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Berachos 61

***************GIRSA SECTION********************
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, Rav B. Rensburg and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in Gemara, Rashi or Tosfos.)

[1] Gemara 61b [line 13]:
"v'Amar Rava, Lo Ivri Alma ... l'Tzadikei Gemurei"
The Maharsha points out that these words do not appear in the Yalkut or in
Ein Yakov. Accordingly, the next line in the Gemara, "Amar Rava, Leida
Inish b'Nafshei Im ..." is Rava's answer to Abaye's question. (In Dikdukei
Sofrim the Girsa is "*Yode'a* Inish ...")

*1*) [line 7] MAI DI'CHSIV "VA'YITZER ..." - This appears to have been brought in reference to the end of the Mishnah, "b'Shnei Yitzrecha ..."

2) [line 8] SHNEI YETZARIM - two Inclinations
*3*) [line 34] MELAMED SHE'KAL'AH - A braid comes out nicely only when another person does it for the woman (Shabbos 95a). HaSh-m made Chava's braids so that they should look pretty, and Adam should be attracted to her. (M. Kornfeld)

4) [line 39] SHOSHVIN - best man (the bridegroom's friend who arranges the wedding)
5) [line 49] D'LO DARI MIDI - he is not carrying anything
6) [line 52] SHNEI MIFTECHAI HA'LEV - two openings/valves of the heart
7) [line 52] "ZEVUVEI MAVES YAV'ISH YABI'A SHEMEN ROKE'ACH" - "Dead flies cause the perfumer's oil to putrefy and spoil" (Koheles 10:1)


8) [line 2] MARAH - gallbladder
9) [line 2] TECHOL - spleen

10a) [line 3] KURKEVAN - usually the gizzard (the second stomach of a bird). In this context it appears to refer to the stomach.
b) [line 3] KEIVAH - usually the stomach. In this context it appears to refer to either the small intestine or the duodenum

11) [line 3] AF NEI'OR - the nose awakens him from his sleep
12) [line 3] NEI'OR HA'YASHEN, YASHEN HA'NEI'OR - when the nose causes him to sleep, *and* the stomach (see above, #10b) awakens him; alt. when the nose, along with the stomach, cause him to sleep, *or* the stomach, along with the nose, awaken him

13) [line 4] NIMOK V'HOLECH LO - the person dies due to a slow and debilitating illness

14) [line 15] LEIDA INISH B'NAFSHEI - a person should know himself
15) [line 36] RESHASOS - nets
*16*) [line 37] KESHEM SHE'DARU AVOSAI - These words have allegorical meaning only. They were added in the parable to preserve the consistency of the allegory.

17) [line 41] MI HEVI'ACHA L'CHAN? - Rebbi Akiva asked Papus, "Who brought you here?" i.e. Why are you in prison?

*18*) [line 42] SHE'NITPAS AL DEVARIM BETEILIM - According to the Vilna Ga'on, he was the same Papus that was imprisoned and martyred in a successful attempt to save the Jews of Eretz Yisrael from a blood libel (Ta'anis 18b)

19) [line 43] MASREKOS SHEL BARZEL - iron combs for flaying
20) [line 48] LO YAKEL ADAM ES ROSHO - (a) a person should not act with lightheadedness, flippancy (RASHI);
(b) a person should not stand undressed (RITVA);
(c) a person should not walk haughtily, with an erect stance. He should rather walk humbly, with his head slightly bowed (RABEINU CHANANEL)

21) [line 49] HA'TZOFIM - the name of a village on a mountain from where the Beis ha'Mikdash can be seen

22) [line 53] TZEDADIN - the areas of Yehudah that are not directly east or west of the Beis ha'Mikdash and the areas of the Galil that are not directly north of the Beis ha'Mikdash

23) [line 57] HAVU SHADYAN LEI LIVNEI - bricks were arranged for him
24) [line 58] TARTZANHU - he put them back in their original position

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