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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Berachos 58


(a) The curse of Bavel is also a curse for all its neighbors. When Shomron (the ten tribes) is cursed, what happens to all its neighbors?

(b) When does one recite the Berachah 'Baruch ... Chacham ha'Razim', and what is its significance?

(c) And when does one recite the Berachah 'Bushah Imchem' etc.?

(d) What did Ben Azai mean when, after seeing such a group and reciting the Berachah, he added 'u'Varuch she'Bara Kol Eileh Leshamsheini'?

(a) What contrast did Ben Azai strike between a good guest and a bad one?

(b) To whom does the Pasuk in Shmuel refer, when it writes "ve'ha'Ish bi'Yemei Shaul Zaken, Ba ba'Anashim", and what does it mean?

(c) There is no Din of Uchlusin in Bavel. How many people constitute Uchlusei Yisrael?

(a) When one sees a Jewish Chacham, he recites the Berachah 'Baruch ... she'Chalak mei'Chochmaso li'Yerei'av'. What does he say when he sees a non-Jewish Chacham?

(b) What does one say when he sees a Jewish or a non-Jewish king - respectively.

(a) In what context did that Tzedoki say to Rav Sheishes 'Chatzvi le'Nahara, Kagni Laya'?

(b) How did Rav Sheishes prove him wrong?

(c) What comment did he make when the King arrived, and Rav Sheishes recited the Berachah?

(d) What happened to that Tzedoki?

(a) Rav Shiloh lashed the man who had relations with a gentile woman. How did he justify doing this without the King's authority?

(b) Why was the King so pleased with him that he gave him the authority even to sentence offenders of the law, to death?

(c) How did he explain his apparent lie to the Tzedoki, and what made him decide to kill him?

(d) From where in the Torah do we learn 'ha'Ba Lehorgecha, Hashkem Lehorgo'?

(a) Why did Rav Shiloh pick that moment to Darshen the Pasuk in Divrei ha'Yamim - "Lecha Hashem ha'Gedulah" etc.?

(b) According to his explanation, what do "ha'Gedulah" and "ve'ha'Gevurah" respectively refer to?

"ve'ha'Tif'eres, ve'ha'Netzach ve'ha'Hod" refer to the sun and the moon, victory and a battle respectively.
(c) Which episode of the sun and moon, and which victory and battle are meant here?

(d) "Min ha'Shamayim, Nilchamu ha'Kochavim mi'Mesilosam" (Shoftim) is the battle hinted in "Ki Chol ba'Shamayim u'va'Aretz". Which battle is that?

(e) And which battle does "Lecha Hashem ha'Mamlachah" refer to?

(a) Which important lesson do we learn from "Lecha Hashem ha'Mamlachah"?

(b) Rebbi Akiva learns that "ha'Gedulah" refers to Keri'as Yam-Suf, "ve'ha'Gevurah", to Makas Bechoros, and "ve'ha'Tif'eres", to Matan Torah. What then, do "ve'ha'Netzach, ve'ha'Hod" refer to?

Answers to questions



(a) When one sees the houses of Yisrael built-up and inhabited, he recites the Berachah 'Baruch ... Matziv Gevul Almanah'. Which Berachah does he recite when he sees them in a state of destruction?

(b) When does one say ...

1. ... 'Beis Ge'im Yisach Hashem?
2. ... 'Keil Nekamos Hashem, Keil Nekamos Hofi'a'?
(a) What effect does sighing have on a person?

(b) What was so special about the household of Rav Chanah bar Chanilai, that caused Rav Chisda to sigh when he saw it in a state of destruction?

(c) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Yeshayah "... Im Lo Batim Rabim le'Shamah Yihyu, Gedolim ve'Tovim Me'ein Yoshev"?

(d) The remedy to this lies in the Pasuk in Tehilim "Shir ha'Ma'alos le'David, ha'Botchim ba'Hashem *ke'Har Tziyon*". What does that Pasuk teach us?

(e) But all this proved no consolation to Rav Chisda. So what did Ula then say to him?

(a) Upon seeing Jewish graves, one recites 'Baruch ... Asher Yatzar Eschem ba'Din, ve'Zan Eschem ba'Din, ve'Chilkel Eschem ba'Din, ve'Asaf Eschem ba'Din ...'. What is the next phrase?

(b) Rav Nachman adds 've'Yodei'a Mispar Kulchem, ve'Hu Asid Lehachayoschem u'Lekayem Eschem'. How does the Berachah conclude?

(c) Which Berachah does one recite when one sees a good friend whom one has not seen ...

1. ... for thirty days?
2. ... for one year?
(a) "Nishkachti ke'Mes mi'Lev, Hayisi ki'Chli Oved" (Tehilim). What is the Halachic significance of the second half of the Pasuk?

(b) What do we learn from it with regard to the *first* half ?

(c) Which two Berachos did Rav Papa and Rav Huna Brei de'Rav Yehoshua recite when they saw Rav Chanina Brei de'Rav Ika, and what did he respond?

(d) What happened next?

(a) What kind of person would one need to see, in order to recite ...
1. ... 'Baruch ... Meshaneh ha'Beri'os'?
2. ... 'Baruch ... Dayan ha'Emes'?
(b) When would one recite 'Meshaneh ha'Beri'os' over a person who is covered with freckles?

(c) What is the proof that the Beraisa of ' es ha'Kite'a ve'es ha'Suma ... ve'es ha'Bahakanim', speaks when they were stricken only afterwards?

(d) Kite'a in the Beraisa means that his hands have been cut off. What does it usually mean?

(a) Over which kind of creatures that were not human, would they recite 'Baruch ... Meshaneh ha'Beri'os'?

(b) Over what would one recite the Berachah 'Baruch ... she'Kachah Lo Olamo'?

(c) Shmuel describes 'Zikin' in our Mishnah as a 'Kochva de'Shavit'. What is a Kochva de'Shavit'?

(d) He also claimed that 'Nehirin Li Shevili de'Shemaya, ki'Shevilin de'Neherda'a'. What does this mean?

(e) With which aspect of astronomy did he confess to be unacquainted?

Answers to questions

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