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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Berachos 47


(a) When are the participants permitted to eat?
Rav Safra changed the initial quotation from 'le'Echol Klum' to 'li'Te'om Klum'.
(b) How significant is that change?

(c) Regarding the laws of eating ethics, what distinction is drawn between two people eat together or three?

(d) Who has the first right to serve himself from the communal dish?

2) The person who recites the Berachah should wait for *most* of the participants to have answered 'Amen' before serving himself from the communal dish.
Why not for *all* the participants?

3) One is forbidden to answer 1. an Amen Chatufah; 2. an Amen Ketufah; 3. an Amen Yesomah.

(a) What do these mean?

(b) And what will happen to someone who transgresses them?

(c) What is the meaning of 've'Lo Yizrok Berachah mi'Piv'?

(d) What is the reward due to someone who takes his time to answer 'Amen' properly.

(a) If two people have finished their meal, and a third person now wishes to join them and make up a Mezuman, may he do so?
If two people ate together and a third more prominent person comes to join them after they have finished their meal, there are two opinions as to who Bensches Mezuman.
(b) What are the two opinions?

(c) What is the Gemara's conclusion?

5) We learnt in our Mishnah that someone who ate Demai, may Bensch Mezuman.
(a) What problem does the Gemara have with that?

(b) How does the Gemara resolve it?

The Mishnah also permits someone who ate Ma'aser Rishon whose Terumah was taken to Bensch Mezuman.
(c) But is that not obvious? What is the Chidush?

(d) In this same context, what do we learn from the Pasuk in Bamidbar "mi'Kol Ma'asroseichem Tarimu", and what is the difference between the two cases?

Answers to questions



(a) What is the Chidush of our Mishnah, which permits someone who ate Ma'aser Sheini and Hekdesh which were redeemed to Bensch Mezuman?

(b) And what is the Chidush in permitting the Shamash to Bensch?

(c) If an Am ha'Aretz is not permitted to Bensch Mezuman, then why is a Kuti - according to Abaye?

According to Rava, even a Kuti who is an Am ha'Aretz may Bensch.
(d) How do we reconcile that with the Beraisa, which forbids an Am ha'Aretz to Bensch Mezuman? About which kind of Mitzvos are the Kutim more particular than we are?
7) The non-recital of Keri'as Shema, not wearing Tzitzis or Tefilin, not putting up a Mezuzah and not bringing up one's children to study Torah are all criteria (according to different opinions) which determine who is an Am ha'Aretz.
The final opinion (which is also Halachah) is that of Acheirim.
(a) What does Acheirim hold?

(b) Who was Rav Menashyah bar Tachlifa, and what is the connection between him and the death of Rami bar Chama?

8) The Mishnah disqualifies someone who ate Tevel, from Bensching Mezuman.
(a) But is that not obvious? Why should it *not* be a Zimun ha'Ba'ah ba'Aveirah, which is not considered a Berachah, but an insult?

(b) For the same reason, why need the Tana inform us that someone who ate Ma'aser Rishon whose Terumah was not taken, cannot Bensch Mezuman?

Neither can someone who ate Ma'aser Rishon or Hekdesh which was not redeemed Bensch Mezuman.
(c) Here too, is that not obvious?

(d) What is the Tana being Mechadesh when he writes that a Shamash who ate less than a Kezayis cannot Bensch Mezuman?

(e) And is there any point in inserting a non-Jew in the list of those who cannot Bensch Mezuman?

(a) What did Rav Asi mean when he permitted a baby in his cot to combine to make up a Mezuman?
Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi permitted a slave to combine to a Mezuman of ten.
(b) What is the problem with this, from the story with Rebbi Eliezer?

(c) How does the Gemara solve this problem?

(d) What about the Asei of 'le'Olam Bahem Ta'avodu'?

(a) What advantage do the first ten people to arrive in Shul have?

(b) When, according to Rav Huna, are nine people permitted to Bensch Mezuman with the name 'Elokim'?

(c) And when, according to Rav Asi, may two people Bensch Mezuman?

(d) What is a 'Katan Porei'ach', and what does Rebbi Yochanan say about him?

11) The Gemara rejects all of the above cases.
(a) What does the Gemara conclude?

(b) What caused Rabba to announce that both Abaye and Rava were destined to become Rabbanan?

(c) What is the meaning of 'Butzin Butzin mi'Katfei Yadi'a'?

Answers to questions

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