REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafBeitzah 10
BEITZAH 6-10 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi
publications for these Dafim, for the benefit of Klal Yisrael
(a) Beis Shamai forbids taking an Ali on Yom-Tov.
What is an 'Ali'?
(b) Why do Beis Shamai forbid it?
(c) Why are Beis Hillel more lenient here than they are by Kisuy ha'Dam?
(d) Beis Hillel permits spreading out skins on Yom-Tov that were stripped
that day for people to tan as they walk across them. Initially, we ascribe
this concession to Simchas Yom-Tov (creating a contradiction with Beis
Hillel's strict view by Kisuy ha'Dam). What is Beis Hillel's *real* reason
for permitting this?
(a) Beis Shamai forbid the removal of shutters from portable store-fronts.
What do Beis Hillel say?
(b) Why are Beis Shamai so strict here?
(c) Why do Beis Hillel go so far as to permit even *returning* the shutters
on Yom-Tov, seeing as this is not needed for Yom-Tov, and it will be
(d) What does one use the shutters for? Since when is buying and selling
permitted on Yom-Tov?
(a) Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel argue over how to prepare birds, which are
basically Muktzah, in one's dove-cot.
What are their respective opinions?
(b) Rav Chanan bar Ami confines their Machlokes to the first batch of
What is the significance of this first batch?
(c) What is Beis Shamai's reason for being strict in this case?
(d) What will Beis Shamai hold by subsequent batches of chicks?
(a) We initially explain that Beis Hillel, who requires that one specifies
each and every bird, holds 'Ein Bereirah'.
Do we succeed in refuting that
(b) Rava (who explains the Beraisa differently), maintains that Beis Hillel
hold 'Yesh Bereirah'.
Then why are they so strict with regard to the need
to specify each bird?
(c) If Beis Hillel is concerned that one might later take better birds than
the ones he prepared, then why do they not necessitate that he *takes* each
bird before Yom-Tov, to ensure that he does not change his mind on Yom-Tov,
when he finds better ones.
(d) Besides the concern that he might find better birds which he did not
prepare, what other concern does Beis Hillel have?
(a) A corpse in the house renders all the doorways (together with any
vessels that are lying there) Tamei.
Will this apply to windows, too? What
is the minimum size aperture to which this applies?
(b) Why are the vessels not Tamei anyway because of Ohel ha'Mes?
(c) Under which condition (besides that of Machshavah - intending to carry
the corpse out through any one specific doorway or window) will the Tum'ah
be confined to a specific doorway and not to the others?
(a) If one had in mind *before* the man died, that, when he died, they would
carry him out of a specific doorway, then *that* doorway is Tamei, but not
the others. According to Beis Shamai, Machshavah will only help *before* the
man has dies, but not *afterwards*.
Answers to questions
(b) What will be the Din of vessels that are placed under one of the other
doorways *after* a valid Machshavah?
(c) What do Beis Hillel say, and what is their reason, according to ...
- ... Rabah and Rebbi Oshaya?
- ... Rava?
(a) Why is it that, if one prepared *two* birds and found *three*, they are
*forbidden*, whereas if he prepared *three*, and found *two*, they are
(b) What is the Chidush in the latter case?
(a) Our Mishnah states that, if he prepared black birds and found white ones
or vice-versa, they are forbidden.
Is that not obvious? How must we
establish the Mishnah?
(b) What does Rebbi Chanina rule when there is a question of whether to go
after the majority or after the nearest?
(c) Why can we not bring a proof from our Mishnah (according to the way that
we just explained it - that we suspect that the birds came from the outside
[the majority], rather than from the neighboring nest [nearest]), that we go
after the majority, just like Rebbi Chanina says?
(a) According to Rebbi, if someone left *one* Manah of Ma'aser Sheini money
and found *two*, Chulin and Ma'aser Sheini are mixed together.
(b) What must he subsequently do?
(c) The Chachamim say that all the money is Chulin.
Why is that?
(d) If he left *two* Manah of Ma'aser money, and found *one*, Rebbi Says
that that Manah is one of those that he left, and that it is Ma'aser.
do the Chachamim say?
(a) How could the author of our Mishnah (which says that if one designated
three birds and found two, they are permitted) be the Chachamim (in 10d.)?
Why might even *they* agree in the case of birds, according to Rebbi
Yochanan and Rebbi Elazar?
(b) Rebbi Yochanan and Rebbi Elazar argue: one of them establishes the
Machlokes between Rebbi and the Chachamim when the two Manah were placed in
What will they then hold when the money was placed in one
(c) The other one establishes the Machlokes by *one* purse, but by *two*,
even the Rabbanan will agree that the Manah that he did find is one of those
that he left (and is therefore Ma'aser).
What is the problem with this?
(a) Rav Ashi resolves this problem by establishing both the Mishnah and the
Beraisa when the birds and the bags are tied.
Answers to questions
How does that solve the
problem? Why can the author of Mishnah now be the Rabbanan?
(b) Why does Rebbi not agree with the Rabbanan's distinction?
(c) Who is now the author of our Mishnah?