REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Bava Kama 21
(a) What happened when Rebbi Aba bar Zavda asked Mari bar Mar to pose the
above She'eilah to Rav Huna?
(b) What did Rabah bar Rav Huna quote his father as saying?
(c) And what did Rav Huna mean when he quoted his father as having said that
someone who hires a house from Reuven must pay Shimon?
(d) How do we reconcile this with his previous ruling, which exempts him
from paying altogether?
(a) What did Rav Sechorah Amar Rav Huna Amar Rav learn from the Pasuk in
Yeshayah "u'She'iyah Yukas Sha'ar"?
(b) What else might "She'iyah" mean besides being the name of a demon?
(c) Mar bar Rav Ashi saw one of them.
How did he describe it?
(d) According to Rav Yosef, he is Patur because inhabiting an empty house
prevents it from becoming delapidated.
What is the difference between Rav
Yosef's reason and that of Rav?
(a) What did Rav Nachman do when someone built a mansion on the trash heap
(b) Does this mean that Rav Nachman holds 'ha'Dar ba'Chatzar Chaveiro,
Tzarich Leha'alos Lo S'char'?
(c) 'Karmana'i' is the name of a nationality.
What else might it mean
(with a slight amendment)?
(a) Rav establishes the case in our Mishnah ('mi'Tzidei ha'Rechavah,
Meshalemes Mah she'Hizikah') by 'Machzeres' (when the animal turned its head
in order to eat from the side of the street).
Why does that make him
(b) What does Shmuel say about 'Machzeres'?
(c) According to Shmuel, in which case does the Tana of our Mishnah obligate
the owner to pay?
(d) What is the alternative way of presenting the Machlokes?
(a) Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak asks on Rav.
What does he extrapolate from
the Mishnah 'mi'Pesach ha'Chanus, Meshalemes Mah she'Nehenis'? How must this
(b) How does Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak himself reconcile this Mishnah with
Rav's opinion in the Reisha?
(c) According to a second opinion, Shmuel agrees that 'Machzeres' is Chayav.
In which case do they then argue?
(d) Rav say 'Maktzeh Makom li'Reshus ha'Rabim, Patur'.
What does Shmuel
(a) We try to connect their Machlokes to that of 'Bor bi'Reshuso'.
Answers to questions
What is 'Bor bi'Reshuso'?
(b) How will we now explain ...
(c) How do we reconcile ...
- ... Rav?
- ... Shmuel?
(d) What will Shmuel rule in this case should the ox slip on the fruit and
become damaged or die?
- ... Rav with those who hold 'Bor bi'Reshuso, Patur'?
- ... Shmuel with those who hold 'Bor bi'Reshuso, Chayav'?
(a) Rebbi Meir and Rebbi Yehudah say in a Beraisa 'Achlah mi'Toch
ha'Rechavah, Meshalemes Mah she'Nehenis; mi'Tzidei ha'Rechavah, Meshalemes
What do Rebbi Yossi and Rebbi Elazar say?
(b) How do we initially interpret the latter opinion? What makes us think
that they must be referring specifically to Tzidei Reshus ha'Rabim (and not
to the Reshus ha'Rabim itself)?
(c) So how do we propose to establish the Machlokes Tana'im?
(a) How do we then propose to explain the above Machlokes Tana'im? What do
Rebbi Yossi and Rebbi Elazar extrapolate from "u'Bier bi'S'dei Acher"?
(b) What is the problem with this explanation?
(c) So we establish the Machlokes with regard to the Din of Ilfa and Rebbi
Oshaya (that we learned earlier). Rebbi Meir does not hold like Ilfa and
Rebbi Oshaya, whereas Rebbi Yossi does.
What does ...
- ... Ilfa say?
- ... Rebbi Oshaya say?
(a) How much does the Tana of our Mishnah obligate a dog and a kid-goat that
jumped off a roof and broke vessels, to pay?
(b) We have already quoted the Mishnah which obligates the owner of a dog
that took a cake (together with a coal) to a haystack and ate it. He pays
full damages for the cake.
How much does he have to pay if it also sets
fire to the haystack?
(c) We extrapolate that if the dog or the kid fell from the roof and broke
vessels, the owner is Patur.
What principle do we initially derive from
(d) How will those who hold 'Techilaso bi'Peshi'ah ve'Sofo be'O'nes
Chayav', establish our Mishnah?
(a) Rav Z'vid Amar Rava initially says that if the dog or the kid-goat fell
from the top of a rickety wall, the owner is Chayav (according to everyone).
Why might the fact that the wall is rickety make him liable?
(b) On what grounds do we refute this reason?
(c) So how do we finally establish Rav Z'vid's ruling? What are the two
meanings of 'Tzar'?
(a) What distinction ...
Answers to questions
(b) How does Rav Papa reconcile this Beraisa with another Beraisa which
exempts the dog and the kid in both cases?
- ... does the Tana of the Beraisa make between a dog and a kid-goat on the one hand, and a person and a chicken on the other?
- ... must we make between the reasoning behind the Chiyuv of the chicken
- and that of the man?
(c) Why should this make them Patur?