REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafBeitzah 37
BEITZAH 36-40 (Siyum!) - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi
publications for these Dafim, for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.
(a) Why did Chazal forbid declaring something Hekdesh on Shabbos and Yom-
(b) They forbade separating Terumos and Ma'asros on Shabbos and Yom-Tov.
it not obvious that that is Asur because it resembles 'Tikun Mana'?
(c) Which kind of tithes *is* one permitted to separate on Shabbos and Yom-
(a) Our Mishnah refers to the first group as 'Shevus', the second as
'Reshus' and the third, as' Mitzvah'.
What problem do we have with that?
(b) How do we resolve it?
(c) It appears from the Tana of our Mishnah that whichever prohibitions
apply on Shabbos, also apply to Yom-Tov. What is the problem with that from
the Mishnah of 'Mashilin Peiros'?
(a) Rav Yosef initially reconciles the two Mishnahs by establishing the
Mishnah of 'Mashilin' like Rebbi Eliezer, and *our* Mishnah, like Rebbi
What does Rebbi Eliezer say with regard to an animal and its
baby that fell into a pit on Yom-Tov?
(b) What does Rebbi Yehoshua hold?
(c) How does Rav Yosef connect the two Mishnahs to the two opinions?
(d) Abaye queries Rav Yosef's comparison, however.
Why might ...
1. ... Rebbi Eliezer (who is strict in the case of 'Oso ve'es Be'no')
concede that lowering fruit via the skylight might be permitted on Yom-Tov?
2. ... Rebbi Yehoshua (who is lenient by 'Oso ve'es Be'no') concede that
lowering fruit might be forbidden?
(a) Rav Papa finally connects our Mishnah and the Mishnah of Mashilin Peiros
with the Machlokes between Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel regarding carrying a
How does he do this? What exactly is the connection?
(b) On what grounds do we overrule the objection that Beis Shamai are only
strict when it comes to *carrying* on Yom-Tov, but maybe in the case of
Mashilin, which is only a matter of *Tiltul* (carrying the fruit), they will
concede that Chazal were lenient?
(a) What is the Techum of animals or vessels on Yom-Tov?
(b) Will it make any difference if the owner hands them to a shepherd or to
his son on Yom-Tov?
(c) If the father dies, up to where may the animals or objects that
currently belong to all the brothers, go?
(d) Under which circumstances will they be permitted to go wherever one of
the brothers may go?
(a) When does a vessel follow the borrower in these matters, and when does
it follow the lender?
Answers to questions
(b) What will be the Din if a woman borrows spices, water or salt from her
friend on Yom-Tov? What will be the Techum of the cooked dish?
(c) What does Rebbi Yehudah say about water?
(d) To what kind of dish does Rebbi Yehudah refer?
(a) Rebbi Dosa (according to others, Aba Shaul) says that if someone buys an
animal *before* Yom-Tov, the animal follows its new owner, even though he
only received it *on* Yom-Tov.
What does he say about a shepherd?
(b) Is it possible to reconcile Rebbi Dosa with our Mishnah, which holds
that, if one gave the animal to the shepherd *on* Yom-Tov, then it will
follow the owner and not the shepherd?
(c) How do we prove that our Mishnah must be speaking in such a case?
(d) Like whom is the Halachah?
(a) What is the Techum of a coat which two people borrowed on Erev Yom-Tov
(one to go to Shul in the morning, the other to go to a Se'udah in the
1. ... if *one of them* made an Eiruv fifteen hundred Amos to the north, and
the *other*, fifteen hundred Amos to the south?
(b) If two people bought a barrel of wine on Erev Yom-Tov, Rav permits each
one, to take his share of the wine to wherever *he* is allowed to go.
2. ... if *one of them* made an Eiruv two thousand Amos to the north, and
the *other*, two thousand Amos to the south?
does Shmuel say? What is the basis of their Machlokes?
(c) On what grounds does Rav concede that if they bought an animal (to
Shecht and divide the meat), that they may only take their respective
portions to whichever area they are *both* permitted to go?
(d) On what grounds did Rav's disciples Rav Kahana and Rav Asi query his
distinction between a barrel of wine and an animal ('le'Isur Muktzah Lo
Chasheshu ... ')?
(a) Rav Hoshaya holds 'Yesh Bereirah' (like Rav - after Rav Kahana and Rav
We try to establish that Rebbi Yochanan holds 'Ein Bereirah' by matters that
are d'Oraysa, and 'Yesh Bereirah' by matters that are de'Rabbanan. We
conclude however, that that cannot be correct, because of what Rebbi
Yochanan himself said with regard to Eiruv Techumin.
What does Rebbi Yochanan hold?
(b) We query the opinion of Rav Hoshaya however, on the basis of a Mishnah
in Ohalos (which we already quoted on Daf 10a, and) which he explains in the
light of 'Ein Bereirah' (as we shall soon see).
How do we initially deal
with this apparent discrepancy?
(c) The Mishnah in Ohalos states that a corpse in the house renders all the
doorways (together with any vessels that are lying there) Tamei. If however,
they decided (according to Beis Hillel, even *after* the man died), that
they would carry him out through a specific doorway, then *that* doorway is
Tamei, but not the others.
To which vessels *does* this apply and to which
does it *not*, according to Rav Hoshaya?
(d) However, that leaves us with a problem in Rebbi Yochanan, who now holds
What is the problem (regarding brothers who divided the
property that they inherited from their father)?
What did he say
regarding the Mishnah in Eiruvin, which permits one of two possible Eiruvin
that a person makes, because he is uncertain whether the Chacham 'will
arrive' in the east or in the west?
Answers to questions