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1) [line 2] ADUDAH - (a) the carcass of the dead animal (RASHI); (b) according to the Girsa *ARURAH* - (lit. the cursed one) the animal that died without having been slaughtered and having a blessing uttered upon its Shechitah (TOSFOS, first explanation); (c) according to the Girsa *ADURAH* (with an Ayin) - the one that was lost [from the flock] (TOSFOS, 2nd explanation, RABEINU CHANANEL); (d) according to the Girsa *ADURAH* (with an Alef) - the pelt or hide [of the dead animal] (ARUCH, Erech "Adar")
2) [line 11] A'GUDA - on the ridge [of the well]
5) [line 16] ABA - Rav. Rav is called Aba (a) as a title of authority, since Rav was older than Shmuel (RASHI to Yevamos 57b); (b) because that was his name (ARUCH, Erech Abaye, cited by TOSFOS to Chulin 38a DH Itztrich)
6) [line 19] NARGA - an ax
8a) [line 27] SHILYA - placenta (common translation); fetal membranes in which the fetus forms, which are attached to the placenta (RASHI; TOSFOS Nidah 18a DH Shilya and numerous Rishonim)
b) [line 27] SHILYAH SHE'YATZESAH MIKTZASAH...MONIN LAH MIN HA'RISHON (YEMEI
TUM'AH V'TAHARAH SHEL YOLEDES)
9) [line 33] SHILYA SHE'YATZESAH MIKTZASAH ASURAH B'ACHILAH - if the Shilya of a Kosher animal came out (even partially) before the Shechitah of the mother, one may not eat the fetus. (The mother's Shechitah permits eating whatever part of the fetus that is still inside the womb; whatever came out needs its own Shechitah. However, if the part of the Shilya that came out contained the head, the entire fetus is considered born and is no part of it is included in the Shechitah of the mother.
10) [line 34] SIMAN VELAD - [the Shilya coming out is] an indication that there was a birth [with regard to both human and animals]
11a) [line 3] BECHOR (BECHOR ADAM: PIDYON HA'BEN - the redemption of the
b) [line 3] BECHOR SHE'NITRAF B'SOCH SHELOSHIM YOM - (a) a Bechor who was killed before thirty days elapsed since his birth (RASHI); (b) a Bechor who developed the signs of being a Tereifah within thirty days of his birth (even if he lived for a long time afterwards) (TOSFOS citing Rabeinu Tam, ROSH)
12) [line 4] "..ACH PADOH SIFDEH ES BECHOR HA'ADAM..." - "'Every thing that opens the womb in all flesh, which they bring to HaSh-m, whether it is of men or beasts, shall be yours;] nevertheless the first born of man shall you surely redeem, [and the firstling of unclean beasts shall you redeem." (Bamidbar 18:15)
13) [line 6] BEHEMAH GASAH - a large farm animal such as a cow
14) [line 7] MESHICHAH
1. Hagbahah, i.e. lifting the item;(c) The Amora'im (Bava Metzia 47b) argue as to whether Kinyan Meshichah is recognized by the Torah, or whether it is a Rabbinic institution which was established in order to replace the Kinyan of Kesef (which *is* recognized by the Torah but which was invalidated by the Rabanan). According to those who maintain that Kinyan Meshichah is mid'Oraisa, its source in the Torah is from the verse "Kanoh *mi'Yad* Amisecha" (Vayikra 25:14), which implies that one may transfer property by *handing* it over to the buyer (Bava Metzia ibid.).
(d) Meshichah can only accomplish a Kinyan in a private or semi-private area (such as an alleyway), but not in Reshus ha'Rabim. It may be accomplished not only by *pulling* the object towards one's self, but even by causing it to come towards one's self, such as by calling an animal and causing it to come closer.
15) [line 7] MESIRAH - handing over the reins of an animal in order to acquire it (see previous entry)
16) [line 9] HAGBAHAH - lifting up an object in order to acquire it (see above, entry #14)
17) [line 13] GEDOL ACHEI - the oldest brother, who was managing the estate. The brothers were happy to provide him with nice clothes in order that he is respected in the marketplace.
18) [line 15] SHOMER (4 SHOMRIM - four types of watchmen mentioned in the Torah)
(a) SHOMER CHINAM - the Shomer Chinam is one who watches his friend's item for no reimbursement. He is liable for damages only in cases of Peshi'ah (negligence), but not in cases of theft or loss, and certainly not in a case of Ones (an unavoidable accident).19) [line 20] AT MEHEIMNAS LI BI'SHEVU'AH - I trust you with a Shevuah. This claim prevents a Shomer from giving the item that he was guarding to another Shomer. The owner can claim that in the eventuality that something happens to the item and the second Shomer must swear, he never put his trust in that Shomer
20) [line 26] GOVIN MIN HA'AVADIM - a loan can be collected by taking possession of the slave of the debtor
21) [line 27] MINEI?! AFILU MI'GELIMA D'AL KASPEI! - From him (the debtor himself)?! He must pay his loans even if he has to take the shirt off of his back!
22) [line 29] APOTIKI A person may designate one of his pieces of land or possessions (in this case, a slave) as security for a loan that he received or a debt that he owes without placing it in the possession of the creditor. This creates a Shi'abud, or lien, on the object, such that if the debt is not otherwise repaid, the creditor can collect his debt from the security. Such a security is called an "Apotiki." The debtor may specify (if the creditor agrees) that the creditor may *only* collect his debt from the Apotiki. In such a case, if it becomes impossible to collect the debt from the Apotiki, the debtor is no longer liable to the creditor.
23) [last line] HA, IS LEI KOLA V'HA, LEIS LEI KOLA - (lit. this has a voice while that has no voice) the information about the sale of the slave will become well known whereas the information about the sale of the ox will not become well known