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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Bava Metzia 119

BAVA METZIA 119 - The last Daf in Maseches Bava Metzia has been sponsored by Alex and Helen Gross of Rechavya, Jerusalem, builders of a home molded by dedication to Torah and love of their fellow Jews. May the Torah always protect them and their family!



(a) The Mishnah in Orlah also cites the Machlokes with regard to whether shoots that grow from the branches of a tree are subject to Orlah (Rebbi Meir) or not (Rebbi Yehudah). When Rebbi Meir says 'ha'Yotzei min ha'Geza Chayav', he is referring to - new branches that grow from the foot of the tree up to a height of three Tefachim ...

(b) ... because up to three Tefachim from the ground is considered joined to the ground (see Hagahos ha'G'ra).

(a) Despite having presented the Machlokes Tana'im with regard to ...
1. ... our Mishnah, the Tana nevertheless found it necessary to repeat it with regard to Orlah, to teach us - that Rebbi Yehudah considers the branches a separate entity, not only with regard to Mamon (the laws pertaining to ownership, because they grew in Shimon's air-space), but even with regard to Isur as well.
2. ... Orlah, the Tana repeated it here, to teach us - that Rebbi Meir considers the branches and the roots to be one entity, not only regarding Isur, but even regarding Mamon, too.
(b) de'Bei Rebbi Yanai qualifies Rebbi Shimon in our Mishnah - prohibitting Reuven from stretching down beyond his normal reach (since most people do not do that for fear of falling, and Chazal therefore placed all fruits beyond his natural reach in Shimon's domain - Taz).

(c) We ask whether a case where Reuven is able to reach the branch but not the trunk of the tree that is growing from the dividing wall, or vice-versa - (i.e. if the branch is growing downwards), is included in de'Bei Rebbi Yanai's prohibition or not.

(d) The She'eilah remains unresolved.

(a) Ephrayim Safra - a disciple of Resh Lakish, ruled (in his name) like Rebbi Shimon of our Mishnah.

(b) When they cited Rebbi Shimon's opinion in front of Shavur Malka, he exclaimed - 'Apiryon Nimtayah le'Rebbi Shimon' (meaning that Rebbi Shimon found favor with him).

(c) Shavur Malka was a Persian king who was conversant with Jewish law.

(d) We refute the suggestion that Shavur Malka refers here to Shmuel, whose nickname this was - because Shmuel would not need Ephrayim Safra Amar Resh Lakish to tell him about Rebbi Shimon, or that the Halachah was like him.

***** Hadran Alach ha'Bayis ve'ha'Aliyah,
u'Selika Lah Maseches Bava Metzia *****

On to Bava Basra


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