REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafBeitzah 5
(a) What did Rabah extrapolate from the Mishnah in Rosh Hashanah, which
writes that after the Churban Beis Hamikdash, Raban Yochanan ben Zakai
instituted that they would accept the witnesses all day, regarding eating an
egg that was born on the first day of Rosh Hashanah, on the second day?
(b) Abaye queried this from Rav and Shmuel.
What did they say?
(c) But Rabah is quoting Raban Yochanan ben Zakai.
How do we reconcile Rav
and Shmuel with Raban Yochanan ben Zakai?
(a) Rav Yosef disagrees with Rabah.
Answers to questions
What does *he* say?
(b) What does Rav Yosef learn from the Pasuk in Yisro ...
1. ... "Lech Emor Lahem, Shuvu Lachem le'Oholeichem" (following "Heyu
Nechonim li'Sheloshes Yamim, Al Tigshu el Ishah")?
(c) What is the indication that the prohibition to ascend the mountain ought
not to apply after the departure of the Shechinah?
2. ... "bi'Meshoch ha'Yovel, Heimah Ya'alu va'Har" (following "Gam ha'Tzon
ve'ha'Bakar Al Yir'u el Mul *ha'Har ha'Hu*")? Why can we not learn this from
the first Derashah?
(d) From where do we learn that it is not the *place* of a person that
honors *him*, but the *person* who honors the *place*?
(a) What is the Din of Kerem Reva'i? What option does the Torah give the
(b) From where do we learn this Din?
(c) What Takanah did Chazal institute regarding people who lived within a
radius of one day's journey from Yerushalayim? What was the purpose of this
(a) Why did Rebbi Eliezer want to declare his vineyard Hefker for the poor?
(b) What did his disciples tell him?
(c) What do we deduce from their words?
(d) Why do we need this *third* proof that 'Davar she'be'Minyan, Tzarich
Minyan Acher le'Hatiro'?
(a) Why does the egg remain Asur, according to Rav Yosef? Perhaps Raban
Yochanan ben Zakai permitted the egg at the same time as he permitted
receiving the witnesses after Minchah?
Rava disagrees with Rabah, who contended that we should permit the egg
nowadays from Raban Yochanan ben Zakai's second Takanah. According to him,
we cannot learn any leniency from that Takanah.
(b) On what grounds does Abaye object to Rav Yosef's Chumra?
(c) Rav Ada and Rav Salmon agree with Abaye, but rule like Rav Yosef, though
not for the same reason.
What is their reason for forbidding the egg from
one day of Rosh Hashanah to the other even after Raban Yochanan rescinded
the original prohibition regarding the witnesses?
(d) Then why are we not also worried that if, at the time when there is no
Beis Hamikdash (and there is therefore no Shir in which to err), the
witnesses are permitted to testify all day, they may do the same after the
Beis Hamikdash has been rebuilt?
Answers to questions