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Beitzah 30

1) [line 1] AREIMAS HA'TEVEN - a pile of straw; haystack
2) [line 1] MUKTZAH - an enclosed area located behind a house, used for the storage of items that are not in constant need

3) [line 3] D'DARU B'DUCHKA - those who carry with difficulty (a) [a heavy load on their shoulder] (RASHI); (b) [a heavy load using a pole] (RAMBAM Hilchos Yom Tov 5:2); (c) [a heavy load in their arms] (ARUCH Erech Gad #3)

4) [line 4] LIDRU B'RIGLA - should carry it on Yom Tov (a) with a pitchfork (O.F. forches) (RASHI); (b) on their backs (RAMBAM ibid.); (c) using a pole with a branched end (ARUCH ibid.)

5) [line 4] LIDRU B'AGRA - should carry it (a) with a pole that is suspended on the shoulders of two people (RASHI); (b) on their shoulders (RAMBAM ibid.); (c) using a normal pole (ARUCH ibid.)

6) [line 5] LIDRU B'ACHPA - should carry it (a) with a pole that is held by two people (RASHI); (b) in their hands (RAMBAM ibid.); (c) on their shoulders (ARUCH ibid.)
7) [line 10] D'KA MALYAN CHATZBAIHU MAYA - who fill their pitchers with water
8a) [line 13] CHATZBA RABA - large pitcher
b) [line 13] CHATZBA RABA - a small pitcher
9) [line 14] KA MAFSHA B'HILUCHA - they will increase the amount that they walk on Yom Tov
10) [line 16] TECHASYEI B'NICHTEMA - let her cover it with a wooden lid of a pitcher
11a) [line 17] TIKTEREI - let her tie the cover to the pitcher before Yom Tov
b) [line 17] V'ASI L'MIKTEREI - she might tie the string that holds the cover to the pitcher, thus violating the prohibition of Kosher (tying)

12) [line 18] TIFROS SUDRA ILAVEI - let her spread a cloth over it
13) [line 18] D'MITMISH B'MAYA - it becomes soaked in water
14a) [line 20] EIN METAPCHIN - it is forbidden to beat the heart (which was done publicly as a sign of mourning)
b) [line 21] EIN MESAPKIN - it is forbidden to clap (which was done publicly as a sign of mourning)
c) [line 21] EIN MERAKDIN - it is forbidden to dance

15) [line 24] A'PUMA D'LECHAYA - at the entrance (lit. mouth) [of a Mavoy], at the point where the Lechi stands (the plank or pole which is used to permit carrying in a Mavoy by reminding a person not to carry into Reshus ha'Rabim)

16) [line 24] DILMA MIGANDER LEI CHEFETZ - lest an object roll away from him
17) [line 26] D'SHAKLAN CHATZBAIHU - that take their pitchers
18) [line 26] V'AZLAN V'YASVAN A'PUMA D'MAVO'AH - and go and sit at the entrance of the Mavoy

There is a Mitzvas Aseh for a person to extend the laws that pertain to Yom ha'Kipurim both before and after the actual day of Yom ha'Kipurim (Yoma 81b). The time that is added is known as Tosefes Yom ha'Kipurim. One is not Chayav Kares and does not transgress a Lav for violating the laws of Yom ha'Kipurim during this time period.

20a) [line 40] ARZEI - male cedars
b) [line 40] ASHUCHEI - (a) female cedars (RASHI); (b) cypresses (ARUCH); (c) fir trees (ARUCH)

(a) MUKTZAH - The word Muktzah literally means "set aside at the brink [of one's intentions for use]." The term is used to describe items that are set aside not to be used right now, such as wood stacked in a barn. In a broader sense, the word Muktzah includes anything that a person did not intend to use during Bein ha'Shemashos at the start of Shabbos (or Yom Tov), for whatever reason it may be.
(b) THE ARGUMENT OF THE TANA'IM - Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Shimon argue as to whether one may move or use on Shabbos items that fit into certain categories of Muktzah. There are at least six different categories of Muktzah over which Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Shimon disagree [1. Hiktzehu mi'Da'ato; 2. Nolad; 3. Muktzah Machmas Isur (also known as Migo d'Iskatza'i); 4. Muktzah Machmas Mi'us; 5. Keli she'Melachto Eino Ela l'Isur; 6. Muchan l'Adam Eino Muchan l'Kelavim.] On Shabbos, objects that fit into one of these categories may not be moved according to Rebbi Yehudah. There are other categories of Muktzah that may not be moved according to both Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Shimon [such as 1. Muktzah Machmas Gufo; 2. Huktzah l'Mitzvaso; 3. Davar she'Eino Ra'uy she'Decha'o b'Yadayim; 4. Davar he'Asur Bein ha'Shemashos she'Lo Chashav she'Yavo l'Yedei Heter b'Shabbos; 5. Muktzah Machmas Chisaron Kis.]
(c) Muktzah Machmas Chisaron Kis describes items that are easily ruined that a person sets aside not to be used except for their specific purpose. Included in this category are expensive items or tools of a trade. For such items, a person generally designates a place for them to remain throughout Shabbos.

22) [line 47] TIVNA SARYA - rotted straw
23) [last line] TINA - clay (for making bricks)


24) [line 7] ISURYASA - bundles (of reeds that are placed on top of the Sechach)
25) [line 18] SUKAH RE'U'AH - a weak, shaky Sukah (that is bound to fall down)
26) [line 31] ITRAH - if he decorated it
27) [line 31] KERAMIM - (O.F. ovrez) material adorned with colorful needlework
28) [line 32] AFARSEKIN - (O.F. persches) peaches (RASHI Shabbos 22a); (According to Y. Feliks, Plant World of the Bible, Ramat Gan 1968, the correct Girsa should be APASTEKIN, which are a type of nut, such as the Pistachio. Since the peach is a summer fruit, it is not available on Sukos.)

29) [line 33] PARCHILEI ANAVIM - branches laden with clusters of grapes
30) [line 34] ATAROS SHEL SHIBOLIN - wreaths made of stalks of grain

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