Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
(a) Why do Beis Shamai not accept Beis Hillel's interpretation of "u've'Shochbecha" and "u've'Kumecha"?2)
(a) Why is an Aveil (who is worried about his deceased relative) not exempt from all the Mitzvos?3)
(a) What did Rebbi Yishmael do, when the time of Keri'as Shema shel Arvis arrived, that aggravated Rebbi Elazar ben Azarya?4) Rav Yechezkel quotes a Beraisa, that whether one does like Beis Shamai or like Beis Hillel, one is Yotze.
(a) What does Rav Yosef say to that, and what is his proof from a Mishnah in Succah?Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak goes even further.
(b) What does *he* say, and what source does he bring from our Mishnah?5)
(a) To which two Berachos is the Mishnah referring, when it writes 'one long Berachah and one short one'?
6) 'Oseh Shalom u'Vorei es ha'Kol' has been changed from the original wording in Yeshayah, which reads "u'Vorei Ra".
(a) Why did Chazal change it?7) Various Amora'im and the Tana Kama say that, the second Berachah of Birchos Keri'as Shema is 'Ahavah Raba'.
(a) What do the Rabbanan in the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in Yirmiyah "Ahavas Olam Ahavtich"?8) Rav Huna rules that one recites Birchas ha'Torah only when one studies Tenach, according to Rebbi Elazar, also for Medrash; whilst Rebbi Yochanan includes even Mishnah. They all agree however, that learning Gemara does not require Birchos ha'Torah.
The ruling however, is like Rava.
(a) What does Rava say?9) After the Kohanim had arranged the limbs on the ramp and salted them, they would gather in the Lishkas ha'Gazis to read the Shema. The Memuneh would then tell them to recite one Berachah, after which they would read the three Parshiyos of the Shema.
(a) Who was the Memuneh, and what is the meaning of 'one Berachah'?10) Nobody seemed to know which of the Birchos Shema the Kohanim would recite. Eventually, Shmuel said 'Ahavah Rabah'.
(a) What did Rebbi Zerika, quoting Resh Lakish, say?Apparently, Resh Lakish did not actually say this expressly, but we deduce it from another statement that he made.
(b) What was that statement, and how do we deduce from it what Resh Lakish holds?