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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Beitzah 10

BEITZAH 6-10 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi publications for these Dafim, for the benefit of Klal Yisrael


(a) Beis Shamai forbids taking an Ali on Yom-Tov.
What is an 'Ali'?

(b) Why do Beis Shamai forbid it?

(c) Why are Beis Hillel more lenient here than they are by Kisuy ha'Dam? (d) Beis Hillel permits spreading out skins on Yom-Tov that were stripped that day for people to tan as they walk across them. Initially, we ascribe this concession to Simchas Yom-Tov (creating a contradiction with Beis Hillel's strict view by Kisuy ha'Dam). What is Beis Hillel's *real* reason for permitting this?

(a) Beis Shamai forbid the removal of shutters from portable store-fronts. What do Beis Hillel say?

(b) Why are Beis Shamai so strict here?

(c) Why do Beis Hillel go so far as to permit even *returning* the shutters on Yom-Tov, seeing as this is not needed for Yom-Tov, and it will be unnecessary trouble?

(d) What does one use the shutters for? Since when is buying and selling permitted on Yom-Tov?

(a) Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel argue over how to prepare birds, which are basically Muktzah, in one's dove-cot.
What are their respective opinions?

(b) Rav Chanan bar Ami confines their Machlokes to the first batch of chicks.
What is the significance of this first batch?

(c) What is Beis Shamai's reason for being strict in this case?

(d) What will Beis Shamai hold by subsequent batches of chicks?

(a) We initially explain that Beis Hillel, who requires that one specifies each and every bird, holds 'Ein Bereirah'.
Do we succeed in refuting that answer?

(b) Rava (who explains the Beraisa differently), maintains that Beis Hillel hold 'Yesh Bereirah'.
Then why are they so strict with regard to the need to specify each bird?

(c) If Beis Hillel is concerned that one might later take better birds than the ones he prepared, then why do they not necessitate that he *takes* each bird before Yom-Tov, to ensure that he does not change his mind on Yom-Tov, when he finds better ones.

(d) Besides the concern that he might find better birds which he did not prepare, what other concern does Beis Hillel have?

(a) A corpse in the house renders all the doorways (together with any vessels that are lying there) Tamei.
Will this apply to windows, too? What is the minimum size aperture to which this applies?

(b) Why are the vessels not Tamei anyway because of Ohel ha'Mes?

(c) Under which condition (besides that of Machshavah - intending to carry the corpse out through any one specific doorway or window) will the Tum'ah be confined to a specific doorway and not to the others?

(a) If one had in mind *before* the man died, that, when he died, they would carry him out of a specific doorway, then *that* doorway is Tamei, but not the others. According to Beis Shamai, Machshavah will only help *before* the man has dies, but not *afterwards*.
Why not?

(b) What will be the Din of vessels that are placed under one of the other doorways *after* a valid Machshavah?

(c) What do Beis Hillel say, and what is their reason, according to ...

  1. ... Rabah and Rebbi Oshaya?
  2. ... Rava?
Answers to questions



(a) Why is it that, if one prepared *two* birds and found *three*, they are *forbidden*, whereas if he prepared *three*, and found *two*, they are *permitted*?

(b) What is the Chidush in the latter case?

(a) Our Mishnah states that, if he prepared black birds and found white ones or vice-versa, they are forbidden.
Is that not obvious? How must we establish the Mishnah?

(b) What does Rebbi Chanina rule when there is a question of whether to go after the majority or after the nearest?

(c) Why can we not bring a proof from our Mishnah (according to the way that we just explained it - that we suspect that the birds came from the outside [the majority], rather than from the neighboring nest [nearest]), that we go after the majority, just like Rebbi Chanina says?

(a) According to Rebbi, if someone left *one* Manah of Ma'aser Sheini money and found *two*, Chulin and Ma'aser Sheini are mixed together.
Why is that?

(b) What must he subsequently do?

(c) The Chachamim say that all the money is Chulin.
Why is that?

(d) If he left *two* Manah of Ma'aser money, and found *one*, Rebbi Says that that Manah is one of those that he left, and that it is Ma'aser.
What do the Chachamim say?

(a) How could the author of our Mishnah (which says that if one designated three birds and found two, they are permitted) be the Chachamim (in 10d.)? Why might even *they* agree in the case of birds, according to Rebbi Yochanan and Rebbi Elazar?

(b) Rebbi Yochanan and Rebbi Elazar argue: one of them establishes the Machlokes between Rebbi and the Chachamim when the two Manah were placed in *two* purses.
What will they then hold when the money was placed in one purse?

(c) The other one establishes the Machlokes by *one* purse, but by *two*, even the Rabbanan will agree that the Manah that he did find is one of those that he left (and is therefore Ma'aser).
What is the problem with this?

(a) Rav Ashi resolves this problem by establishing both the Mishnah and the Beraisa when the birds and the bags are tied.
How does that solve the problem? Why can the author of Mishnah now be the Rabbanan?

(b) Why does Rebbi not agree with the Rabbanan's distinction?

(c) Who is now the author of our Mishnah?

Answers to questions
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