REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafBeitzah 7
BEITZAH 6-10 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi
publications for these Dafim, for the benefit of Klal Yisrael
(a) In a similar incident to the one that we just discussed, what did the
seller supply the purchaser who asked for eggs that came from a male?
Based on Rebbi Yochanan, who says that if most of an egg emerged on Erev
Yom-Tov, before returning inside the mother, that egg is permitted on Yom-
Tov, we give one of two new possible explanations of Rav Huna quoting Rav's
statement (that an egg is complete only after it has emerged).
(b) Why was it not obvious that the sale was invalid?
(c) If he had meant that, would the sale have been valid?
(a) The Tana Kama of the Beraisa (whom we quoted earlier) permits eating
together with milk, complete eggs that one finds inside a Shechted chicken.
What does Rebbi Ya'akov say?
(b) In what way does the carcass of a Tahor (i.e. Kasher) bird render one
(c) One does not become Tamei if one eats the Sh'lal shel Beitzim, the bones
or the nerves of a Nivlas Of Tahor.
What is the 'Sh'lal shel Beitzim'?
(d) Does one become Tamei if one eats flesh that was detached whilst the
animal was still alive?
(a) One *does* however, become Tamei if one eats the Eshkol shel Beitzim,
the stomach or the intestines.
What is the 'Eshkol shel Beitzim'?
(b) Is one Tamei if one melted the fat of a Tahor bird and drank it?
(c) This Tana holds that even when complete eggs are still attached to the
mother they are no longer called 'meat'. Rav Yosef maintains that the
author of this Beraisa cannot be Rebbi Ya'akov (who forbids such eggs to be
eaten with milk). What does Abaye say?
(d) If Chazal decreed that these eggs should be called meat with regard to
eating, why should they not have also decreed with regard to Tum'ah?
(a) In the second Lashon, Rav Yosef takes for granted that the author of the
Beraisa must be Rebbi Ya'akov, because of his ruling in the Seifa, that the
'Eshkol' shel Beitzim is Metamei. How does this Lashon explain the
difference between *Sh'lal* shel Beitzim and *Eshkol* shel Beitzim?
(b) On what grounds does Abaye query his Rebbe Rav Yosef, in this Lashon,
(c) If 'Eshkol shel Beitzim' means part of the chicken itself, then what is
the Chidush of the Beraisa?
(d) Why does ...
- ... a chicken lay eggs specifically by day?
- ... a bat give birth specifically by night?
- ... a woman give birth either by day or by night?
(a) What are the ramifications of the fact that a chicken only lays eggs by
Answers to questions
(b) How do we then account for the fact that he searched just before night
and did not find any eggs?
(c) And how do we reconcile this Halachah with Rebbi Yossi ben Shaul quoting
Rav, who rules that if one searched before night on Erev Yom-Tov and did not
find any eggs, then the eggs that he finds before dawn-break next morning
(d) Then why can we not say the same in the case of Rav Mari Brei de'Rav
Kahana? How can we be certain that the egg that one found there in the
morning was not a 'Safna de'Ar'a?
(a) We just concluded that a chicken will not lay Safna de'Ar'a eggs as long
as there is a male in the vicinity.
What did Rebbi Yossi ben Shaul say about ground garlic?
How close must the male be for the
chicken to desist from heating itself on the ground?
(b) Rav Mari permitted an egg on Yom-Tov (under the above circumstances)
relying on the fact that there was a rooster sixty houses away.
make any difference in these Halachos whether or not, there is ...
(c) Seeing as the case Rav Yossi ben Shaul quoting Rav (quoted earlier)
speaks by a Safna de'Ar'a, why does Rav find it necessary to mention that he
searched on the eve of Yom-Tov and found nothing?
- ... a river?
- ... a bridge spanning the river?
- ... a narrow crossing consisting of a narrow plank and a rope to hold on to? What happened once in spite of this ruling?
(d) In that case, why do we not contend even now (after he examined and
found nothing), with the possibility that most of the egg emerged before
Yom-Tov and returned into the mother (like Rebbi Yochanan)?
(a) What causes Beis Shamai to differentiate between Chametz and yeast? Why,
in his opinion, does the Torah not need to write yeast?
(b) Beis Hillel disagree. In their opinion, the Torah *does* need to write
Why can one not learn it from Chametz?
(c) How will Beis Shamai explain Rebbi Zeira's unarguable Derashah, that
the Torah opens the Pasuk with Se'or and ends with Chametz, to teach us that
Chametz and yeast have the same Shiur (i.e. a k'Zayis)?
(a) If '*ha'Shochet* Chayah ve'Of be'Yom-Tov, Beis Shamai Omrim Yachpor ...
' means Bedi'eved (as it usually does), then how will we explain Beis
Hillel's statement 'Lo Yishchot Ela im Kein Hayah Lo Afar Muchan ... '
(implying Lechatchilah, which in turn, implies, that Beis Shamai *permits
(b) We conclude however that, on the basis of the Seifa, where Beis Hillel
concedes that Bedieved, one may use the peg to cover the blood, that their
Machlokes can only be with regard to Lechatchilah.
So how do we explain
the Lashon 'ha'Shochet' of Beis Shamai?
(c) According to Rabah (in Beis Shamai), Beis-Din tells him 'Shechot Chafor
ve'Chasei!' whereas according to Rav Yosef, they tell him 'Chafor, Shechot
ve'Chasei'! Abaye initially tries to explain that they argue over Rebbi
What does Rebbi Zeira say? What will Rabah and Rav
Yosef's Machlokes then be?
(d) Rav Yosef assured Abaye however, that Rabah too, agreed with Rebbi
Zeira. Then what *is* the basis of their Machlokes? Why, according to
Rabah, does Beis Shamai forbid Shechting unless there is prepared earth to
place underneath the blood of the bird?
(a) Rav Yehudah maintains that Beis Hillel only permits covering the blood
on Yom-Tov (both according to Beis Hillel Bedieved, and according to Beis
Shamai Lechatchilah - see Maharam), if the peg was already stuck in the
ground from before Shabbos (as we shall see later at the end of 9b.).
Answers to questions
exactly does the Gemara mean to ask when it asks that, even with the peg
stuck in the ground, he will be breaking up earth? What is wrong with that?
(b) How do we resolve that Kashya?
(c) How do we know that Beis Hillel does not permit making Kisuy ha'Dam
because of the principle of 'Asei Docheh Lo'Sa'aseh'?
(d) And how do we resolve the problem of digging a hole, which he will
inevitably do when he removes the earth? What does Rebbi Aba say?