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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Beitzah 32

BEITZAH 32 (13 Tamuz) has been dedicated in memory of Rebbetzin Chiena Kossowsky A"H by the Shulman and Kossowsky families.


(a) Shmuel permits unraveling and cutting ropes that tie doors of vessels, both on Yom-Tov and on Shabbos.
How does he explain the Beraisa which forbids them on Shabbos?

(b) What problem do we have with establishing the Beraisa like Rebbi Nechemyah?

(c) Who is the author of the Beraisa ...

  1. ... which permits lighting a fire with complete vessels but not with vessels which broke on Yom-Tov?
  2. ... which permits it even with vessels which broke on Yom-Tov?
  3. ... which forbids it even with complete vessels?
(d) How do we reconcile the first Beraisa (in 1a) which quotes Rebbi Nechemyah as being more lenient on Yom-Tov than on Shabbos, with the latter Beraisa (in the previous question in 3) which quotes him as being equally strict on Yom-Tov as on Shabbos?
(a) What is the meaning of 'Ein Pochsin es ha'Ner'? Why is it forbidden?

(b) May one ...

  1. ... make coal on Yom-Tov?
  2. ... cut a wick in two?

(c) How can one get around this latter prohibition, according to Rebbi Yehudah?

(a) According to Rebbi Meir, an earthenware vessel is subject to Tum'ah as soon as it is completed.
When exactly is that?

(b) What does Rebbi Yehoshua say?

(c) Who did Rav Yosef think must be the author of our Mishnah ('Ein Pochsin es ha'Ner')?

(a) According to the second Lashon, Rav Yosef establishes our Mishnah like Rebbi Eliezer b'Rebbi Tzadok (of the Mishnah in Eduyos). The Tana Kama there differentiates between the frying-pans of towns-people and those of city- folk.
Why should there be any difference between them?

(b) What does the Tana Kama say about these pans ...

  1. ... if they under the same roof as a corpse?
  2. ... if a Zav carries them?
(c) What does Rebbi Eliezer b'Rebbi Tzadok say about them?

(d) On what grounds ...

  1. ... does Abaye query Rav Yosef's contention (in both Leshonos)?
  2. ... does the Gemara nevertheless substantiate Rav Yosef?
(a) The Tana Kama forbids making the frying-pans of towns-people on Yom-Tov. What does Raban Shimon ben Gamliel say?

(b) Our Mishnah forbids making coal on Yom-Tov.
What is the use of coal on Yom-Tov anyway?

(c) How can the bath-attendants possibly use coal on Yom-Tov, considering that Chazal forbade bathing on Shabbos and on Yom-Tov?

(a) Rebbi Yehudah permits cutting a wick in two by burning it. What problem do we have with that?

(b) How do we resolve this Kashya?

Answers to questions



(a) What does Rav Nasan bar Aba Amar Rav mean when he says 'Mochtin es ha'Pesilah be'Yom-Tov'?

(b) We have just learned about two of the six things that Bar Kapara's Beraisa says about a wick.
Is one permitted to ...

  1. ... twist a wick or singe it?
  2. ... soften it with one's hands or soak it in oil?
(c) Why are the latter two permitted?
(a) What happened to Shabsa'i bar Merinus when he arrived in Bavel and asked first for assistance in business, and then for food?

(b) What has this to do with the Pasuk in Re'ei "ve'Nasan Lecha Rachamim ve'Richamcha"?

(c) Where are the wealthy men of Bavel destined to go?

(d) Rav Nasan bar Aba (the author of the previous statement) also said about anyone who relies on others for their food 'Olam Choshech Ba'ado'.
What did Rav Chisda add to that?

(a) Of which other two people does the Beraisa write 'Chayeihem Einam Chayim'?

(b) Why might a person who possesses only one cloak be added to the list?

(c) Why does the Tana Kama not include him?

(a) The Tana of our Mishnah forbids breaking a piece of clay or cutting paper on Yom-Tov.
What were these needed for?

(b) Nor may one clear out the pieces of cement (with which one had cemented the door shut) from the oven.
What would one then do if they were heaped up on the oven floor and threatened to burn the bread that was stuck to the oven walls to bake?

(c) What does 'Ein Makifin Sh'tei Chaviyos' mean? Why is it forbidden?

(d) Why does the Tana forbid supporting a pot with a block of wood?

(a) The Tana Kama also forbids using a stick when leading an animal through the street.
What reason do we initially ascribe to this prohibition?

(b) What does Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon hold?

(c) What does one do if the pile of rubble in the oven (which our Tana forbids to remove) renders cooking impossible? According to which Tana do we say this?

(d) What did Rebbi Chiya tell his wife when a half-brick fell into the oven on Yom-Tov?

(a) What problem did Ravina have with the information that Rav Ashi's servants used to cement the oven shut to prevent the heat from escaping?

(b) How did Rav Ashi alleviate his fears?

(c) Under what condition was that valid?

(d) May one use *ashes* (mixed with water) to cement the oven shut?

(a) Rav Nachman permitted the placing of large stones in a field to form a make-shift toilet.
How did he reconcile that with our Mishnah, which forbids placing two barrels close to one another as a base for a pot?

(b) May one also construct a make-shift seat on the basis that it has no roof?

(c) What is 'Madurta'?

(d) How is one permitted to make one on Yom-Tov?

14) Bei'asa, Kedeira (the case in our Mishnah), Purya and Chavita are permitted, just like Madurta, provided one starts from the top.
What is ...
  1. ... 'Bei'asa'?
  2. ... 'Purya'?
  3. ... 'Chavita'? How does one set up each of these on Yom-Tov?
Answers to questions
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