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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Beitzah 34


(a) The Mishnah in Chulin permits Shechting a bird that was trodden on or hit against a wall and survived twenty-four hours.
What is the third case?

(b) What other condition is required for the animal to be potentially forbidden because of 'Risuk Eivarim' (crushed limbs)?

(c) Having Shechted it (without waiting for it to recover) may one then eat it immediately?

(d) Seeing as it requires examination anyway, why does it also need to survive twenty-four hours?

(a) What She'eilah did Rebbi Yirmiyah ask Rebbi Zeira with regard to Shechting such a bird on Yom-Tov? Why should it be any different than all birds and animals, whose lungs also require examination after they have been Shechted?

(b) Rebbi Zeira resolved the She'eilah from our Mishnah, which prohibits the heating of tiles on Yom-Tov.
How did he resolve it from there?

(c) On what grounds did Rebbi Yirmiyah reject Rebbi Zeira's proof?

(a) We learned in a Beraisa that if one person lights the flame, another places wood, a third places the pot on the stove, and a fourth pours in the water, yet another adds spices and another stirs, they are all Chayav (on Shabbos).
How do we reconcile this Beraisa with the Beraisa which states that only the last one is Chayav?

(b) Why is the person who places the empty pot on the stove, Chayav? What Melachah has he performed?

(c) May one move an oven on Shabbos?

(d) On Yom-Tov, smearing it with oil and rubbing it with a cloth are forbidden. Cooling it down with cold water is sometimes forbidden and sometimes permitted.
When is it ...

  1. ... forbidden?
  2. ... permitted?
(a) May one ...
  1. ... boil the head or feet of a bird in boiling water (in order to remove the hair) on Yom-Tov?
  2. ... smear them with lime or earth?
  3. ... remove the hair with scissors?
(b) Is it permitted to cut the leaves off vegetables with the scissors with which one usually cuts them from the ground?

(c) On Yom-Tov, may ...

  1. ... prepare vegetables whose preparation entails a lot of effort?
  2. ... heat up and cook (a large amount of food) in a Purni (an extra large oven - which entails more work than a regular one, because the door is on the *side* rather than *on top*), or in a large water-kettle? - because one may
(d) Why is one not permitted to use a *new* Purni?
(a) Why may one not fan the flames of a fire using bellows?

(b) Is there any alternative method of fanning the flames?

(c) Is one permitted to prepare a spit-rod for roasting, repair or sharpen it, if it could have been done before Yom-Tov?

(d) May one ...

  1. ... break up a bamboo into strips to use as a base for frying? Why is that?
  2. ... break a nut wrapped in a cloth? Does the fact that the cloth may tear make any difference?
(a) To which sort of food does Rebbi Eliezer refer when he permits standing by a Muktzah on Erev Shabbos in the Shmitah-year and designating it verbally?

(b) Why specifically in the Shmitah? Would this not be applicable during one of the other years of the cycle?

(c) What does this have to do with fact that we are talking about a Muktzah?

(d) What do the Rabbanan say? What is the basis of their Machlokes?

Answers to questions



(a) We learned in a Mishnah in Ma'asros that if children put away figs on Erev Shabbos and forgot about them, one may not eat them on Motza'ei Shabbos without Ma'asering them first.
What is this Mishnah coming to teach us?

(b) Why does the Tana mention specifically children?

(c) Another Mishnah there teaches us that if someone puts out figs to dry, his family are permitted to eat them casually without having to separate Ma'asros.
Why is that? What is the difference between figs that one picks to *eat* and those that one picks to *dry*?

(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Yeshayah "ve'Karasa la'Shabbos Oneg"?

(b) Rava asked Rav Nachman whether Shabbos causes Muktzah to become fixed. What exactly, was his She'eilah? What is meant by 'Muktzah' (in this context)?

(c) Rav Nachman replied that is *is*.
What are the ramifications of this ruling?

(d) On what grounds did Rava query him further?

(a) Mar Zutra, Rav Nachman's son, tries to prove his father's point from our Mishnah, where Rebbi Eliezer permits verbal designation on Erev Shabbos in the Sh'mitah-year.
What does Mar Zutra Brei de'Rav Nachman infer from there? How does that prove his father's point?

(b) How do we refute that proof? Why in fact, is there no proof from our Mishnah?

(c) The Gemara asks that, if it is the designation that renders them fixed, then why does the Tana need to mention Shabbos, seeing as the same will apply on a weekday?
What is the Kashya? If it did not mention Shabbos, then why is the Mishnah here and not in Ma'asros?

(d) What is the answer to this question? Why *is* it here and not in Ma'asros?

(a) Why is Tevel not 'Muktzah Machmas Isur' (seeing as it is forbidden to separate Terumos and Ma'asros on Shabbos and Yom-Tov)?

(b) The Tana of our Mishnah means to imply that one is only permitted *to separate Ma'asros* in the Sh'mitah, but not in any other year? How do we know that he is not coming to teach us that the *fruit is permitted* in the Sh'mitah, but is forbidden in other years because it is Muktzah Machmas Isur?

Answers to questions
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