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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Beitzah 25


(a) Rabah bar Rav Huna quoting Rav says that if one closes the ends of a stream, the fish in the stream are permitted on Yom-Tov.
Why is that?

(b) What Halachah regarding a wild animal does Rav Chisda deduce from Rav's Din?

(c) Why did Rav Nachman object to Rav Chisda's comparison?

(d) What do Rav Huna, Rav Chisda and Rav Nachman have in common?

(a) The Beraisa, which specifically requires preparation (like Rav Nachman), includes in the testimony of Sh'maya and Avtalyon, the obligation to tie the wings of a free bird that one prepared before Yom-Tov.
Why is that?

(b) How do we initially reconcile this Beraisa (which requires preparation for wild baby animals that are born in an orchard) with another Beraisa, which permits it even without preparation?

(c) On what grounds do we reject this suggestion?

(d) So how do we finally reconcile the two Beraisos?

(a) Why are birds forbidden on Yom-Tov, if they are in a tree, even if they were prepared before Yom-Tov (by tying their wings or by picking them up)?

(b) Are they also forbidden if they are in a house or a pit?

(c) What does one do on an ordinary weekday if one finds birds whose wings are tied? May one take them?

(a) According to the Tana Kama, under what condition is one permitted to Shecht an animal that is in danger of dying (but is not a Tereifah) on Yom- Tov?

(b) What does Rebbi Akiva say?

(c) It is forbidden to transport the animal from the field to the house on a pole carried by two people.
Why is that?

(d) How does one bring the animal to the house?

(a) What are 'Hefshet' and 'Nitu'ach'?

(b) What does Rami bar Aba learn from the fact that 'Hefshet' and 'Nitu'ach' had to be performed on the Korban Olah?

(a) What does Rav Huna say about an animal's status ...
  1. ... before it has been Shechted?
  2. ... after it has been Shechted?
(b) How might Rami bar Aba in 1b. be coming to argue with Rav Huna?

(c) Why can this not be the case? How can we be certain that when Rebbi Akiva says in our Mishnah 'Afilu k'Zayis Chai mi'Beis Tevichasah', he means from its neck?

(d) If not for the Beraisa, what else might 'mi'Beis Tevichasah' have meant?

Answers to questions



(a) So we conclude that Rami bar Aba's Din belongs to Hilchos Derech Eretz.
Which other Din in Derech Eretz does the Beraisa teach with regard to ...
  1. ... garlic and leek?
  2. ... drinking a glass of wine?
(b) What title does one earn oneself for drinking a glass of wine ...
  1. ... in one gulp?
  2. ... in three gulps?
  3. ... in two gulps?
(c) In which way does ...
  1. ... a Chartzuba cut the feet of people who perform all manner of theft?
  2. ... a tree of Orlah cut the feet of butchers and of Bo'alei Nidos?
  3. ... a Turmus-bean cut the feet of Yisrael as they are described in T'nach (in Shoftim)?
(a) What character-trait do Yisrael possess that inspired Hashem to give the Torah to *them*? (See Agadas Maharsha).

(b) The Torah writes in ve'Zos ha'Berachah "mi'Yemino Esh-Das Lamo". Rebbi Yishmael in a Beraisa, explains that Yisrael are worthy of receiving a law of fire.
What is his second explanation?

(c) This conforms with Resh Lakish, who said that Yisrael are the most invincible of all the nations.
Applying a different meaning of the word 'Az', which is the most brazen of all ...

  1. ... the beasts?
  2. ... and the birds? And according to others, the most brazen of ...
  3. ... the small animals?
  4. ... and the trees?
(a) With regard to Hilchos Yom-Tov, what do a blind man and a shepherd have in common?

(b) The Beraisa forbids 'a chair' on Yom-Tov.
How will we then explain the fact that they carried Rav Huna from Hini to Shili and back, and Shmuel from the sun to the shade and back?

(c) In what case is a 'seat' forbidden even if it is to carry someone whom the community needs?

(a) They permitted Yalsa to be carried on a chair even on the shoulders.
Who was Yalsa?

(b) On what grounds did they permit it (See Tosfos DH 'Sha'ani')?

(c) For what other reason might it be permitted to carry someone on the shoulders?

Answers to questions
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