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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Beitzah 27

BEITZAH 26, 27, 28, 29 - dedicated by Yitzchak Gross of Brooklyn, NY, l'Iluy Nishmas his father, Menashe Yehudah ben Matisyahu, and his mother, Dina bas Yisroel.


(a) On what grounds did Rebbi Yirmiyah (or Rebbi Zerika) object, when first Rebbi Ami, and then Rebbi Yitzchak Nafcha, declined to examine a Bechor on Yom-Tov?

(b) Why was Rebbi Yehuda Nesi'a interested in examining a Bechor anyway? Was he a Kohen?

(c) What did Rebbi Aba say to Rebbi Zerika and Yirmiyah? What was his source?

(a) Ma'an de'Hu went to Eretz Yisrael to hear it from the mouth of Rebbi Zeira himself.
Who is 'Ma'an de'Hu'?

(b) It turned out that Rebbi Zeira had not actually said what he was quoted as saying.
What did he really say?

(a) However, the Gemara is still not certain whether the Halachah is like Rebbi Shimon or like Rebbi Yehudah, and it asks 'Mai Havi Alah'? Rav Yosef quotes from 'thick ropes' - Rebbi Shimon ben Pazi ... until Rebbi who quotes the Kehila Kedishah de'bi'Yeyurashalayim, who say that Rebbi Shimon and his friends follow the opinion of Rebbi Meir.
Who is Rebbi Shimon?

(b) Why can the Kehila Kedishah de'bi'Yeyurashalayim not possibly have quoted Rebbi Shimon ben Menasya in the way that it is quoted?

(c) Then what *did* they say?

(a) In a Mishnah in Bechoros, Rebbi Yehudah compares the Shechitah of a Bechor to that of a Tereifah.
What exactly does he say?

(b) What does Rebbi Meir hold?

(c) What proof does Rav Yosef think to bring from here regarding the inspection of Bechor for blemishes on Yom-Tov?

(a) Rabah bar bar Chanah Amar Rebbi Yochanan has a different way of explaining the Machlokes between Rebbi Meir and Rebbi Yehudah. By which blemish, according to him, does Rebbi Yehudah agree with Rebbi Meir?

(b) What then is the basis of the Machlokes between Rebbi Meir and Rebbi Yehudah?

(c) Based on Rebbi Yochanan's interpretation of the Machlokes, an what grounds does Abaye object to Rav Yosef's proof in 4b.?

(d) How does Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak prove this from the Lashon of the Mishnah in Bechoros.

Answers to questions



(a) Ami Vardina'a refused to inspect blemishes on Yom-Tov.
Who was Ami Vardina'a? Why was he called 'Vardina'a'?

(b) How do we justify Rebbi Ami's condoning of Ami Vardina'as Chumra, when he himself used to inspect Bechorim on Yom-Tov for blemishes?

(c) Rava behaved in the same way. A certain Kohen explained to him one Yom-Tov how his Bechor Beheimah had obtained a split lip.
How did it happen?

(d) Why was Rava still not satisfied?

(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Emor "*Kol* Mum Lo Yihyeh Bo"?

(b) For how long is a Yisrael obligated to look after his Bechor Beheimah before giving it to a Kohen?

(a) What did the Chachamim tell Rebbi Tarfon when he came to the Beis Hamedrash to ask about an animal that died on Yom-Tov and Chalah that became Tamei on Yom-Tov?

(b) May one destroy the Chalah by feeding them to his dog on Yom-Tov, or is only burning it prohibited?

(c) In a Mishnah in Shabbos, Rebbi Shimon permits cutting up gourds for one's animal and feeding a carcass to one's dogs on Yom-Tov.
Does this mean that the author of our Mishnah, which forbids feeding a carcass of an animal that died on Yom-Tov, cannot be Rebbi Shimon?

(d) Does everyone agree that Rebbi Shimon concedes that an animal that dies on Yom-Tov is Muktzah?

(a) How will those who quote Rava as saying that Rebbi Shimon is lenient even with regard to an animal that died on Yom-Tov, establish our Mishnah, in order to conform with Rebbi Shimon?

(b) For which of two reasons might Rebbi Shimon agree that an animal of Kodshim is different?

(a) How do we prove that the animal in our Mishnah is one of Kodshim?

(b) What problem does this create, according to those who quote Rava as saying that Rebbi Shimon concedes that an animal that dies on Yom-Tov is Muktzah anyway?

(c) How do we therefore establish the Mishnah, to accommodate his opinion, too?

(a) What does our Mishnah mean when it writes 'Ein Nimnin al ha'Beheimah Lechatchilah be'Yom-Tov'?

(b) How then, should one divide an animal (See Tif'eres Yisrael Si'man 28)?

(c) What other method of distribution remains if they did not assess how much each one has to pay before Yom-Tov?

(d) The Beraisa bears out Shmuel's contention that assessing the amount that each one is to receive is forbidden on Shabbos and Yom-Tov. Which additional method of dividing the animal does the Tana of the Beraisa suggest?

12) There is no Isur d'Oraysa to do business on Shabbos and Yom-Tov. What is the source for the Isur?

Answers to questions
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