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Bava Kama 50

BAVA KAMA 50 (27 Elul) - Dedicated in honor of the Yahrzeit of Chana Susha bas Reb Dovid Mordechai, by her son, Moshe Wolfson.

1) [line 3] BA'AL HA'TAKALAH - the owner of the pitfall, obstacle
2) [line 16] AD D'TA'IM LEI - until he fills it up [with earth]
3) [line 22] CHALAL - a cavity
4) [line 24] USHIN - holes for the foundations of a stone wall
5) [line 32] D'ARVACH ARVUCHEI LI'RESHUS HA'RABIM - he widened Reshus ha'Rabim, e.g. he delivered over to the public the space on his land in which he dug the Ushin (RASHI, based upon the Girsa of the Bach)

6) [line 36] CHAFAR U'FASACH U'MASAR LA'RABIM - if he dug *or* opened [a pit] and delivered it over to the public

7) [line 37] NECHUNYA CHOFER SHICHIN - See Insights to Shekalim 14:1
8) [line 42] ZACHAR SHEL RECHELIM - a ram (the ram from the binding of Yitzchak -- RASHI)

9) [line 45] "...U'SEVIVAV NIS'ARAH ME'OD." "[HaSh-m comes, and does not keep silent; a fire devours before Him,] and there is a mighty tempest around Him." (Tehilim 50:3)

10) [line 46] MEDAKDEK IM SEVIVAV - He is very exacting with those who are in His vicinity (those people who are close to HaSh-m)

11) [line 46] CHUT HA'SE'ARAH - [even regarding fine details that are comparable to being as thin] as a hairbreadth

12) [line 47] "KEL NA'ARATZ B'SOD KEDOSHIM RABAH, V'NORA AL KOL SEVIVAV." - "HaSh-m is greatly feared in the assembly of the holy ones, and held in reverence by all those who are around Him." (Tehilim 89:8)

13) [line 48] VATRAN - easygoing, lax in meting out justice (HaSh-m *is* forgiving when a person engages in the process of Teshuvah. However, the person who broadcasts that HaSh-m is a Vatran, willing to overlook sins even if a person does not do Teshuvah, will cause himself and others to sin.)

14) [line 48] YIVASRU CHAYAV - his life should be doomed, open to misfortunes and catastrophic occurrences

15) [line 48] "HA'TZUR TAMIM PA'ALO, KI CHOL DERACHAV MISHPAT..." - "He is the Rock, His work is perfect; for all His ways are justice; [G-d of truth and without iniquity, just and right is He.]" (Devarim 32:4)


16a) [line 1] ERECH APAYIM - one of HaSh-m's 13 attributes of mercy (Shemos 34:6-7; see Charts to Rosh Hashanah #4, Daf 17b), Erech Apayim means "long-suffering" and our Gemara interprets the plural "Apayim" as referring to two subjects of this attribute of HaSh-m's mercy: the righteous and the wicked. RASHI maintains that HaSh-m holds back, keva'Yachol, in this world, from rewarding the righteous and from punishing the wicked
b) [line 1] ERECH AF - long-suffering and willing to wait to mete out justice (RASHI)

17) [line 2] YESAKEL - to clear one's field of rocks
18) [line 5] REIKAH! - empty-headed person!
19) [line 6] LIGLEG ALAV - he scoffed at him
20a) [line 12] BOR - a round pit or well that is dug in the ground; cistern
b) [line 12] SHI'ACH - a narrow elongated well
c) [line 13] ME'ARAH - a cave (usually leading to a spring or water source)
d) [line 13] CHARITZIN - trenches
e) [line 13] NE'ITZIN - a well that is wide at the top and narrow at the bottom

21a) [line 19] HEVLO - its air that is hard to breathe (the limited space of the Bor creates a situation where the dust that rises from the fall and the rarified air of the pit makes it harder to breathe -- see Shabbos 95a)
b) [line 19] CHABATO - its blow (the blow that the animal receives from the ground at the bottom of the pit)

22) [line 23] SEFOGIN SHEL TZEMER - tufts of wool
23) [line 24] GOVAH BI'RESHUSH HA'RABIM - a hill in Reshus ha'Rabim (an animal may receive a blow from falling off of it; however, it has no injurious Hevel)

24a) [line 26] AD SHE'YIPOL DERECH NEFILAH - until it falls normally, i.e. *into* something that has depth and face down (so that the Hevel of the Bor will certainly injure it)
b) [line 27] "V'NAFAL" KOL DEHU MASHMA - the word "v'Nafal" implies any type of fall

25) [line 36] KATIN - shallow
b) [line 36] KERICHA - round
c) [line 37] ARICH - deep
26) [line 40] MERAB'A - square
27) [line 42] METALELA - covered
28) [line 45] LEIS BEHU REVICHA MIL'EIL TEFEI MI'TATA'I - since they are not wider at the top that at the bottom

29) [line 51] TORA - bull
30) [line 51] ARISA D'DELA'EI - an irrigation channel

(a) A Tereifah is an animal that has acquired or was born with a fatal defect that will result in its death within a year. (There are some who maintain that a Tereifah can live for more than a year -- see Chulin 42a-b)
(b) One of the 18 types of injuries that results in a Tereifah is "Risuk Eivarim," where an animal cannot stand up after a fall, whether an injury is apparent or not.

32a) [line 51] IY SHAKIL MAREI D'HAI SORA KAVA D'KIMCHA - had the owner of this bull taken one measure of flour (as his sustenance)...
b) [line 52] V'AZAL TANA BEI MIDRASHA "IM SHAHASAH ME'ES L'ES KESHEIRAH" - and had gone to the Beis ha'Midrash to learn the Halachah that if one slaughters an animal that lives for at least 24 hours after it suffers a fall, that animal is deemed Kosher and not a Tereifah...
c) [line 52] LO AFSEDEI L'SORA D'SHAVAH KAMA KAVEI - I would not have [ruled that the slaughtering was unfit and] caused him to lose his bull that was worth many measures of flour

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