(Permission is granted to print and redistribute this material
as long as this header and the footer at the end are included.)


prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

Previous daf

Bava Kama 15


(a) What do ...
  1. ... Rav Yehudah Amar Rav and Tana de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael learn from the Pasuk in Naso (in connection with the Korban Shevu'as ha'Pikadon by Gezel ha'Ger) "Ish O Ishah Asher Ya'aseh mi'Kol Chat'os ha'Adam"?
  2. ... de'Bei Rebbi Elazar learn from the Pasuk in Mishpatim ... "ve'Eileh ha'Mishpatim Asher Tasim Lifneihem"?
  3. ... de'Bei Chizkiyah and Rebbi Yossi Hagelili from the Pasuk in Mishpatim "ve'Im Shor Nagach Hu ... ve'Heimis Ish O Ishah"?
(b) Having taught us that women are compared to men with regard to ...
  1. ... punishments, why do we need a second Pasuk to compare them regarding civil laws?
  2. ... civil laws, why do we need the first Pasuk to compare them as regards punishments?
  3. ... both of these cases, why do we need a third Pasuk to compare them as regards the death penalty?
  4. ... the latter case, why do we need the first two Pesukim?
(a) According to Rav Papa, Palga Nizka (Chatzi Nezek) is Mamon.
What does Rav Huna Brei de'Rav Yehoshua say?

(b) What is the reason of ...

  1. ... Rav Huna Brei de'Rav Yehoshua?
  2. ... Rav Papa?
(c) Why does the Torah then obligate the Mazik to pay only half damages?

(d) What are the Halachic ramifications of their Machlokes?

(a) What does the Tana of the Beraisa mean when he says 'ha'Nizak ve'ha'Mazik be'Tashlumin', according to ...
  1. ... Rav Papa ('Palga Nizka Mamona')?
  2. ... Rav Huna Brei de'Rav Yehoshua ('Palga Nizka K'nasa')?
(b) Having taught us that 'P'chas Neveilah de'Nizak' in the case of ...
  1. ... a Shor Tam, why does the Tana need to have said it earlier by a Shor Mu'ad?
  2. ... a Shor Mu'ad, why does the Tana need to repeat it by a Shor Tam?
(c) The Tana of the Mishnah (later) lists two differences between a Tam and a Mu'ad.
What are they?
(a) According to Rav Huna Brei de'Rav Yehoshua, why does the Tana not add to the list that whereas a Shor Tam does not pay on his own admission, a Shor Mu'ad does?

(b) What is Chatzi Kofer?

(c) We then go on to say that this not really an omission, since the author of the Beraisa is Rebbi Yossi Hagelili.
What does Rebbi Yossi Hagelili say?

(d) Why do we find it necessary to immediately retract from our original explanation (see Tosfos 'I Mishum Chatzi Kofer')?

Answers to questions



(a) The Beraisa states 'Heimis Shori es P'loni O Shoro shel P'loni, Harei Zeh Meshalem Al-Pi Atzmo'. Assuming that the Tana is referring to a Tam ...
  1. ... who will be the author of the first statement?
  2. ... what will we prove from the second statement?
(b) What leads us to believe that the Tana is indeed speaking about a Shor Tam? What does he say in the Seifa?

(c) Why is he Patur in that case?

(d) How do we refute this proof?

(a) What can we infer from the Beraisa 'Zeh ha'K'lal, Kol ha'Meshalem Yoser al Mah she'Hizik, Eino Meshalem al-Pi Atzmo'?

(b) How do we refute the suggestion that the Tana really implies 'Ha Kemah she'Hizik Meshalem al-Pi Atzmo'?

(c) On what grounds do we then conclude 'Tiyuvta ve'Hilchesa'?
Which case of Mazik pays by his own admission, in spite of the fact that he pays less than the full damage, even according to Rav Huna Brei de'Rav Yehoshua?

(a) Based on 'Palga Nizka' K'nasa, what do we rule in a case where a dog ate a lamb, or a cat, a chicken?

(b) And why can these damages not be claimed in Bavel?

(c) What if the Nizak seized the Mazik (see Tosfos DH 've'I Tafas')?

(d) How do we qualify the previous Halachah? When will the dog and the cat be obligated to pay full damages?

(a) What will be the Din if, in the previous case, the Nizak asks for a Din Torah in Eretz Yisrael? Does the Mazik have the right to refuse?

(b) What does Rebbi Nasan extrapolate from the Pasuk in Ki Seitzei "Lo Sasim Damim be'Veisecha"?

(c) What do we do as long as the Mazik fails to carry this out?

(a) The Tana of our Mishnah lists five Tamin and five Mu'adin.
What are the five Tamin?

(b) Shen is Mu'ad to eat what is fitting for it, and Regel to break as it walks along. The third Mu'ad is Shor ha'Mu'ad. The fourth is a kind of Shor that pays full damage even though it did not gore three times.
What is it?

(c) What is the fifth Mu'ad?

(d) Seeing as the Tana lists Keren and its four Toldos as *five* Tamin, why did he list them as only *one* once they become Mu'adin?

(a) The Tana Kama states that wild beasts (such as wolves, lions, bears, leopards and panthers) that are privately owned, are considered Mu'ad from the start.
What does Rebbi Elazar say?

(b) Which animal is always a Mu'ad, even according to Rebbi Elazar?

(a) What do we extrapolate from our Mishnah 'ha'Shen Mu'edes Le'echol ... '?

In which domain must the Tana be speaking?

(b) And what can we infer from the next statement 'Beheimah Einah Mu'edes (Leshalem Kuleih)'?

(c) Having just proved that the Tana is speaking in the Reshus ha'Nizak, who must be the author of this statement?

(a) Who is the author of the statement 've'Shor ha'Mazik bi'Reshus ha'Nizak'?

(b) How do we now reconcile the discrepancy in the Mishnah?

Answers to questions

Next daf


For further information on
subscriptions, archives and sponsorships,
contact Kollel Iyun Hadaf,