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THOUGHTS ON THE DAILY DAF
brought to you by Kollel Iyun Hadaf of Har Nof
Rosh Kollel: Rav Mordecai Kornfeld
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1) "PAS HA'BA'AH B'KISNIN"
OPINIONS: The Gemara concludes that for Pas ha'Ba'ah b'Kisnin (lit. "bread
that is served with condiments," from the word "Koses" which means to chew
on a snack) one does not recite "ha'Motzi" or Birkas ha'Mazon, but instead
one recites "Borei Minei Mezonos." However, if one bases his meal on Pas
ha'Ba'ah b'Kisnin (by eating an amount that is as much as people normally
eat when they eat a full meal), then one does recite "ha'Motzi." What is
Pas ha'Ba'ah b'Kisnin?
There are three basic opinions among the Rishonim:
(a) RABEINU CHANANEL (cited in Rabeinu Yonah), the RASHBA, and the TUR
explain that this refers to bread rolls made like pockets that are *filled
with* sugar (or honey), nuts, and various types of condiments.
HALACHAH: The BEIS YOSEF (OC 168; see also SHULCHAN ARUCH 168:7) writes
that since the exact definition of Pas ha'Ba'ah b'Kisnin is in doubt, and
blessings are d'Rabanan, one recites "ha'Motzi" and Birkas ha'Mazon on
*any* of the three types of foods mentioned above only if one makes a meal
out of one of them. Otherwise, we consider them possible Pas ha'Ba'ah
b'Kisnin and we only make a Borei Minei Mezonos on them.
(b) The RAMBAM (Hilchos Berachos 3:9) explains that Pas ha'Ba'ah b'Kisnin
refers to dough that was *kneaded* with honey, oil, milk, or that was mixed
with seasonings and then baked. The BEIS YOSEF (OC 168) explains that even
though the dough also contains water, if the other ingredients give it a
noticeable taste such that people do not base their meals on it, it is
still considered Pas ha'Ba'ah b'Kisnin. RASHI (41b, DH Pas ha'Ba'ah
b'Kisnin) seems to require that the dough be kneaded with a very large
amount of extra condiments in order to be considered Pas ha'Ba'ah b'Kisnin.
The REMA (OC 168:7) cites Rashi as requiring the honey or other condiments
in the bread to be almost the main ingredient and to give the strongest
(c) RAV HAI GA'ON as cited in the ARUCH explains that Pas ha'Ba'ah b'Kisnin
is dough that was made into a hard, crispy bread (such as crackers or
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