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Bava Metzia 83

BAVA METZIA 81-85 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.

1) [line 1] HEICHA D'LEIKA RE'AYAH - where there is no proof (testimony of witnesses)

2) [line 17] RISTEKA D'MECHOZA - the marketplace of Mechoza, a large Jewish trading town on the Tigris River

3) [line 17] TAVRAH - and he broke it
4) [line 17] ZIZA - a beam that was sticking out of the wall, a practice that was common among the builders in Mechoza

5) [line 20] DANEI CHAMRA - barrels of wine
6) [line 21] TEKIFU LEHU - they turned into vinegar
7) [line 25] SICHRA - a town in Bavel, near Mechoza
8) [line 25] HANEI D'DARU B'AGRA - those who move barrels using a curved beam that is placed upon the shoulders, where the barrels are hung from the ends of the beam

9a) [line 25] NAFISH L'CHAD - it (the weight) was more than [the normal weight of] one [load]
b) [line 26] ZUTAR LI'TREI - and was less than [the normal weight of] two [loads, where he would have made two trips]

10) [line 26] DIGLA - a branched carrying pole with long ends, where the barrels are attached at the ends

11) [line 27] SHEKULA'EI - porters
12) [line 27] SHAKAL LI'GELIMAIHU - he took their cloaks [to reimburse of his loss]

There are times when a judge rules that one of the litigants should act "Lifnim mi'Shuras ha'Din," literally, further inside from the line of the law. That is, he is expected to go beyond what the law requires, such as the case of our Gemara.

14) [line 30] KAFINAN - we are hungry


15a) [line 33] L'HASHKIM - to get to work early (that is, earlier than the customary time of the local population, in a case where there was no prior stipulation -- TOSFOS)
b) [line 33] L'HA'ARIV - to finish work later (than the customary time of the local population, in a case where there was not prior stipulation -- TOSFOS)

16) [line 34] EINO RASHAI L'CHOFAN - he is not able to force them, [even if he paid them extra with this in mind]

17) [line 35] L'SAPEK BI'MESIKAH - to provide them sweets, e.g. a coffee break

18) [line 36] PASAK LAHEM MEZONOS - he made an agreement with them that they will receive "Mezonos," meals from their employer (this is an unnecessary condition, since it is the custom everywhere to receive meals)

19) [line 40] KITNIS - legumes, beans
20) [line 42] TAFA LEHU A'AGRAIHU - he increased their wages [more than was customary]

21) [line 43] A'DA'ATA D'MEKADMISU U'MECHASHCHISU BAHADA'I - with the intention that you come to work earlier [then is customary] and leave work later [than is customary], as I do

22) [last line] AVIDTA SHAPIRTA - better quality work


23) [line 2] "TIZRACH HA'SHEMESH YE'ASEFUN V'EL ME'ONOSAM YIRBATZUN. YETZEI ADAM L'FA'ALO V'LA'AVODASO ADEI AREV." - "The sun rises, they gather themselves together, and lie down in their dens. Man goes forth to his work and to his labor until the evening." (Tehilim 104:22-23)

24) [line 5] NEKOTA'EI - a population that migrated from different places
25) [line 6] D'AGRISU LI K'FO'EL D'ORAISA - where he stipulated that he was hiring them to work according to the guidelines of the verses (in Tehilim, entry #23, where Reish Lakish proves that the verses require a worker to begin at sunrise and work until nightfall)

26) [line 8] "TASHES CHOSHECH V'YHI LAILAH; BO SIRMOS KOL CHAYESO YA'AR." - "You make darkness, and it is night; when all the beasts of the forest creep forth." (Tehilim 104:20)

27) [line 15] MADOR - a residence [in Olam ha'Ba]
28) [line 18] ASHKACH - found
29) [line 19] PARHAGONA - the king's official to apprehend bandits; a sheriff

30) [line 20] LAV K'CHEIVASA MESILEI? - Are they not likened to the wild animals?

31) [line 22] "YE'EROV BA'MISTAR K'ARYEH V'SUKO..." - "He (a wicked person) lies in wait secretly, like a lion in his den; [he lies in wait to catch the poor; he catches the poor, when he draws him into his net.]" (Tehilim 10:9)

32) [line 24] HARMANA D'MALKA HU - it is one of the king's royal appointments [which I cannot decline]

33) [line 24] TA, AGMERECH - Come, I will teach you
34) [line 25] UL B'ARBA SHA'EI L'CHANUSA - At four hours to the day approximately 10 AM, the time of most people's first meal), go into the restaurants and coffee shops

35) [line 27] KA MENAMNEM - and he is dozing
36) [line 27] TZURBA ME'RABANAN - an intense Torah scholar
37) [line 30] REDUDEI RADID - he works at night, pulling and stretching hammered metal into needles and the like

38) [line 32] KARYANA D'IGARTA IHU LEHEVEI PARVANKA - (lit. the one who reads the letter should be the agent to carry out its contents) Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon should be the new sheriff, since he is an expert in catching thieves

39) [line 33] KA TAFIS GANAVEI V'AZIL - he went about catching [Jewish] thieves
40) [line 38] KOVES - a clothes-washer
41) [line 41] L'VASAR D'NACH DA'ATEI, AZAL BASREI LI'FERUKEI V'LO MATZI - after he calmed down, he went after him to redeem him, but he was not able to

42) [line 43] ZAKFUHU - they hanged him
43) [line 43] KA TUSEI ZEKIFA - he stood under the gallows
44) [line 46] BENEI ME'AV - his abdomen (lit. intestines)

45a) [line 48] EIN RIMAH V'SOLE'AH SHOLETES BACHEM - you will not be effected by worms and rot
b) [line 49] ASHKEYUHU SAMA D'SHEINESA - they gave him a sleeping potion

46) [line 49] AILUHU L'VEISA D'SHISHA - they took him into a room made of marble (that was to be the operating room)

47) [line 49] KAR'U LI'KEREISEI - they cut open his abdomen
48) [line 50] HAVU MAFKU MINEI DIKULEI DIKULEI D'SARBA - they took out of him baskets and basket of fat
49) [line 50] U'MOSVEI B'SHIMSHA B'SAMUZ V'AV V'LO MASRECHEI - and they put them in the sun and they did not rot
50) [line 51] SHURAIKEI SUMKEI - streaks/traces of blood, such as veins and capillaries that bring the blood to the fatty parts of the body

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