POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous dafBeitzah 31
BEITZAH 31 - this Daf has been dedicated by Yechiel Wachtel of Har Nof, Yerushalayim, l'Iluy Nishmas his father, Reb
Shimon Eliezer ben Reb Yechiel Wachtel (who passed away on 15 Elul 5757).
1) MISHNAH: MUKTZAH AS APPLIED TO GATHERING CUT WOOD
(a) (R. Yehudah) One may bring wood from the field which
was gathered before YomTov, and from a Karfaf even if
it was not, provided it is near the city.
2) THE STRINGENT POSITION OF SHMUEL
(b) (R. Yosi) One may bring wood even a distance Karfaf, if
guarded, provided that it is within the Techum Shabbos.
(a) (R. Yehudah citing Shmuel) One may bring wood only from
that which is pre-gathered *and* in a Karfaf.
3) LIGHT FOLIAGE
(b) Question: But our Mishnah allows scattered wood in a
(c) Answer: Our Mishnah is the lone opinion of R. Elazar
b.R. Shimon (as he understands the Machlokes Beis
Hillel and Beis Shamai) and not that of the Rabanan.
(a) (Rava) One may not bring in (even pre-gathered) light
foliage on YomTov because the owner knows that it will
eventually get blown away he does not rely on it (the
owner may place a weight on the foliage to permit it).
4) THE MACHLOKES R. YEHUDAH AND R. YOSI OVER KARFAF
(a) Question: How are we to understand their positions?
5) MISHNAH: CHOPPING WOOD
1. Does R. Yehudah require that the enclosure be both
proximate to the city and have a lock (to which R.
Yosi replies that either a lock or proximity
(b) Answer: The Mishnah implies that R. Yosi adopts the two
lenient positions (option 1 above, that either a lock
or proximity is sufficient).
2. Does R. Yehudah require proximity (whether it has
a lock or not) while R. Yosi holds that it hinges
on whether it has a lock or not?
(c) (R. Sela citing R. Yirmiyah) The Halachah follows the
lenient position of R. Yosi.
(a) One may not chop up a house-beam which broke on YomTov.
(b) One may not chop wood using a chopper, a saw or a
scythe on YomTov but only with a chopping-knife.
6) THE REISHA SPEAKS OF MUKTZAH
(a) Question: The Reisha seems to prohibit chopping wood
(as in the case of the beam), yet the Seifa permits it
with a chopping knife!?
7) THE PROHIBITION OF USING AN AX
(b) Answer (R. Yehudah citing Shmuel): The Mishnah must be
amended to teach, in the Reisha, a Halachah of Muktzah
(the beam) and then the Halachos of chopping.
(c) This understanding of our Mishnah is supported by the
(a) (R. Chinena b. Shalmaya citing Rav) This prohibition ax
applies to the wide end not to the stout end of an ax.
8) MISHNAH: APPLYING MUKTZAH TO A PREVIOUSLY SEALED ENCLOSURE
(b) Question: This is obvious, given that we only permit
the chopping knife because it is not the skilled manner
of chopping wood!?
(c) Answer: We might have prohibited the male end of the ax
lest it be exchanged with the sharp end.
(d) (Alternate application of Rav's teaching) The
permission to use a Kupitz is only on its male end, not
on its female (wider) end.
(e) Question: Is this not obvious, since that is the
prohibition of Kardum!?
(f) Answer: We might have only prohibited a Kardum (a
skilled tool) but not a mixed skilled/non-skilled tool,
where we might permit one end given that the other is
(a) (Tana Kama) One may take fruit from a sealed enclosure
which broke open on YomTov.
9) R. MEIR'S HETER
(b) (R. Meir) One may even break open the enclosure to take
(a) Question: How could it be permitted to break open the
enclosure, given the Isur of Setiras Ohel!?
10) ROPED CLOSURES
(b) Answer (R. Nechumi b. Ada citing Shmuel): The walls
were simply rows of bricks without mortar.
(c) Question: But they should still be Muktzah (as R.
Nachman taught that leftover bricks are Muktzah if
(d) Answer (R. Zeira): It is a Heter on YomTov (Ochel
Nefesh but would not apply on Shabbos).
(e) A Beraisa supports this understanding of the Mishnah.
(a) (Shmuel) One may untie the ropes that tie the door of
pits and caves, but not unravel nor cut the rope.
(b) Ropes which tie the doors of Kelim may be untied,
unraveled and cut, both on Shabbos and on YomTov.
(c) Question: But the Beraisa differentiates (regarding
doors in the Karka) between Shabbos (when they may be
untied but not unraveled or cut) and YomTov (when they
may be untied, unraveled and cut)!?
(d) Answer: That Beraisa is the view of R. Meir who is
lenient in our Mishnah.
(e) Question: But the Beraisa teaches that Chachamim
*agree* with R. Meir and differentiate between Shabbos
(f) Answer: Shmuel holds like another Beraisa which forbids
unraveling and cutting the ropes on both Shabbos and