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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Berachos 4

1) Others say that both Moshe Rabeinu and David ha'Melech both knew exactly when midnight was.

(a) Why then, did David require a harp?

(b) And why did Moshe say "ka'Chatzos Layla" (two answers)

(c) Why is it a good idea to train oneself to say 'I don't know'?

(a) For which two reasons did David ha'Melech refer to himself as a Chasid?

(b) Who were Mefivoshes and Kil'av, what do their names mean and what is the connection between them. What was Kil'av's real name?

(a) How could David call himself a Chasid, when elsewhere, he expresses doubts whether he was due to receive a portion in the World to Come?

(b) What do we learn from "Ad Ya'avor Amcha Hashem, Ad Ya'avor Am Zu Kanisa", and why did it not happen?

Answers to questions


4) The Rabbanan hold that one may recite the Shema until midnight.

(a) Do they hold in principle, like Rebbi Eliezer or like Rabbanan Gamliel?

(b) Then in which point do they argue with him?

(a) What should be a worker's order of priorities when he arrives home in the evening after work?

(b) Why did Chazal say here, more than anywhere else, that someone who transgresses the words of the Chachamim, is Chayav Misah?
(two answers)

6) According to Rebbi Yochanan, the obligation of putting Ge'ulah next to Tefilah applies to Ma'ariv as much as it does to Shachris.
(a) What does Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi hold in this matter?

(b) What is the logical basis of their Machlokes?

(c) What will be their point of argument if it is based on the Hekesh of "u've'Shochbecha" to "u've'Kumecha"?

(a) Why is 'Hashkiveinu' not an interruption between 'Ga'al Yisrael' and Tefilah?

(b) How does the Gemara prove this from Shachris, where a similar concept applies?

(a) What reward is due to someone who recites 'Ashrei' (Tehilah le'David) three times each day?

(b) Why is the Nun missing from the opening letters of the Pesukim?

(c) How did David ha'Melech nevertheless cleverly hint it in the very same Pasuk, and how is the same idea expressed in the Pasuk "Naflah Lo Sosif Kum Besulas Yisrael"?

The opening letters of all the Pesukim of Chapter 119 in Tehilim ("Ashrei Temimei Derech") follow the Alef-Beis eight times.
Hallel ha'Gadol contains the phrase "Nosein Lechem le'Chol Basar" (which is similar to "Posei'ach es Yadecha").
(d) Why then, did the Anshei Keneses ha'Gedolah choose "Ashrei" rather than one of them?
(a) If Micha'el is 'in one' and Gavriel 'in two', then how many would one ascribe to Eliyahu and the Angel of Death, and what are we talking about?

(b) When is the Angel of Death 'in one'?

(a) From where do we learn the obligation to repeat the Shema before going to bed?

(b) Does this obligation also apply to a Talmid Chacham?

Answers to questions

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