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Bava Kama 80

1) [line 1] HA'TABACH - the meat-dealer/slaughterer
2) [line 1] U'VILVAD SHE'LO YISH'HEH HA'AGUNAH SHE'BAHEN 30 YOM - and as long as he does not keep the Agunah among them for thirty days. The "Agunah" refers to the animal that he bought the latest, right before the time of the market day (RASHI; the RI, however, explains that "Agunah" means the animal that is left by itself after he has sold all of the other animals. We might have thought that he may keep that animal for longer than 30 days, since a lone animal tends not to do damage).

3) [line 5] U'VILVAD SHE'LO SETZEI V'SIR'EH BA'EDER - and as long as it does not go out and graze with the flock

4) [line 6] KOSHRAH B'CHAR'EI HA'MITAH - [but rather] he must tie it to the feet of the bed

5) [line 7] CHASID - a person who has raised himself to a level where he is meticulous in keeping Mitzvos and he does them naturally

6) [line 8] GONE'ACH MI'LIBO - (O.F. plaignant) moaning/groaning from heart pain
7) [line 9] CHALAV ROSE'ACH - hot milk (directly from the udder of the animal)
8) [line 13] LISTIM MEZUYAN - an armed bandit
9) [line 19] MI'BA'ALEI BATIM SHEBA'GALIL HA'ELYON - of the important householders of the Upper Galilee region

10) [line 20] HAYU MAR'IN B'CHORSHIN - they would graze their animals in forests

11) [line 20] V'DANIN DINEI MAMONOS B'YACHID - they would adjudicate monetary matters with a single judge

12a) [line 23] EIN MECHAIVIN OSO LIMKOR MIYAD - we do not obligate him to sell them immediately
b) [line 24] ELA MOCHER AL YAD, AL YAD - but rather [he may sell them] one by one

13) [line 29] HA'HOGENES LO - one which is fit for him
14) [line 35] CHAYAH DAKAH - a small, undomesticated animal
15) [line 36] KELAVIM KUFRIYIM - (a) small dogs (that are harmless), (b) large dogs of hunters (that are harmless) (RASHI)

16) [line 36] CHATULIM - cats
17) [line 36] KOFIN - monkeys
18) [line 36] CHULDOS SENA'IM - a small animal with prickly hairs (porcupine)

19) [line 37] MIPNEI SHE'ASUYIM L'NAKER ES HA'BAYIS - because they are able to clean the house (and keep it rodent-free)

20) [line 37] SHERATZA CHARTZA - the creeping creature known as Chartza
21) [line 38] CHARZA D'KATINEI SAKEI, V'RA'AYA BEINEI VARDINEI - the Charza animal that has small legs, and it grazes among the roses

22) [line 38] U'MAI SHERATZA? D'MITATA'EI SHA'KEI - why is it called a "creeping" creature? Because it has short legs (and thus it looks like it creeps along and slithers when it walks)

23) [line 39] ASINU ATZMENU B'VAVEL K'ERETZ YISRAEL LI'VEHEMAH DAKAH - we made ourselves here in Bavel like Eretz Yisrael with regard to [the prohibition of raising] Behemah Dakah (small undomesticated animals)

24) [line 43] IKLA'U - they visited

25a) [last line] BEI SHAVU'A HA'BEN - the house of the Bris celebration of the son (it is called "Shavu'a" because it occurs after seven full days have passed, -RASHI)
b) [last line] BEI YESHU'A HA'BEN - the house of the redemption celebration of the son; Rashi says that this refers to the festive meal that is held at the time of the Pidyon ha'Ben, the Redemption of the Firstborn Son. Tosfos, quoting Rabeinu Tam, says that this refers to the festive meal that is held to thank HaSh-m for saving the child from the perils of childbirth

26) [last line] RAV LO AYIL KAMEI DI'SHMUEL - Rav did not go up [into the house] before Shmuel


27) [line 2] MAN NISRACH? - who should be left back (so that the others can enter without compromising their desire to give honor to the other)

28) [line 4] RAV, MILSA B'ALMA HU D'AVAD LEI - Rav conducted himself with a particular form of conduct [with regard to giving honor to Shmuel]

b) [line 5] MISHUM HA'HU MA'ASEH D'LATYEI - because of the incident in which he (Rav) cursed him (Shmuel). When Rav came to Bavel, Shmuel saw a sign that a great man was coming. He saw the River Malka, which flowed from Eretz Yisrael to Bavel, looking turbid and bringing up high waves of black water. He understood that the water was black as a sign of the pain of the great man who was coming (Rav), who was suffering from stomach pains. Shmuel sent Karna to ask Rav three questions to test him to see if he indeed was a great Talmid Chacham. Rav was upset that they were testing him, and he wished Karna (which means a horn) that a piece of flesh (called a Karna) should grow from his eye. In an attempt to cure Rav and rid him of his stomach pains, Shmuel (who was a great doctor) took him to his home, fed him barley-bread and small fish fried in flour, and gave him beer to drink (to give him diarrhea); following which, he did not show him the bathroom (to make the manure churn). As a result of this treatment, Rav cursed Shmuel that he should have no children. (Shabbos 108b)

29) [line 5] ADBEREI RAV ALEI - Rav made him (Shmuel) his superior
30) [line 6] AD'HACHI V'HACHI - in the meantime
31) [line 6] ASA SHUNRA - a cat came
32) [line 6] KAT'EI L'YADA D'YENUKA - cut off the hand of the small child (for whom the festive meal was being made)

33) [line 7] CHATUL MUTAR L'HORGO -- it is permitted to kill a vicious cat that poses a serious danger to children (Shulchan Aruch, Choshen Mishpat 266:4)

34a) [line 17] UCHMA - black
b) [line 17] CHIVRA - white

35) [line 21] (CHB"D BY"CH BCH"N SIMAN) - this is a mnemonic device for remembering the three different versions of who said the Halachah that follows (each letter represents the *second* letter of the first name of the Amora who is quoted)

36) [line 25] MASRI'IN AL HA'CHIKUCH B'SHABBOS - they make a public gathering with prayer (and the blasts of Shofaros according to Rashi, but only with cries and prayer according to Tosfos) in order to beseech HaSh-m to save them from an epidemic of a dangerous skin disease involving itching sores, even on Shabbos, when such activities are normally prohibited because they are not in the joyful spirit of Shabbos.

37) [line 26] DELES HA'NIN'ELES LO VI'MEHERAH TIPASE'ACH - a locked door is not quickly opened (that is, a man whose fate is that he not succeed will not suddenly have a change of fate; rather, he must increase his prayers for mercy from HaSh-m)

38) [line 27] ONO - a document (in this case, a bill of sale)
39) [line 27] SHE'AR PUR'ANIYOS HA'MISRAGSHOS U'VA'OS AL HA'TZIBUR - other calamities that break forth and come upon the community

40) [line 28] CHAGAV - the small white locust
41) [line 28] ZEVUV - flies
42) [line 28] TZIR'AH - hornets
43) [line 28] YETUSH - mosquitos
44) [line 28] SHILU'ACH NECHASHIM V'AKRABIM - an outbreak of snakes and scorpions

45) [line 29] TZO'AKIM - each person cries individually (but not in public)
46a) [line 29] LACH - moist (this is the more dangerous form of the skin disease according to the Rambam and Shulchan Aruch)
b) [line 29] YAVESH - dry (this is the more dangerous form of the skin disease according to Rashi)

47) [line 30] "VA'YEHI SHECHIN AVA'BU'OS PORE'ACH BA'ADAM UVA'BEHEMAH" - "and it became bubbling boils, breaking out on man and beast." (Shemos 9:10)

48) [line 31] SEMICHAH - the granting of rabbinical authority (ordination)
49) [line 31] KOL HA'MERI'IN LO, LO VI'MEHERAH METIVIN LO - anyone for whom bad things are happening, will not quickly have good things happen to him

50) [line 33] MILSA D'NAFSHEI HU D'AMAR - he (Rav Acha mi'Difti) was only speaking about his own experiences. The Gemara in Bava Basra (12b) relates that when Rav Ashi passed away, the students assumed that Rav Acha mi'Difti would be appointed as the new Rosh Yeshivah. Instead, though, Mar bar Rav Ashi was appointed as the new Rosh Yeshivah. Rav Acha mi'Difti first thought that to be a temporary situation, but when he saw that it was for good, he stated that he would never have the benefit of being the Rosh Yeshivah.

(a) Shevus refers to actions that the Rabanan prohibited on Shabbos. The Torah states "u'va'Yom ha'Shevi'i Tishbos" ("and you shall rest on the seventh day") (Shemos 23:12). The Rabanan learn that this applies even to things that are not Melachos, and as a result they prohibited actions that were permitted mid'Oraisa (see Shabbos 114b).
(b) Telling a non-Jew to do Melachah for a Jew is one of the Shevus decrees. Even though non-Jews transgress no prohibition by doing Melachah on Shabbos, the Rabanan prohibited telling them to do Melachah for Jews. This prohibition applies even if they are told on Friday, and even if the Melachah is only needed for after Shabbos. (see RAMBAM Hilchos Shabbos, Chapter 6)

52) [line 36] MISHUM YISHUV ERETZ YISRAEL LO GAZRU BEI RABANAN - because of the Mitzvah of settling Eretz Yisrael, the Rabanan did not apply their decree prohibiting Amirah l'Nochri (see previous entry) on Shabbos, and they permitted a Jew to tell a Nochri to write a bill of sale when a Jew has the opportunity to purchase land from a Nochri in Eretz Yisrael

53) [line 37] HA'LOKE'ACH IR - one who purchases a city
54) [line 37] KOFIN OSO LIKACH LAH DERECH ME'ARBA RUCHOSEHA - we force him to purchase roads into the city from all four directions

55) [last line] MISHUM YISHUV ERETZ YISRAEL - for the sake of the Mitzvah of settling Eretz Yisrael (so that the city will be accessible to people traveling from any direction)

56) [last line] ASARAH TENA'IN HISNAH YEHOSHUA - Yehoshua established ten conditions for the distribution and possession of the land of Eretz Yisrael

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