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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Beitzah 22

BEITZAH 21 & 22 - have been dedicated in honor of the Yahrzeit of the Lubavitcher Rebbe, NBG'M (3 Tamuz), by one of his Chasidim.


(a) Rava tries to establish the Machlokes in our Mishnah concerning Hatmanah, even when the owner *did* prepare an Eiruv.
Then why do Beis Shamai forbid Hatmanah?

(b) Abaye refutes Rava's explanation on the basis of the Beraisa which quotes Chananyah (that we came across already on 17b).
What does Chananyah say that proves Rava wrong?

(c) How does Abaye therefore establish our Mishnah? What is the Machlokes between Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel?

(a) Our Mishnah, which speaks about picking up a fallen Menorah on Yom-Tov, cannot be understood literally, because what can possibly be wrong with doing that?
How then, *do* we explain the Machlokes between Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel regarding a Menorah that fell down?

(b) What did Ula's servant do in Rav Yehudah's house one Shabbos, what he should not have done?

(c) Rav Yehudah queried his action from a Beraisa.
What does the Beraisa say?

(d) What did Ula reply?

(a) Rav permitted Kanva (by a wick) on Yom-Tov? What is 'Kanva'?

(b) What three alternatives did Abaye give Aba bar Marsa when he asked him about extinguishing a light for Tashmish ha'Mitah on Yom-Tov?

(c) If none of these alternatives was possible, did he grant him permission to extinguish the light directly?

(d) Then how does Abaye explain the Beraisa, which permits extinguishing a burning log to prevent one's house from becoming smoky on Yom-Tov?

4) May one extinguish a flame on Yom-Tov if it is a matter of ...
  1. ... life-danger?
  2. ... saving one's property, according to Rebbi Yehudah?


(a) It is permitted to paint one's eye on Yom-Tov in cases of Rira, Ditza, Dama, Dim'asa and Kadchasa.
What ...
  1. ... do all of these mean?
  2. ... do they all have in common?
  3. ... circumstances will permit them to be performed, despite the fact that it is Yom-Tov (i.e. which stage of the illness are we talking about)?
(b) May one paint one's eye on Yom-Tov in any other case or circumstances, when it is merely a matter of seeing better?

(c) Which Tana *would* permit painting one's eyes on Yom-Tov?

(a) Under which circumstances does Rav Ashi permit cures, as long as they are performed by a Nochri on Yom-Tov, and under which does he forbid them?

(b) How did Ameimar then justify permitting someone to have his eye painted by a Nochri (and possibly even allowing a Nochri to paint *his* eye), even though this entailed his having to open and close his eye as the Nochri applied the paint?

(c) On what basis did Rav Ashi query Ameimar, who permitted a Jew to paint his eye on the second day of Rosh Hashanah?

(d) Why was Ameimar not concerned that Elul may turn out to be a thirty-day month, making the second day of Rosh Hashanah the *real* Rosh Hashanah?

Answers to questions



(a) Beis Shamai prohibit baking 'thick loaves' on Pesach; Beis Hillel permit it.
What is Rav Huna's source for giving the thickness of these loaves as one Tefach?

(b) Rav Yosef however, gives five reasons as to why this Shiur might well be confined to the Lechem ha'Panim (and not to any other bread); These reasons are to do with ...

1. ... the people who prepared them;
2. ... the dough;
3. ... the wood;
4.&5. ... the oven. What are they?
(c) Rav Yirmiyah bar Aba (either in his own name, or on the name of Rav) asked 'Rebbi' for the *real* meaning of 'thick bread'.
What did he reply? Then why does the Tana refer to it as 'thick bread'?

(d) Seeing as the Isur is one of excessive bother, and not Chametz (as we thought at first), why does the Tana then mention Pesach more than any Yom- Tov?

8) Whom would Rav Yirmiyah bar Aba have called 'Rebbi', if he was quoting ...
  1. ... himself?
  2. ... Rav?


(a) Raban Gamliel was lenient in three issues. He permitted both sweeping between the couches on Yom-Tov and Mugmar (placing frankincense on coals to create a pleasant aroma) on Yom-Tov.
What was the third leniency that *he* permitted but which the Rabbanan forbade?

(b) How does Rav Asi establish Raban Gamliel's leniency by Mugmar? In his opinion, which case will the Rabbanan concede to him?

(c) What did Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Tzadok testify with regard to ...

1. ... sweeping between the couches? What *did* Raban Gamliel used to do, in his opinion?
2. ... placing the Mugmar on the coals? What *did* Raban Gamliel used to do, in his opinion?
(d) What did the Chachamim reply to Rebbi b'Rebbi Tzadok in both of his testimonies?
(a) How is Rav Asi's interpretation of the Machlokes between Raban Gamliel and the Rabbanan (in 9b.) disproved by Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Tzadok's testimony?

(b) So how do we finally establish the Machlokes? In which case do both Tana'im agree?

(a) The Gemara asks whether Ishun is permitted on Yom-Tov? What is Ishun?

(b) On what grounds does Rav Yirmiyah bar Aba Amar Rav forbid it?

(c) Why then, does Shmuel permit it? Does Shmuel not hold of the principle of 'Shaveh le'Chol Nefesh'?

(d) Is Ishun a question of Mechabeh or of Mav'ir?

(a) On what grounds does Rav Yehudah permit Ishun if the fruit is placed on top of heated *earthenware*?

(b) Why is it not prohibited because of Mav'ir?

(c) Rabah forbids Ishun even on earthenware.

(d) Is Molid Rei'ach Asur d'Oraysa or de'Rabbanan?

Answers to questions
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