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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Beitzah 24


(a) Our Mishnah considers wild animals and birds in an enclosure, trapped. How do we initially resolve this with the Beraisa, which forbids catching a wild animal from inside an enclosure?

(b) What do we infer from Rebbi Yehudah, who says in another Beraisa, that one is Chayav for trapping a deer *in a room*?

(c) Both Rebbi Yehudah and the Rabbanan agree that one is Chayav for trapping a bird in a cupboard.
What do the Rabbanan say there about trapping a deer?

(d) Why is a bird not considered trapped inside a room?

(a) What discrepancy still remains between our Mishnah and both of the above-mentioned Beraisos (regarding birds)?

(b) Why can we not resolve this discrepancy by establishing our Mishnah by a covered enclosure and the Beraisos, by an open one?

(c) How then, *do* we resolve the discrepancy (by making a distinction between two kinds of birds)?

(d) What is the meaning of 'Tzipor D'ror'? Why is it called by that name?

(a) The previous distinction by birds, prompts us to answer the original discrepancy (with regard to wild animals) by making a similar distinction between two kinds of enclosures.
What is that distinction?

(b) In what way is this answer preferable to the initial one that we gave (in 1a.)?

(c) Rav Ashi interprets a small enclosure as one that is small enough to enable one to catch the wild animal in one leap.
Which other two interpretations does he give of a small enclosure?

(a) On what grounds did Abaye object to Rav Yosef (quoting Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel)'s ruling like Raban Shimon ben Gamliel?

(b) What did he retort when Rav Yosef asked him what difference it makes whether the Chachamim argued with Raban Shimon or not?

(c) Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel gives a fourth interpretation of a small enclosure.
What is it?

(a) Ducks and chickens require a net to catch them, yet they are considered caught.
What is the difference between them and pigeons, who (like chickens) also return to their nests each evening? what additional condition is required before a bird can be considered caught?

(b) What does Rav Mari mean when (in an alternative answer) he explains that pigeons tend to fly away?

(c) The Beraisa incorporates two kinds of pigeons and a third kind of bird in the category that is not considered caught.
What are each of these?

(d) Are there any species of pigeons that are considered trapped?

(a) Under which condition may one take a trapped animal etc. from the net where it is caught?

(b) Why did Raban Gamliel decline to take the fish that a Nochri brought him on Yom-Tov?

(c) Our Mishnah appears to cite a story which contradicts the Halachah that precedes it? How do we amend the Mishnah to avoid saying that? Is the Halachah like Raban Gamliel?

(d) How do others quote the ruling of Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel? Like whom is the Halachah?

Answers to questions



(a) The Tana Kama of yet another Beraisa permits Shechting animals from 'Nigarim' on Yom-Tov, but forbids taking them from nets and traps in which they have been caught.
What are 'Nigarim'? Why are they called by that name?

(b) Raban Shimon ben Gamliel permits taking animals from nets that were disturbed *before* Yom-Tov, but prohibits taking them from those that were only disturbed *on* Yom-Tov.
What is the problem with this statement?

(c) How do we amend the statement?

(d) What is the third version of Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel's ruling with regard to this issue?

(a) Raban Gamliel maintains that the fruit brought to him by the Nochri (Safek Muchan) was permitted. Levi explains that to mean Mutarin ba'Achilah.
What does Rav say?

(b) From whom did Levi learn that?

(c) What comment did Rav make in connection with that ruling?

(a) The Beraisa permits Dagim Mefulamin or freshly-picked fruit that is brought by a Nochri on Yom-Tov.
What is Dagim Mefulamim?

(b) What do we try and prove from the concession of freshly-picked fruit?

(c) Why is it in fact, no better to establish the Beraisa by Tiltul?

(d) How do we finally establish ...

  1. ... Dagim Mefulamin?
  2. ... freshly-picked fruit? Are they permitted even to eat, or only to move?
(a) If a Nochri brings fruit on Yom-Tov and there is some of that kind still attached to the trees in that area, it will remain forbidden the whole of that day. When will it become permitted in Chutz la'Aretz?

(b) Rashi disagrees with Rabeinu Yitzchak ha'Levi, who is very strict. What does he say?

(c) And what will be the Din if there is none of that kind of fruit attached to the tree, if the Nochri brought it ...

  1. ... from *inside* the Techum?
  2. ... from *outside* the Techum?
(d) On what grounds did Chazal permit fruit that a Nochri brought from outside the Techum for another Jew, because it was not brought for him?
Answers to questions
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