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Beitzah 16

BEITZAH 16 - has been dedicated by Harav Avraham Feldman to the memory of Hagaon Rav Yisroel Zev [ben Avrohom Tzvi] Gustman ZT'L, author of "Kuntresei Shi'urim", on the occasion of his Yahrzeit (28 Sivan).

1) [line 5] "TIK'U VA'CHODESH SHOFAR; BA'KESEH L'YOM CHAGENU" - "Blow the Shofar at the moon's renewal, when the moon is hidden on our festive day" (Tehilim 81:4)

2) [line 12] "[REISH VA'OSHER AL TITEN LI;] HATRIFENI LECHEM CHUKI." - "[Give me neither poverty nor wealth;] but allot me my daily bread." (Mishlei 30:8)

3) [line 19] ME'CHAD SHABACH L'SHABATICH - from the first day of your week, think about and prepare for the coming Shabbos

4) [line 26] D'AVIDA L'IGLUYEI - which will be discovered
5) [line 29] SHAYIF LEI MISHCHA - he rubs oil on him (between his eyes)
6) [line 29] U'MALI LEI KUCHLA - he puts a [blue or tinted] powder around his eyes
7) [line 34] NESHAMAH YESEIRAH - (a) breadth of spirit which relaxes a person and makes him happy and gives him an appetite to eat (RASHI); (b) an extra soul upon which rests divine inspiration which gives a person the ability to delve into the Torah (RITVA, SHITAH MEKUBETZES)

8) [line 36] VAI AVDAH NEFESH - woe, the Neshamah Yeseirah has gone
9) [line 38] MIDI D'MELAPES - something that is used as a relish, that is eaten with bread

10) [line 38] DAISA - a dish of ground wheat, grits
11) [line 46] ADASHIM SHEB'SHULEI KEDEIRAH - lentils that are left at the bottom of the pot
12) [line 48] GORERO - he scrapes it off

13) [line 49] BISHULEI NOCHRIM
(a) A decree was enacted that foods that were cooked by non-Jews even in a Jew's house or in a Jew's pots are prohibited to eat. The decree was instituted to prevent intermarriage and to prevent the possibility that the non-Jew might feed non-Kosher food to Jews.
(b) Only foods that must be cooked were included in the decree. If they are edible raw, the non-Jew has not added to those foods a significant change to prohibit them. Furthermore, only foods that are important enough to be served to kings are prohibited if a non-Jew cooked them. It is not customary to invite others to a banquet where less important foods are served. Therefore the sages did not worry that these foods would bring about a mingling of Jews and non-Jews.

14) [last line] KASA D'HARSENA - small fish that are cooked with flour in their own oil


15a) [line 10] KAVUSH - pickled; preserved in vinegar or mustard along with mixed vegetables
b) [line 10] SHALUK - thoroughly cooked
c) [line 10] MEVUSHAL - cooked
16) [line 10] KULYAS HA'ISPANIN - Spanish colias, a type of tuna
17) [line 22] SAMYA - a blind person
18) [line 22] D'HAVAH MESADER MASNISA - who was practicing Mishnayos [by repeating them before Mar Shemuel (in order that be sure that he recited them correctly)]

19) [line 23] ATZIV - sad

20) [line 30] ERUVEI TECHUMIN
(a) A person is only allowed to walk a distance of 2000 Amos, approximately 960 meters (3147 feet) or 1,152 meters (3774 feet), depending upon the differing Halachic opinions, from his city or dwelling place (if he is not in a city) on Shabbos or Yom Tov. If he wants to walk another 2000 Amos, he must make an Eruv Techumin.
(b) This is accomplished by placing an amount of food that would be used for two meals nearly 2000 Amos away from his present location, in the direction in which he wishes to walk. The location where his food is placed is considered his new dwelling or *place of Shevisah* for that Shabbos or Yom Tov, and he may walk 2000 Amos in any direction from there.

(a) THE TORAH LAW - According to Torah law, in a courtyard (Chatzer) that has in it houses owned by different people, all of the neighbors may transfer objects from their houses to the courtyard and into other houses on Shabbos. Even though each house is a separately owned Reshus ha'Yachid and the Chatzer is a jointly owned Reshus ha'Yachid, it is permissible to move objects from one Reshus ha'Yachid to another.
(b) ERUV CHATZEIROS - King Shlomo decreed that transferring objects from one Reshus ha'Yachid to another is forbidden unless an *Eruv Chatzeiros* (lit. a mixing of the courtyard, Rambam Hil. Eruvin 1:6; or fraternization of the courtyard, Eruvin 49a) is created on Friday, before Shabbos begins (Shabbos 14b, Eruvin 21b). The equivalent of an Eruv Chatzeiros for an alley or a city is called a *Shituf Mavo'os*. This is accomplished by all of the neighbors collectively setting aside a loaf of bread, in one common container, in one of the houses of the courtyard (or, in the case of Shituf, in one of the courtyards of the alleyway). This shows that all neighbors have an equal share in all of the Reshuyos ha'Yachid, just as they all have a share in that bread. Through this act, they can be considered one Reshus again. (RAMBAM ibid. 1:4-9)

*23*) [line 37] MISHUM D'SHALACH REBBI ELAZAR LA'GOLAH - [the answer to your question is that] we are uncertain whether you thought Rebbi is Machmir or Meikal, because Rebbi Elazar sent to the people of Bavel that he had an opposite tradition as to what Rebbi's opinion was on this matter [and perhaps your tradition was like that of Rebbi Elazar].

24) [line 42] L'KILKULA - disastrous, detrimental

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