Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
1) 'Whoever speaks evil about a deceased person, may as well speak about a stone'.
(a) What else could this statement mean, besides that the dead do not know what one says about them?2)
(a) What do the following have in common?Akavya ben Mahalal'el said 'Dugma Hishkuhu!'1. Someone who takes washing one's hands for bread lightly;(b) From where do we learn each one (The sources of 1. and 2. are deliberately exchanged)?
(c) What does this mean?3)
(a) Why did Rebbi Elazar not add to the list of twenty-four sources for which he was searching, the Beraisa in which Shimon ben Shetach told Todos from Rome, that, had he not been Todos, he would have declared on him a Niduy, for what he did?4) How is it, that Rebbi Yeshoshua ben Levi found twenty-four sources of Niduy li'Chevod ha'Rav in the Mishnah, whilst Rebbi Elazar could only find three?
(a) Under which circumstances is it permitted to carry out a dead person for burial, close to the time of Keriyas Shema?If one is in the process of eulogizing a dead person who is lying there, the people present leave the room one by one to recite the Shema.
(c) What will be the Din if the deceased is not lying in front of them during the Hesped, and what does the mourner do and say during that time?6) Yisrael made a statement (quoted in Yeshayah) "Kim'at ki'Sedom Hayinu".
(a) What was the Navi's response?7) We learnt in our Mishnah that someone who is able to conclude the Shema before reaching the rows, should begin.
What will be the Din if one is able to complete one paragraph and even one Pasuk, should he do so?
(a) What was the procedure of 'making the row' in the times of the Gemara?According to the Tana Kama, those who could see the mourners faces were Patur from Keriy'as Shema, but not those who couldn't.
(b) What does Rebbi Yehudah hold in this regard?9)
(a) What does the Gemara learn from the Pasuk in Mishlei "Ein Chochmah, ve'Ein Eitzah ve'Ein Tevunah Neged Hashem"?10)
(a) In light of "Ein Chochmah" etc., what is the meaning of 'Gadol Kavod ha'Beriyos, she'Docheh es Lo Sa'aseh she'ba'Torah'?11)
(a) When is it permitted to refrain from returning a lost article because of Kavod ha'Beriyos?12) The Torah writes (with regard to the prohibition of a Kohen making himself Tamei for a deceased relative) "Al Nefesh Meis Lo Yavo. le'Aviv u'le'Imo, le'Achiv ve'la'Achoso". We learn from "Aviv, Imo and Achiv" (which are all superfluous), that even a Kohen, and even a Kohen Gadol who is a Nazir is permitted to bury a Meis Mitzvah.
(a) What is a Meis Mitzvah?