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Bava Kama 20

1a) [line 1] HA'HU BARCHA - a certain goat
b) [line 1] D'CHAZA LIFTA - that saw a turnip
c) [line 1] A'PUMA D'DANA - on the mouth of a barrel
2) [line 1] SARICH - it scratched (with its paws)
3) [line 2] SALIK - and it went up
4) [line 2] ACHLAH L'LIFTA V'SAVREI L'DANA - it ate the turnip and broke the barrel

5) [line 6] V'ACHLAH ME'AL GABEI CHAVERTAH - and ate from off the back of another animal

6) [line 8] HAYESAH KUPASO MUFSHELES LA'ACHORAV - his bundle was hanging behind his back

7) [line 10] KOFETZES - it jumped in order to eat (see Insights)
8) [line 16] MISGALGEL MAHU? - (a) if the animal rolled the food from the Reshus ha'Yachid into the Reshus ha'Rabim and ate it there (Rashi), (b) if the the food was rolling from the Reshus ha'Yachid to the Reshus ha'Rabim and the animal intercepted it before it reached the Reshus ha'Rabim (Tosfos), what is the Halachah?

9) [line 17] AMIR - bundles of straw
10) [line 19] MASOY - a pack, a bundle
11) [line 23] PESILAH D'ASPASTA - strands of hay
12) [line 30] REVUTZAH - sitting
13) [line 34] AVDEI INSHEI D'MANCHEI GELIMEI U'MISPACHEI - it is accepted practice for a person to put down his shirt while he stops to rest

14a) [line 35] DEMEI AMIR - the price of hay
b) [line 37] DEMEI SE'ORIM BEZOL - the bargain price of barley, which is two thirds the regular price (Bava Basra 146b)


  • 1 Kav = 4 Lugin
  • 1 Log = 6 Beitzim
  • 1 Beitzah = 2 k'Zeisim
  • 1 k'Zayis = approximately 0.025, 0.0288 or 0.5 liters, depending upon the differing Halachic opinions.
Therefore: 1 Kav = 4 Lugin = 24 Beitzim = 1.20, 1.38, or 2.4 liters, depending upon the differing Halachic opinions

16) [line 40] OMDIN - assess; approximate
17) [line 42] LO HAVIS GABAN B'URSA BI'TECHUMA - you were not with us yesterday evening near the Beis Medrash such that you would have been able to come

18) [line 42] D'IBAYA LAN MILEI MA'ALYASA - so we could ask you a good question

19a) [line 44] CHATZER D'LO KAIMA L'AGRA - a courtyard which is not up for rent
b) [line 45] GAVRA D'LO AVID L'MEIGAR - a person who does not generally pay for lodging


20) [line 2] L'CHI TESHAMESH LI - in order for me to teach you Torah, you must first attend to me like a student attends to his teacher

21) [line 2] SHAKAL SUDREI - he took his scarf
22) [line 2] KARACH LEI - he folded it for him

23a) [line 4] KAMAH LO CHALI V'LO MARGISH - how greatly assured is one that he will not be sick from grief or worry
b) [line 4] GAVRA D'MAREI SAYE'EI - is the person whose Master is his help, support

24) [line 9] HA'MAKIF CHAVEIRO MI'SHALOSH RUCHOSAV - someone whose fields surround his neighbor's field on three sides

25) [line 9] V'GADAR - he put up a fence (according to Rashi, between himself and the neighbor)

26) [line 15] MEGALGELIN ALAV ES HA'KOL - we require him to pay his share in all of the four sides of the fence

27) [line 17] L'DIDI SAGI LI B'NETIRA BAR ZUZA - for me it would have sufficed with a cheap protective fence that only cost a Zuz

28a) [line 18] BAYIS - [the ground floor of] a house
b) [line 18] ALIYAH - the second story of a house
29) [line 21] YETZI'OSAV - his expenses
30) [line 24] BEISA L'ALIYAH MISHTA'ABED - the downstairs neighbor is obligated to the upstairs

31) [line 28] SHACRURISA D'ASHYASA - blackening of the walls
32) [line 28] SHALCHUHA BEI REBBI AMI - they sent the question to the Yeshivah of Rebbi Ami

33) [line 30] NISYASHEV BA'DAVAR - we will deliberate on the matter
34) [line 36] LAV B'FEIRUSH ITMAR, ELA MI'KELALA ITMAR - it was not said explicitly by Rebbi Yochanan; rather it was derived through something else he said or did not say

35) [line 38] KORAH - beam

36) [line 38] LO MA'AL (ME'ILAH)
(a) It is forbidden to derive personal benefit from anything that is Hekdesh, as the Torah states, "Lo Suchal le'Echol b'Sha'arecha...u'Nedarecha Asher Tidor" - "You may not eat in your settlements... and your pledges [to Hekdesh] that you will pledge" (Devarim 12:17) (RAMBAM Hilchos Me'ilah 1:1-3). The minimum amount for which one transgresses this prohibition is a Perutah's worth of benefit.
(b) If someone benefited from Hekdesh intentionally, he receives Malkos and must pay to Hekdesh the amount that he benefited. However, the object from which he benefited remains Hekdesh.
(c) If someone benefited from Hekdesh unintentionally, the object loses its Kedushah. He must bring a Korban Me'ilah and repay Hekdesh the value of his benefit plus an additional *fifth* (of the ensuing total, or a *quarter* of the original value). This is true of any object that has Kedushas Damim (i.e. its value is consecrated to Hekdesh). An object that has Kedushas ha'Guf (i.e. an object with intrinsic Kedushah, such as the utensils used in the Beis ha'Mikdash or a live Korban that is used in the Beis ha'Mikdash "as is") does not lose its Kedushah under any circumstances (Rosh Hashanah 28a).

37) [line 41] SHE'HENICHAH AL PI ARUBAH - he placed it on top of an aperture/skylight in the roof

38) [line 46] ASHGUCHEI LO ASHGACH BEI - he did not pay attention to him
39) [last line] HEKDESH SHE'LO MI'DA'AS K'HEDYOT MI'DA'AS DAMI - what is done to Hekdesh without its knowledge is comparable to what was done to a private person with his knowledge (for the Almighty is omniscient -- Rashi)

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