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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Berachos 31


(a) What did Mar Brei de'Ravina do, when he saw the Rabbanan rejoicing excessively at his son's wedding?

(b) What did Rav Hamnuna the younger sing at the same wedding, and what was the refrain?

(c) What did Rebbi Yochanan quoting Rebbi Shimon, learn from the Pasuk in Tehilim "Az Yimalei Sechok Pinu"?

(d) What was Resh Lakish's reaction, when he heard this from his Rebbe?

2) According to the Beraisa, the criterion for beginning Amidah is not Koved Rosh, nor is it Din or a Devar Halachah.
(a) What then, is it?

(b) Why can the latter two not be criteria for beginning the Amidah?

One of the examples of Halachah is 'ha'Meikiz Dam li'Beheimas Kodshim, Asur be'Hana'ah, u'Mo'alin Bah.'
(c) How does this tie up with the Din that there is no Me'ilah on the blood of Kodshim?
3) In yet another Beraisa, the criterion that leads to Tefilah is 'Simchah shel Mitzvah'.
(a) How de *we* fulfill this criterion?
The criterion for taking leave from a friend is a Devar Halachah
(b) Which Devar Halachah did Rav Kahana and Rav Shimi bar Ashi discuss, when, as the latter was leaving Bavel, they arrived at 'those date-palms of Bavel'?
(c) What do we learn from the Pasuk "Tachin Libam, Takshiv Oznecha?

(d) How did Rebbi Akiva's Tefilah at home differ dramatically from his Tefilah in Shul, and why the difference?

(a) What do we learn from the following Pesukim in Daniel
1. "ve'Keivan Pesichan Lei"?
2. " ve'Zimnin Telasa" ... "Di Hu Avdas mi'Kadmas Dena"?
(b) From where do we know that one cannot Daven all three Tefilos consecutively?

(c) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Shmuel "li'Shemo'a El ha'Rinah ve'El ha'Tefilah"?

(d) What may one say ...

... after 'Emes ve'Yatziv'?
... in 'Shomei'a Tefilah'
... After the last Berachah of the Amidah?
5) We learn many things from Chanah and from her Tefilah:
(a) What do we learn from the following
1. "ve'Chanah Hi Medaberes Al Libah"?
2. " Rak Sefaseha Na'os"?
3. "ve'Kolah Lo Yishama"?
(b) From where do we learn that someone who is drunk is forbidden to Daven?

(c) From where do we learn that one is obligated to point out unsavory behaviour to the person who is guilty of it?

(d) What did Chanah mean when she said to Eli "Lo Adoni" (two explanations)?

Answers to questions


6) What do we learn from Chanah, who said ...

(a) ... "ve'Yayin ve'Sheichar Lo Shosisi"?

(b) ... "Al Titein Lifnei Bas Beliya'al?

And what do we learn from Eli ha'Kohen's reply ...
(c) ... "Lechi le'Shalom"?

(d) ... "v'Elokei Yisrael Yitein es Sheilasech"?

(a) Why did Chanah refer to Hashem as 'Tzevakos' (as opposed to any other Name of Hashem)?

(b) And what did she mean when she said (using a double expression) "Im Ra'oh Sir'eh"?

(c) Why do some opinions disagree with this explanation, and what will they do with "Im Ra'oh Sir'eh"?

(d) Why did Chana refer to herself three times as 'Amashecha'?

8) Chanah asked Hashem for "Zera Anashim" (in the plural).
(a) Since this can hardly be understood literally, what *did* Chanah mean with this (three explanations)?
We learn from the Pasuk "Ani ha'Ishah ha'Nitzeves Imchah ba'Zeh", that it is forbidden to sit within four Amos of someone who is Davening.
(b) How is this derived from those words?

(c) How does one explain the juxtaposition of "va'Yishchatu es ha'Par" and "va'Yavi'u es ha'Na'ar El Eli"?

(d) And how do these two Pesukim connect with "El ha'Na'ar ha'Zeh Hispalalti"?

(a) What did Chanah have in mind, when she spoke 'Al Libah'?

(b) What do we learn from the words "va'Tispalel Chanah *Al* Hashem"?

(c) What did Eliyahu mean when he said to Hashem "ve'Ata Hasibosa es Libam Achoranis"?

(d) What was Hashem' reply?

(a) What does someone achieve by fasting on Shabbos (after a bad dream)?

(b) Why should he then be punishable?

(c) How does one rectify this?

Answers to questions

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