REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Bava Metzia 42
BAVA METZIA 42 (19 Teves) - has been dedicated to the memory of Hagaon Rav
Yisrael Avraham Abba ben Harav Chaim Binyamin Ze'ev Krieger ZT"L, author of
Yad Yisrael (on Rambam) and many other Sefarim, by his son, Benayahu
We already discussed (earlier in the Perek) our Mishnah 'ha'Mafkid Ma'os
Eitzel Chaveiro, ve'Tzareran ve'Hifshilan la'Achorav ... '.
What does the
Mishnah conclude regarding a Shomer who guarded the Pikadon in the regular
(a) How does Rebbi Yitzchak explain the Pasuk in Re'ei (in connection with
Ma'aser Sheini money) "ve'Tzarta ha'Kesef *be'Yadcha*" ...
(b) How does Rebbi Yitzchak advise a person to invest his money?
- ... literally?
- ... metaphorically?
(c) And what does he learn from the Pasuk in Re'ei "Yetzav Hashem Itcha es
(d) How does Tana de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael explain the same Pasuk?
(a) The Beraisa instructs someone who goes to measure the grain in his
granary (in order to Ma'aser it), to pray that Hashem sends a blessing to
What should he say as he begins to measure it?
(b) What is the value of a B'rachah that he recites after having measured
(c) Which three things does 'Ein ha'B'rachah Metzuyah Ela be'Davar ha'Samuy
min ha'Ayin' incorporate?
(a) What does Shmuel say about safekeeping money that one is not
(b) When will Shmuel agree that this is not necessary?
(c) Will he then be held liable on Motza'ei Shabbos, should anything happen
to the money that he hid on Friday late afternoon?
(d) When will he be Patur even after that time lapse on Motza'ei Shabbos?
(a) What did Rava institute, after they discovered ...
(b) What Shiur does Raban Shimon ben Gamliel give to exempt the owner of
Chametz from searching for Chametz on top of which a wall collapsed?
- ... Geshusha'i (who would poke the earth with metal spit-rods to find out whether money was hidden there) at work?
- ... F'ruma'i (ceiling-breakers)?
- ... T'fucha'i (wall-tappers)?
(c) Why would that depth not be necessary in the case of hiding money
(according to Shmuel)?
(d) Then how deep in the ground does Shmuel require the money to be?
(a) What happened to the money that a Shomer had been given for safekeeping
and which he hid in a hunter's hut?
Answers to questions
(b) Considering that the hunter's hut was a good Shemirah against thieves,
why did Rav Yosef obligate the Shomer to pay?
(c) Others say that he exempted him from paying.
What is the Halachah?
(d) What did Rava rule when a Shomer claimed that he could not remember
where he placed the money that someone gave him for safekeeping?
(a) What happened to the money that the Shomer to whom it was given for
safekeeping gave to his mother?
(b) Why did Rava not consider ...
(c) What *did* Rava therefore rule?
- ... the Shomer liable for giving the money to his mother?
- ... the mother liable for placing the money in a box rather than in the ground?
- ... the Shomer liable for not informing his mother that the money was not his?
(a) What happened to the cow that a certain Apotropus purchased on behalf of
(b) This time it was Rami bar Chama who was in a quandary.
Why did he not
(c) Why would the cowhand have been liable had the Yesomim sustained a loss?
- ... the Apotropus liable?
- ... the cowhand liable?
(d) How come that they did not sustain a loss?
(a) In that case, who was the claimant? Why could it not have been the
(b) What was he claiming?
(c) What did Rami bar Chama rule?
(d) How much is 'D'mei Basar be'Zol'?
(a) Seeing as the cowhand was not the Shomer of the middle-man, on what
grounds was he obligated to pay him? Why could he not refuse to deal with
(b) How much would the cowhand have had to pay to the Yesomim had they
sustained a loss?
(c) Why the difference between the two cases?
(a) What happened when Reuven handed Shimon a pile of hops to look after,
and Shimon instructed his servant to fetch him some hops from his own pile?
(b) Why did Rav Amram not obligate ...
(c) In which case would Rav Amram have held Shimon liable?
- ... Shimon to pay?
- ... the servant?
(a) What problem do we have with the fact that, when all's said and done,
Shimon benefited from Reuven's hops? So what if he did?
Answers to questions
(b) Rav Sama B'rei de'Rava answers that the beer that he made with the hops
turned sour, so that he derived no benefit from the hops at all.
Rav Ashi answer the Kashya?