REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Bava Kama 38
BAVA KAMA 38 - Dedicated by Eli and Jeri Turkel of Ra'anana, Israel, in
honor of the wedding of their neice, Jodi Weinblatt.
(a) What problem do we have with the distinction drawn by the Tana in our
Mishnah between the ox of a Yisrael goring the ox of a Nochri and
(b) What does ...
(c) Does the Tana then Darshen "Re'eihu" to preclude Nochrim or not (see
Tosfos Rabeinu Peretz)?
- ... Rebbi Avahu learn from the Pasuk in Chavakuk "Amad va'Yemoded Eretz, Ra'ah Viter Goyim ... "?
- ... Rebbi Yochanan learn from the Pasuk "Hofi'a me'Har Paran"?
(a) In the Beraisa that we cite to support this explanation, which of the
two Pesukim does the Tana quote?
(b) However, he quotes the Pasuk of "Hofia ... ", because of the opinions
(expressed later by Rav Masna and Rav Yosef) that interpret "Ra'ah Viter
Goyim" differently. Rav Masna based his explanation on the Pasuk in Shemini
(in connection with grasshoppers) "Le'nater Bahen al ha'Aretz".
(c) How does he then interpret "Ra'ah Viter Goyim"?
(a) Rav Yosef explains the Pasuk to mean that, when Hashem saw how the
Nochrim failed to observe their seven Mitzvos, He canceled them.
problem do we have with this explanation?
(b) Mar Brei de'Rabana therefore tries to explain that what Hashem negated
was the reward that they were initially due to receive for performing the
Mitzvos, but not the punishment. We refute this too, on the basis of a
statement by Rebbi Meir. What did Rebbi Meir in a Beraisa, Darshen from
the Pasuk in Acharei-Mos " ... Asher Ya'aseh Osam ha'Adam va'Chai Bahem"?
What should the Pasuk otherwise have said?
(c) We finally establish Rav Yosef's interpretation of "Ra'ah Viter Goyim"
based on a statement by Rebbi Chanina.
What did Rebbi Chanina say about
someone who is not 'Metzuveh ve'Oseh'?
(d) How does that explain the Pasuk "Ra'ah Viter Goyim"?
(a) Why did the Romans send two officers to Eretz Yisrael?
(b) How many times did they learn the entire Torah?
(c) What was the only 'fault' that they were able to find with it?
(d) Why did Yisrael not need to fear retaliatory pogroms, when the officers
would inform the authorities?
(a) When Rav Shmuel bar Yehudah's daughter died, why did Ula decline to
accompany the Rabbanan from Bavel on a visit to be Menachem Avel?
(b) So he went alone.
What problem did he discuss regarding Hashem's
command to Moshe "Al Tatzar es Mo'av ve'Al Tisgar Bam Milchamah"?
(c) What 'Kal va'Chomer' had Moshe therefore Darshened that justified
(d) Why then, did Hashem forbid Moshe to take revenge from the Mo'avim? Was
his 'Kal va'Chomer not in order?
(a) What is the connection between all this and Rav Shmuel bar Yehudah's
Answers to questions
(b) How was this meant to comfort Rav Shmuel bar Yehudah?
(a) What reason does Rebbi Chiya bar Aba quoting Rebbi Yochanan ascribe to
the Torah's change of Lashon, "Al Tatzar ... ve'al Tisgar Bam Milchamah" by
Mo'av, and "Al Tetzurem ve'Al Tisgar Bam" by Amon?
(b) "ve'Al Tisgar Bam" refers to 'Angarya'.
What does 'Angarya' mean?
(c) And, quoting Rebbi Yehoshua ben Korchah, to what did he accredit the
elder daughter of Lot's reward for performing (what they believed to be) the
Mitzvah of preserving mankind?
(a) The Tana Kama of a Beraisa, discussing the Din of damages regarding
Kutim, exempts a Yisrael whose ox gored one of theirs, but obligates *them*
to pay Chatzi Nezek for a Tam, and Nezek Shalem for a Mu'ad, in the reverse
What does Rebbi Meir say?
(b) On what grounds does Rebbi Meir consider Kutim 'Geyrei Arayos'?
(c) What do we learn from the Pasuk "Daber el B'nei Yisrael ... Ishah Ki
Sazri'a ... ve'Tam'ah ... "?
(d) Seeing as Chazal decreed Ziyvus on Nochri women (as well as men), why
did they not decree on their bloodstains?
(a) The Tana Kama of a Beraisa considers bloodstains from Rekem Tahor.
(b) Why does Rebbi Yehudah declare them Tamei?
(c) Bloodstains from among the Nochrim are certainly Tahor, and from among
What does Rebbi Meir hold regarding bloodstains from
among the Kutim?
(d) On what grounds do the Chachamim declare even the bloodstains of
Yisre'eliyos Tahor? Where must these bloodstains have been found?
(a) How do we reconcile what we learned a little earlier, that Rebbi Meir
considers Kutim to be Geyrei Arayos, with his ruling here, that their
bloodstains are Tamei?
Answers to questions
(b) In that case, why does the S'tam Mishnah (Rebbi Meir) in Kesuvos include
a Kutis in the list of girls who receive K'nas for rape? Why does he not
apply the decree (considering them with regard to monetary-issues) there too
(so that people should realize that they are idolaters and keep away from
(c) Why did they not then just order the rapist to give the money to the