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Previous dafBerachos 13
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, Rav B. Rensburg
and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is
devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in Gemara,
Rashi or Tosfos.)
 Gemara 13a [line 8,9]:
The words "u'Faga Bo *Ze'ev* ... Paga Bo *Ari*"
should be "u'Faga Bo *Ari* ... Paga Bo *Dov*"
as can be found in Dikdukei Sofrim #100, Tosfos Avodah Zarah 2b and Tosfos
R"I he'Chasid in our Sugya. This sequence is based on the verse in Amos
5:19, "Ari ... Dov ... Nachash."
 Tosfos 13a DH b'Lashon ha'Kodesh:
The words "*Iy Nami* Mikra Bikurim ... *Af Al Pi Chen* b'Chol Lashon Ne'emrah"
should be "Mikra Bikurim ... *Iy Nami* b'Chol Lashon Ne'emrah"
(unlike the Maharsha's Girsa - NIMUKEI HA'GRIV)
 Gemara 13b [line 34]:
The words "ul'Arba Ruchos *ha'Shamayim*"
should be "ul'Arba Ruchos *ha'Olam*"
as the Girsa appears in Dikdukei Sofrim #90, the Rif and the Rosh. This
also appears to be the Girsa of Rashi DH d'Amlichtei. (In fact, we do not
often find reference to the four corners of the *heavens*, but rather the
four corners of the *earth*)
1) [line 6] MILCHEMES GOG U'MAGOG
Magog is first mentioned among the sons of Yefes, son of No'ach, in
Bereishis 10:2. The prophet Yechezkel (chapters 38-39) describes a
cataclysmic war lead by Gog of the land of Magog, where many nations
combine forces to wage war against the land of Yisrael. The prophecy
assures Gog that Hash-m Himself will ruin the war effort and will destroy
all of his multitudes. It is traditionally assumed that this war will take
place at the end of days, preceding the revelation of Hash-m as master of
2a) [line 34] BA'PERAKIM - between the different blessings and the
Parshiyos of Keri'as Shema
b) [line 35] BA'EMTZA - in the middle of a blessing or a Parsha of Keri'as
3) [line 44] MITZVOS TZERICHOS KAVANAH
Whenever a person performs a Mitzvah, he must be aware of the fact that he
is doing a Mitzvah. He cannot do it without thinking about it.
4) [line 45] B'KOREI L'HAGI'AH - when he is reading it in order to make
5) [line 46] B'HAVAYASAN YEHU - they shall be the way the are
6) [line 50] B'CHOL LASHON NE'EMRAH
RASHI, cited by Tosfos DH b'Lashon, explains this to mean that when one is
reading the Torah, he may read it in any language. See Insights.
7) [line 20] SIMAH K'NEGED HA'LEV - the Tefilin Shel Yad have to be put
opposite the heart, on the muscle of the upper arm
8) [line 29] AGMIRU BENAICHU TORAH - teach your sons Torah
9) [line 29] D'LIGRESU BEHU - to the extent that they will be able to say
it over and learn it on their own
10) [line 34] D'AMLICHTEI - you proclaimed Him king
11) [line 35] "AL LEVAVECHA" B'AMIDA - The first Perek of Keri'as Shema,
until the words "Al Levavecha," has to be said while standing in one place
(if the person was walking)
12) [line 40] BAR PACHSEI - the son of great people
13) [line 45] DARU AVDEI - his servant Daru
14) [line 45] B'PESUKA KAMA TZA'ARAN - if I am drowsy during the first
Pasuk, cause me discomfort so that I will say it with full concentration
15) [line 47] PERAKDAN - a person laying on his back (RASHI, TOSFOS Nidah
14a DH a'Parkid); [a person laying face down (ARUCH)]
16) [line 48] MIGNA - to sleep
17) [line 48] LAYIT - cursed
18) [line 48] MATZLI - leans to one side
*19*) [line 49] SHA'ANI REBBI YOCHANAN, D'VA'AL BASAR HU - Rebbi Yochanan
was heavy and found it difficult to turn on his side. Therefore, it was
permitted for him to recite Shema while leaning only partially towards one