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Beitzah 25

1) [line 3] HA'SOCHER - one who dams
2) [line 5] SHE'KINENAH B'FARDES - that made a den and gave birth in an enclosed orchard or pleasure garden

3) [line 6] NAFAL CHAVRIN B'RAVREVASA - our colleague, Rav Chisda, will get into many great arguments [because of this ruling]

4) [line 19] YONEI SHOVACH - doves that nest in a dove-cote
5) [line 19] SHE'KANENU B'TEFICHIN (UVE'BIRAH) [B'VIROS] - that nested in pitcher-shaped utensils set up for that purpose in the walls and cornices of large buildings and forts (Birah - a group of buildings forming one residence)

6) [line 24] MEN'UANA'IN - the birds that the person shook on Erev Yom Tov as an indication that he intended to slaughter them on Yom Tov

7) [line 27] IDI V'IDI B'DIDAH - that is, both Beraisa'os are referring to the baby (RASHI)

8) [line 28] BEHEMAH MESUKENES - an animal that is about to die
9) [line 30] MOT/MOTEH - a pole held by two people; one is held on the shoulders and one is held in the hands (MELECHES SHLOMO)

10) [line 31] HEFSHET V'NITU'ACH - skinning and cutting into limbs
11) [line 32] KATZAVIM - butchers
12) [line 37] MI'MAKOM SHE'TOVACHAS ACHILASAH - from the place where the animal breaks down and digests (lit. cuts or chops) its food, the intestines


13) [line 2] ME'ROSHO - from the bulb end
14) [line 3] RA'AVTAN - a person with a voracious appetite; a voracious eater
15) [line 4] GARGERAN - a person who drinks in a insatiable manner (It seems that when Ra'avtan and Gargeran appear together, Ra'avtan refers to gluttonous eating and Gargeran refers to excessive drinking. However, if they appear individually, either one may refer to either eating or drinking, e.g. Yoma 39a, Yerushalmi Berachos 6:2 - A. Chrysler)

16) [line 7] CHATZUVA - a shrub that has deep and straight roots, planted in hedges to mark boundaries; prob. Cistus

17) [line 7] MEKATE'A RAGLEIHON D'RESHI'AYA - convicts the wicked in the World to Come (lit. cuts off the legs of the wicked [who steal other people's property])

18) [line 7] NETI'AH - a sapling of Orlah
19) [line 8] KATZAVAYA - butchers
20) [line 9] TURMOSA - lupine, a type of bean of the pea family
21a) [line 11] BE'ALIM - various types of Avodah Zarah that the people accepted upon themselves as their master or provider (Ba'al)
b) [line 12] ASHTAROS - an Avodah Zarah. "Asheirah" was a popular fertility goddess in the Near East. She is identified with Astarte (Ashtaros) and Aphrodite.
c) [line 12] ARAM - Aramaea (the source of the Aramaic language), to the northeast of the Holy Land, approximately modern-day Syria, including the area between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Josephus states that the Greeks called the Aramaens Syrians. Its capital was Damascus.

22) [line 12] TZIDON - Sidon, a city on the Mediteranian coast, to the north of modern-day Israel. It was the capital of Phonecia. It is within the northwest boundary of the Holy Land (Bamidbar 34:7).

23) [line 21] AZIN - brazen
24) [line 21] "...M'YMINO ESH DAS LAMO." - "...from His right hand He presented the fiery Torah to them" (Devarim 33:2)

25) [line 28] TZELAF - caper-berry bush
26) [line 29] MAKLO - his staff
27) [line 29] TARMILO - his bag
28) [line 31] GELUDKI - (O.F. faldestol) folding seat
29) [line 32] ACHI SHAKYA - Achi, the butler or water-drawer
30) [line 32] AFIKTEI - took out in a sedan chair
31) [line 33] ME'HINI L'SHILI - from Hini to Shili, two twin towns near Pumbedisa in Bavel

32) [line 34] ME'SHIMSHA L'TULA - from a sunny area to a shady area
33) [line 35] SHELI'ACH TZIYON - (lit. the messenger of Zion) who often traveled to Yerushalayim on matters of Halachic responsa

34) [line 35] AKIF V'ZIL A'SULMA D'TZUR - (a) go around (make a detour) and travel on the highway of Tyre (RASHI Eruvin 80a); (b) go to the Ladder of Tyre, Scala Tyriorum, a promontory south of Tyre on the southern coast of Lebanon (RASHI here and to Eruvin 64b; this is also evident from the Gemara Eruvin Daf 22b)

35) [line 36] MAH ATUN BEI - what do you [in Eretz Yisrael say] about it?
36) [line 38] SHE'LO YEKATEF - as long as one does not carry a seat on the arms of several people whose outstretched arms are resting on the shoulders of the people parallel to them

37) [line 39] ALONKI - (O.F. sanbuels) a seat carried in the manner described in the previous entry

38) [line 40] YELATA - the name of Rav Nachman's wife
39) [line 40] D'BE'ISA - because she is afraid [that she might fall down]
40) [line 41] DUCHKA D'TZIBURA - the inconvenience of the people who have to stand in honor as they pass

41) [last line] BECHOR
(a) The Kedushah of Bechor rests on every first-born male of an ox, goat or sheep when it comes out of its mother's womb. Nevertheless, there is a Mitzvah for a person to sanctify it himself (Erchin 29, based on Devarim 15:19). He must then give it to a Kohen; it may not be redeemed.
(b) If the animal has no blemish, the Kohen must bring it as a Korban during its first year. After its blood and Emurim (see Background to Pesachim 43:15a and 95:9) are offered on the Mizbe'ach, its meat is eaten in Yerushalayim during the following two days and the intervening night by Kohanim, their wives, children and slaves.
(c) If the animal has a Mum (a blemish), it must be slaughtered and eaten during its first year. If it developed a Mum after the first year, it must be slaughtered and eaten within thirty days. The Kohen can give it away or sell it, even to a non-Kohen. However, it may not be sold in a meat market or weighed in the usual manner.
(d) Whether or not it has a blemish, it is forbidden to work with a Bechor or to shear it. Any fleece that is removed from a Bechor, even if it came off on its own, is Assur be'Hana'ah. If, upon Shechitah, the animal is found to be a Tereifah, it is Assur be'Hana'ah and must be buried.
(e) Now that there is no Beis ha'Mikdash, a Kohen must care for a Bechor until it develops a Mum. Alternatively, he can sell it, even if it has no Mum, to a non-Kohen, who may eat it after it develops a Mum. It may not be bought, however, in order to be sold for a profit (Sefer ha'Chinuch #393, #445).

42) [last line] MUMCHEH - an expert on matters of (Mumim) blemishes

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