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Berachos 50

***************GIRSA SECTION********************
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, Rav B. Rensburg and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in Gemara, Rashi or Tosfos.)

[1] Tosfos 50a DH Aval, at the end:
The words "*v'Rashi* Lo Piresh Ken"
should be "*v'Ri* [=Rabeinu Yehudah] Lo Piresh Ken"
This seems to be the correct Girsa, but see Divrei Nechemya
(printed in our Gemaros after Maseches Berachos).

[2] Hagahos ha'Gra [on Rashi] 50b #2, 3
The Vilna Ga'on intends to argue with Rashi rather than to explain Rashi
(as he does many times in Hagahos ha'Gra). That is why he erased these words.

1) [line 7] NAKDANIN - punctual people (Rashi); boorish people (Tosfos citing Aruch)

*2*) [line 22] AL HA'MAZON SHE'ACHALNU, HAREI ZEH BUR - (a) since he did not say "mi'Shelo", and it is not clear that he is thanking HaSh-m (RASHI);
(b) since it seems like he is praising his host, because he only mentioned food. Were he praising HaSh-m, he would have much more to be thankful for (TOSFOS DH Al)

3) [line 37] D'AVSHEI KULEI ALMA - everyone is making noise
4) [line 39] INUN NAFKIN B'ZIMUN DIDEI - They have fulfilled their obligation of Zimun, even though the third person already said Birkas ha'Mazon before he answered their Zimun

5) [line 39] EIN ZIMUN L'MAFRE'A
A person cannot fulfill his obligation of Zimun after he said Birkas ha'Mazon.

6) [line 40] KAM, KARA B'SIFRA - he got up and read in the Torah
7) [line 42] PASYA UCHMA - black pot


8) [line 1] V'AZMUN ALAIHU - and made a Zimun with them

9) [line 6] TEHORAH
A utensil is considered ready to receive Tum'ah only after it is completely finished. If it breaks and is unusable, it becomes Tahor. Metal and glass utensils that become Tamei may be immersed in a Mikvah to return them to a state of Taharah. An earthenware utensil that becomes Tamei has only the option of being broken. In our Sugya, a bed that was Tamei was cut into two pieces and becomes Tehorah, even after it is put back together. Tosfos DH she'Chilkuhah (1st answer) specifies that if a non-craftsman can put it back together, it remains Tamei.

10) [line 20] KOS SHEL BERACHAH - the cup of wine used for Birkas ha'Mazon
11) [line 23] KURAITEI - (O.F. poison) beverage
12) [line 28] PASAK - he threw
13) [line 29] DISTENA - (O.F. amenestraison) a portion (of cooked meat)
14) [line 36] KELAYOS - parched grains
15) [line 38] GELUSKA'OS - loaves of bread
16a) [line 41] BOL'AN - he swallows them
b) [line 41] POLTAN - he spews them out
c) [line 42] MESALKAN - he moves them to one side of his mouth

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