 'be'Fanai Nichtav u've'Fanai Nechtam'?

(d) According to the Chachamim, the baby is in any event not a Mamzer. What must the Sheli'ach do according to them?

(a) We base Rebbi Meir's stringency on a statement by Rav Hamnuna in the name of Ula.
What does he say about someone who deviates from the instructions of the Chachamim in the realm of Gitin, according to Rebbi Meir?

(b) The Mishnah in D'mai discussing Ma'aser Sheini of D'mai, permits the redeeming of silver coins on to silver coins, and copper coins on to copper coins.
Which other concession does he make with regard to silver coins?

(c) Rebbi Meir permits redeeming a copper coin of Ma'aser Sheini on to fruit, provided one then transfers the Kedushah back from the fruit on to money.
Why is that?

(d) What do the Chachamim say?

(a) What does the Mishnah in Ma'aser Sheini instruct the owner to do if a Sela of Ma'aser and a Sela of Chulin of his got mixed up?

(b) What does the Tana go on to comment about redeeming silver coins on to copper ones?

(c) The Chachamim forbade it Lechatchilah for two reasons. One of them is because it is a degradation of Ma'aser.
What is the other one?

(d) Does the emergency concession extend to redeeming silver coins with silver ones?

(a) Why does this S'tam Mishnah pose a Kashya on Rebbi Meir of our Mishnah (whom we quoted a little earlier)?

(b) How does Rav Yosef differentiate between Pidyon and Achilah, to answer the Kashya?

Answers to questions

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