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Previous daf Bava Kama 109
1) [line 1] B'CHAYAV UV'MOSO - [if a father makes a Neder (see background to
Bava Kama 108:11) prohibiting his son from benefiting from his property] in
his lifetime and after his death [then the son may not benefit from the
property even after the father dies, and his share of the inheritance goes
to the other heirs]
2) [line 4] ARNEKI SHEL TZEDAKAH - to the container of charity money
3) [line 9] "V'IM EIN LA'ISH GO'EL L'HASHIV HA'ASHAM [ELAV, HA'ASHAM
HA'MUSHAV LA'SHEM, LA'KOHEN, MILVAD EIL HA'KIPURIM ASHER YECHAPER BO
ALAV.]" - "And if the man has no relative to whom to return the debt, [then
the debt being returned shall be for HaSh-m, for the Kohen, aside from the
ram of atonement which shall atone for him.]" (Bamidbar 5:8)
4) [line 11] GEZEL HA'GER
If someone (a) steals from a Ger who has no descendants (and therefore no
legal relatives) and (b) swears falsely to the Ger denying the theft, then
(c) later, after the Ger dies, admits to the theft, he must bring a Korban
Asham, give to the Kohanim the value of the stolen object and add a fifth.
5) [line 14] ZAKFO ALAV B'MILVEH - he placed it upon him as a loan (letting
him keep the money (that he had stolen) as a loan to be repaid later)
6) [line 12] LA'CHAZOR ACHARAV - to search after him (i.e. to find any close
relatives that might inherit him)
7) [line 16] MISHMAR
(a) The Kohanim were divided into 24 shifts according to their families
(Mishmaros), each of which served in the Mikdash for two weeks out of a
year. The Mishmaros changed on Shabbos, when the outgoing Mishmar did the
Avodah in the morning and the incoming Mishmar did the Avodah in the
(b) Every Mishmar was further divided into six Batei Avos, with the Kohanim
of each Beis Av serving on a different day of the week. On Shabbos, all the
Batei Avos of the Mishmar did the Avodah together (RASHI Menachos 107b).
Some contend that the Mishmaros were divided into seven, and not six,
groups, and only one group served on Shabbos (RASHI Ta'anis 26a -- for more
on this, see Insights to Shekalim 18:1).
(c) On the Shalosh Regalim (the holidays of Pesach, Shavu'os and Sukos) all
of the Mishmaros Kehunah came to Yerushalayim to fulfill the Mitzvah of
Aliyah l'Regel. At those times, Kohanim from any Mishmar were permitted to
do the Avodah of the Regel.
8) [line 25] EINO YACHOL L'HOTZI'O MI'YADO - no one else can take it from
9) [line 33] "V'ISH ES KODASHAV LO YIHEYU; [ISH ASHER YITEN LA'KOHENLO
YIHEYEH.]" - "The holy objects of a man shall be for him; [that which a man
gives to the Kohen shall be for him.]" (Bamidbar 5:10) The Gemara derives
from this verse that a Kohen may bring his own Korbanos at any time he wants
(even when it is not the time of his Mishmar), and he keeps the meat and the
hide for himself.
10) [line 36] "[V'HAYAH HA'SADEH B'TZEISO VA'YOVEL KODESH LA'SH-M KI'SEDEH
HA'CHEREM, LA'KOHEN TIHEYEH] ACHUZASO." - "[And when the field goes out in
the Yovel year it will be holy to HaSh-m, like a consecrated field; for the
Kohen it will be] his property." (Vayikra 27:21)
11) [line 37] SADEH HA'YOTZ'AH LA'KOHANIM BA'YOVEL (SEDEH ACHUZAH)
(a) A Sedeh Achuzah is a field that came into the possession of its owner's
family after the conquest and division of Eretz Yisrael, at the time of
Yehoshua bin Nun.
(b) If a person was Makdish (consecrated to the possession of the Beis
ha'Mikdash) his Sedeh Achuzah, everyone has the right to redeem it from
Hekdesh from that day until Yom ha'Kipurim of the Yovel year. If the Makdish
redeems it, he must pay to Hekdesh an additional *fifth* (of the ensuing
total, or a *quarter* of the original value) of the value of the field. If
the Makdish does not redeem his field by Yom ha'Kipurim of the Yovel year,
but rather it is not redeemed, or another person redeems it, it is given to
the Mishmar of Kohanim who are on duty at that time (Vayikra 27:15-21). If
the *son* of the Makdish redeems the field, it is not given to the Kohanim;
it returns to the possession of Makdish (Erchin 25b).
(c) When redeeming a Sedeh Achuzah from Hekdesh, its "value" is determined
according to the fixed endowment value stated in Vayikra 27:16, i.e. 50
silver Shekels for every parcel of land that is normally sown with a Chomer
(1 Chomer = 1 Kur = 30 Se'ah or approximately 216, 248.9 or 432 liters,
depending upon the differing Halachic opinions) of barley seed (75,000 sq.
Amos -- see Background to Kidushin 60:17). However, fifty Shekels are given
only if the field was redeemed at the beginning of a new Yovel cycle; the
amount decreases proportionally with every year that passes until it is less
than two years before the next Yovel. At that point, it is once again
redeemed for fifty Shekels per Chomer (ibid. 25a).
12) [line 38] GE'ALAH ECHAD MIN HA'KOHANIM - one of the Kohanim redeemed it
(the field that was consecrated to the possession of the Beis ha'Mikdash)
13) [line 41] "KI'SEDEH HA'CHEREM, LA'KOHEN TIHEYEH ACHUZASO." - "... like a
consecrated field; for the Kohen it will be] his property." (Vayikra 27:21;
see above, entry #10)
(a) There are two types of Charamim (a type of vow or pledge in which one
pronounces "This object should be a Cherem"):
1. Chermei Kohanim, which are given to the Kohanim for their personal use
and cannot be redeemed from the Kohen (see Bamidbar 18:14);
(b) The verse quoted by our Gemara refers to the type of Cherem that is
consecrated to be the property of the Kohanim.
2. Chermei Gavo'ah, which are given to the Beis ha'Mikdash for the Bedek
ha'Bayis and can be redeemed like any other Hekdesh.
14) [line 46] "U'VA B'CHOL AVAS NAFSHO... V'SHERES" - "And he may come
whenever he desires... and serve...." (Devarim 18:6-7)
15) [line 47] AVODASAH V'ORAH SHELO (MATANOS) - its meat (see Rashi, and
Rabeinu Chananel and Rashba cited by the Shitah Mekubetzes) and its hide
belongs to him
MATANOS - the priestly gifts
(a) Whenever a person slaughters an ox, sheep or goat (that is not Kodesh),
he must give to a Kohen the Zero'a, Lechayayim and Keivah (the foreleg, the
[lower] jaw, and the maw or abomasum [the last of a cow's four stomachs]
(Devarim 18:3). 1. The ZERO'A consists of the two upper limbs of the right
foreleg, from the knee until the top of the shoulder blade; 2. The
LECHAYAYIM consists of the lower jaw, from the joint where it is attached to
the upper jaw until the thyroid cartilage, including the tongue; 3. The
KEIVAH consists of the maw together with its Chelev, but the Minhag of the
Kohanim is to let the animal's owner keep the Chelev.
(b) Although one must give the Zero'a, Lechayayim and Keivah to a Kohen,
they may be eaten by a non-Kohen.
16) [last line] BA'AL MUM - a Kohen with a physical blemish which renders
him unfit to perform the Avodah in the Beis ha'Mikdash
(a) It is forbidden for a Kohen who has a Mum (blemish) to do the Avodah in
the Beis ha'Mikdash, whether the Mum is a Mum Kavu'a (a permanent blemish;
e.g. an amputated hand or foot) or a Mum Over (a temporary blemish; e.g.
boils). [According to the Rambam this is counted as two Lavin (#70 and 71).
According to the Ramban they are counted as one Lav.]
(b) There are three types of blemishes (Bechoros 43a): 1. blemishes that
invalidate a Kohen from doing the Avodah or invalidate an animal from being
offered as a sacrifice on the Mizbe'ach; 2. blemishes that only invalidate a
Kohen but not an animal; 3. blemishes that invalidate a Kohen and also an
animal but only because of Mar'is ha'Ayin (for appearance sake).
(c) If a Kohen who had a Mum did the Avodah: 1. if he had a Mum that
invalidates Kohanim and animals, his Avodah is Pesulah whether he did it
b'Shogeg or b'Mezid, and he receives Malkos if he did it b'Mezid; 2. if he
had a Mum that only invalidates Kohanim, his Avodah is Kesheirah (RAMBAM
Hilchos Bi'as Mikdash 6:6); 3. if he had a Mum that only invalidates him
because of Mar'is ha'Ayin, he does not receive Malkos and his Avodah is
Kesheirah. (Sefer ha'Chinuch #275, 276)