REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafBeitzah 34
(a) The Mishnah in Chulin permits Shechting a bird that was trodden on or
hit against a wall and survived twenty-four hours.
What is the third case?
(b) What other condition is required for the animal to be potentially
forbidden because of 'Risuk Eivarim' (crushed limbs)?
(c) Having Shechted it (without waiting for it to recover) may one then eat
(d) Seeing as it requires examination anyway, why does it also need to
survive twenty-four hours?
(a) What She'eilah did Rebbi Yirmiyah ask Rebbi Zeira with regard to
Shechting such a bird on Yom-Tov? Why should it be any different than all
birds and animals, whose lungs also require examination after they have been
(b) Rebbi Zeira resolved the She'eilah from our Mishnah, which prohibits the
heating of tiles on Yom-Tov.
How did he resolve it from there?
(c) On what grounds did Rebbi Yirmiyah reject Rebbi Zeira's proof?
(a) We learned in a Beraisa that if one person lights the flame, another
places wood, a third places the pot on the stove, and a fourth pours in the
water, yet another adds spices and another stirs, they are all Chayav (on
How do we reconcile this Beraisa with the Beraisa which states
that only the last one is Chayav?
(b) Why is the person who places the empty pot on the stove, Chayav? What
Melachah has he performed?
(c) May one move an oven on Shabbos?
(d) On Yom-Tov, smearing it with oil and rubbing it with a cloth are
forbidden. Cooling it down with cold water is sometimes forbidden and
When is it ...
- ... forbidden?
- ... permitted?
(a) May one ...
(b) Is it permitted to cut the leaves off vegetables with the scissors with
which one usually cuts them from the ground?
- ... boil the head or feet of a bird in boiling water (in order to remove the hair) on Yom-Tov?
- ... smear them with lime or earth?
- ... remove the hair with scissors?
(c) On Yom-Tov, may ...
(d) Why is one not permitted to use a *new* Purni?
- ... prepare vegetables whose preparation entails a lot of effort?
- ... heat up and cook (a large amount of food) in a Purni (an extra large oven - which entails more work than a regular one, because the door is on the *side* rather than *on top*), or in a large water-kettle? - because one may
(a) Why may one not fan the flames of a fire using bellows?
(b) Is there any alternative method of fanning the flames?
(c) Is one permitted to prepare a spit-rod for roasting, repair or sharpen
it, if it could have been done before Yom-Tov?
(d) May one ...
- ... break up a bamboo into strips to use as a base for frying? Why is that?
- ... break a nut wrapped in a cloth? Does the fact that the cloth may tear make any difference?
(a) To which sort of food does Rebbi Eliezer refer when he permits standing
by a Muktzah on Erev Shabbos in the Shmitah-year and designating it
Answers to questions
(b) Why specifically in the Shmitah? Would this not be applicable during one
of the other years of the cycle?
(c) What does this have to do with fact that we are talking about a Muktzah?
(d) What do the Rabbanan say? What is the basis of their Machlokes?
(a) We learned in a Mishnah in Ma'asros that if children put away figs on
Erev Shabbos and forgot about them, one may not eat them on Motza'ei Shabbos
without Ma'asering them first.
What is this Mishnah coming to teach us?
(b) Why does the Tana mention specifically children?
(c) Another Mishnah there teaches us that if someone puts out figs to dry,
his family are permitted to eat them casually without having to separate
Why is that? What is the difference between figs that one picks
to *eat* and those that one picks to *dry*?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Yeshayah "ve'Karasa la'Shabbos Oneg"?
(b) Rava asked Rav Nachman whether Shabbos causes Muktzah to become fixed.
What exactly, was his She'eilah? What is meant by 'Muktzah' (in this
(c) Rav Nachman replied that is *is*.
What are the ramifications of this
(d) On what grounds did Rava query him further?
(a) Mar Zutra, Rav Nachman's son, tries to prove his father's point from our
Mishnah, where Rebbi Eliezer permits verbal designation on Erev Shabbos in
What does Mar Zutra Brei de'Rav Nachman infer from
there? How does that prove his father's point?
(b) How do we refute that proof? Why in fact, is there no proof from our
(c) The Gemara asks that, if it is the designation that renders them fixed,
then why does the Tana need to mention Shabbos, seeing as the same will
apply on a weekday?
What is the Kashya? If it did not mention Shabbos,
then why is the Mishnah here and not in Ma'asros?
(d) What is the answer to this question? Why *is* it here and not in
(a) Why is Tevel not 'Muktzah Machmas Isur' (seeing as it is forbidden to
separate Terumos and Ma'asros on Shabbos and Yom-Tov)?
Answers to questions
(b) The Tana of our Mishnah means to imply that one is only permitted *to
separate Ma'asros* in the Sh'mitah, but not in any other year? How do we
know that he is not coming to teach us that the *fruit is permitted* in the
Sh'mitah, but is forbidden in other years because it is Muktzah Machmas