POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Bava Metzia 53
BAVA METZIA 51-55 - Mrs. Estanne Abraham-Fawer has dedicated two weeks of
Dafyomi study material to honor the second Yahrzeit of her father, Reb
Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Weiner, who passed away 18 Teves 5761). May the
merit of supporting and advancing the study of the Talmud be l'Iluy
1) CAN MA'ASER BE NULLIFIED?
(a) (Chizkiyah): Ma'aser Sheni worth less than a Perutah - he
redeems it and the added fifth on coins already used to
redeem Ma'aser, for surely he was not exact.
2) MA'ASER THAT ENTERED YERUSHALAYIM
(b) Question (Mishnah): The following apply to Terumah and
Bikurim, but not to Ma'aser: A non-Kohen or Tamei Kohen
who eats them is liable to death at the hands of Heaven;
a non-Kohen who unintentionally eats them adds a fifth
when paying for them; they are forbidden to a non-Kohen;
they are the property of the Kohen; if they become mixed
with Chulin, they are nullified if there is 100 times as
much Chulin; one must wash his hands before eating them;
a Tamei person who immersed cannot eat them until
1. Suggestion: It says that Terumah (or Bikurim) is
nullified in 100 parts of Chulin, not Ma'aser -
implying, Ma'aser is nullified in a majority of
(c) Answer: The case is, he has no prior coins.
i. According to Chizkiyah, Ma'aser can be redeemed
(even less than a Perutah's worth) - anything
which can be permitted in some way is never
2. Question: Perhaps the Mishnah teaches that Terumah
is nullified in 100 parts, but Ma'aser is never
3. Rejection #1: The Mishnah lists stringencies of
Terumah over Ma'aser, not leniencies.
4. Objection: But it says, it is the property of the
Kohen (a leniency)!
5. Rejection #2 (Beraisa): Ma'aser is nullified in a
majority of Chulin;
i. This applies to less than a Perutah's worth of
Ma'aser, or Ma'aser that entered Yerushalayim
and left (therefore, it cannot be redeemed nor
ii. According to Chizkiyah, it can be redeemed on
(d) Question: He can redeem the Ma'aser (that became mixed
with Chulin) together with other Ma'aser worth a Perutah!
(e) Answer: No - mid'Oraisa, the Ma'aser is nullified in the
mixture, it is only considered Ma'aser mid'Rabanan - it
does not help to join it with mid'Oraisa Ma'aser.
(f) Question: He should redeem it with a Perutah's worth of
Demai (produce bought from someone untrustworthy
regarding Ma'aser - since most people Ma'aser, this is
also only Ma'aser mid'Rabanan)!
(g) Answer: We decree lest he redeem it with mid'Oraisa
(h) Question: He should redeem a Perutah and a half of
mid'Oraisa Ma'aser on two coins, each one Perutah, and
redeem the mixed Ma'aser on the other half-Perutah!
(i) Answer: If he tries this, a Perutah of Ma'aser is
redeemed on one coin, but the other half-Perutah of
Ma'aser cannot be redeemed on the other coin (since it is
less than a Perutah)!
(j) Question: He should redeem mid'Oraisa Ma'aser (worth less
than an Isar) on an Isar, and redeem the mixed Ma'aser on
Chulin that remains in the Isar!
(k) Answer: We decree lest he redeem on Perutos.
(a) Question: The Beraisa said, also Ma'aser that entered
Yerushalayim and left is nullified - he can return it to
Yerushalayim and eat it there (since it can be permitted,
it should not be nullified)!
(b) Answer #1: The case is, it became Tamei.
1. Question: If so, he can redeem it!
i. (R. Elazar): Tamei Ma'aser Sheni can be
redeemed even in Yerushalayim (since it cannot
be eaten)- "Ki Lo Suchal Se'eiso";
3) MA'ASER THAT CANNOT MAKE MONEY KODESH
(c) Answer #2: Rather, it is still Tahor - when the Beraisa
says it left Yerushalayim, it means, the walls of
Yerushalayim fell (so it can no longer be eaten).
ii. "Se'eiso" is a language of eating - "va'Yisa
2. Answer: The Ma'aser was bought with Ma'aser money.
3. Question: Even so, he can redeem it!
i. (Mishnah): Produce bought with money of Ma'aser
Sheni that became Tamei, it can be redeemed.
4. Answer: The Beraisa is R. Yehudah, who says that it
must be buried.
5. Question: If (it became Tamei, according to) R.
Yehudah - even if it did not leave Yerushalayim, it
cannot be eaten, it can be nullified!
1. Question: But Rava taught, mid'Oraisa, Ma'aser can
only be eaten within the walls; mid'Rabanan, once
Ma'aser enters the walls, it cannot be redeemed.
(d) Answer #3 (Rav Huna bar Yehudah): The Beraisa teaches one
case - less than a Perutah's worth of Ma'aser that
entered Yerushalayim and left, can be nullified.
i. Presumably, Chachamim only decreed when there
are walls (and it can be eaten) - if the walls
fell, why shouldn't it be redeemed?!
2. Answer: Chachamim did not distinguish whether or not
there are walls.
(e) Question: He can return it to Yerushalayim and eat it (so
why is it nullified)?
(f) Answer: The case is, the walls of Yerushalayim fell.
(g) Question: If so, he can redeem it!
1. Rava taught, mid'Oraisa, Ma'aser can only be eaten
within the walls; mid'Rabanan, once Ma'aser enters
the walls, it cannot be redeemed.
(h) Answer: Chachamim did not distinguish whether or not
there are walls.
i. Chachamim only decreed when there are walls
(and it can be eaten) - if the walls fell, why
shouldn't it be redeemed?!
(i) Question: If so, even if it is worth a Perutah, it can be
(j) Answer: The Beraisa teaches a bigger Chidush.
1. Not only when it is worth a Perutah, Chachamim
decreed that it cannot be redeemed once it entered
2. But even when it is not worth a Perutah, and it is
not common to redeem it (on a prior coin), Chachamim
decreed that it cannot be redeemed once it entered.
(a) (Beraisa): "Mi'Ma'asero" - not all his Ma'aser - this
excludes Ma'aser Sheni that is not worth a Perutah (it
cannot imbue Kedushah to a Perutah).
(b) (Rav Ami and R. Yochanan): The Beraisa speaks of Ma'aser
worth less than a Perutah.
(c) (Rav Asi and Reish Lakish): The Beraisa speaks of Ma'aser
whose added fifth is worth less than a Perutah.
(d) Question (Beraisa): Ma'aser worth less than a Perutah -
it suffices to say that it and its fifth are redeemed on
1. We understand according to Rav Asi - even though the
Ma'aser is more than a Perutah, since the fifth is
not, 'it suffices' to redeem on prior coins (he need
not take it to Yerushalayim or redeem it with more
2. But according to Rav Ami - the Ma'aser is less than
a Perutah - why does it say 'it suffices' - it
should just say, he redeems it on prior coins!
3. This is left difficult.