ANSWERS TO REVIEW QUESTIONS
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Bava Metzia 119
BAVA METZIA 119 - The last Daf in Maseches Bava Metzia has been sponsored by
Alex and Helen Gross of Rechavya, Jerusalem, builders of a home molded by
dedication to Torah and love of their fellow Jews. May the Torah always
protect them and their family!
(a) The Mishnah in Orlah also cites the Machlokes with regard to whether
shoots that grow from the branches of a tree are subject to Orlah (Rebbi
Meir) or not (Rebbi Yehudah). When Rebbi Meir says 'ha'Yotzei min ha'Geza
Chayav', he is referring to - new branches that grow from the foot of the
tree up to a height of three Tefachim ...
(b) ... because up to three Tefachim from the ground is considered joined to
the ground (see Hagahos ha'G'ra).
(a) Despite having presented the Machlokes Tana'im with regard to ...
1. ... our Mishnah, the Tana nevertheless found it necessary to repeat it
with regard to Orlah, to teach us - that Rebbi Yehudah considers the
branches a separate entity, not only with regard to Mamon (the laws
pertaining to ownership, because they grew in Shimon's air-space), but even
with regard to Isur as well.
(b) de'Bei Rebbi Yanai qualifies Rebbi Shimon in our Mishnah - prohibitting
Reuven from stretching down beyond his normal reach (since most people do
not do that for fear of falling, and Chazal therefore placed all fruits
beyond his natural reach in Shimon's domain - Taz).
2. ... Orlah, the Tana repeated it here, to teach us - that Rebbi Meir
considers the branches and the roots to be one entity, not only regarding
Isur, but even regarding Mamon, too.
(c) We ask whether a case where Reuven is able to reach the branch but not
the trunk of the tree that is growing from the dividing wall, or
vice-versa - (i.e. if the branch is growing downwards), is included in
de'Bei Rebbi Yanai's prohibition or not.
(d) The She'eilah remains unresolved.
(a) Ephrayim Safra - a disciple of Resh Lakish, ruled (in his name) like
Rebbi Shimon of our Mishnah.
***** Hadran Alach ha'Bayis ve'ha'Aliyah,
(b) When they cited Rebbi Shimon's opinion in front of Shavur Malka, he
exclaimed - 'Apiryon Nimtayah le'Rebbi Shimon' (meaning that Rebbi Shimon
found favor with him).
(c) Shavur Malka was a Persian king who was conversant with Jewish law.
(d) We refute the suggestion that Shavur Malka refers here to Shmuel, whose
nickname this was - because Shmuel would not need Ephrayim Safra Amar Resh
Lakish to tell him about Rebbi Shimon, or that the Halachah was like him.
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