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Beitzah 8

BEITZAH 6-10 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi publications for these Dafim, for the benefit of Klal Yisrael

1) [line 1] AFAR TICHO'ACH - crushed, loose earth
2) [line 1] GUMA - a hole in the ground


(a) MEKALKEL - Normally, one is Chayav on Shabbos only for performing a Melachah that is a creative act. If a person performed an act of destruction or impairment he is Patur. Digging a hole in the middle of one's floor ruins the floor, and such an act is not considered Boneh (building) and is Patur.
(b) MELACHAH SHE'EINAH TZERICHAH L'GUFAH - When a person performs a Melachah on Shabbos intentionally, but does not require the usual result of the action, Rebbi Yehudah rules that he is Chayav and Rebbi Shimon rules that he is Patur. For example, if a person digs a hole, not because he needs the hole (which would be Boneh) but rather because he needs the dirt, this is a Melachah she'Einah Tzerichah l'Gufah. (See Insights to Shabbos 12:1)
4) [line 4] MAN DACHAR SHMEI? - who ever mentioned it?
5) [line 12] L'CHURVASO - for his destroyed building in which the roof has collapsed, leaving an open area usually used for planting

6) [line 16] KOY
(a) There is a Machlokes Tana'im as to which animal Chazal (Mishnah Chulin 83b, etc.) refer to as a "Koy." Some Tana'im say that it is a crossbreed between certain species of goats and deer, while others say that is an independent species (Culin 80a). The Koy shows signs of being both a domesticated animal (Behemah, that does not require Kisuy ha'Dam) and a wild animal (Chayah, that does require Kisuy ha'Dam).
(b) As a result, some Tana'im rule that the status of a Koy is always in doubt (a Safek). This is usually the context in which the Gemara refers to Koy, as an animal about which the Halachic status is uncertain, and which requires Kisuy ha'Dam because of the possibility that it is a Chayah.


8) [line 11] SADIN B'TZITZIS - a linen cloak that has woolen Tzitzis
9) [line 14] BA'HADEI D'CHATISH KA MICHSEI - as the blood falls to the ground, he digs the soil under the blood, thus fulfilling the Mitzvah of Kisuy ha'Dam at the same time as the Kesishah (RABBEINU CHANANEL)

10a) [line 28] GEZEIRAH MISHUM HATARAS CHELBO - a person might permit the eating of its Chelev


(a) Chelev refers to the fat of an animal that is offered on the Mizbe'ach. It consists of the layer of fat covering the stomachs, all the other fat attached to the stomachs, and the fat on the kidneys along the flanks (Vayikra 3:4).
(b) The Chelev of a Kosher Behemah is forbidden to eat, but may be used for any other purpose. The Chelev of a Chayah, however, may even be eaten. "Shuman" refers to all the other fat of an animal that is permitted.
(c) If a person eats Chelev b'Mezid, he is Chayav Kares; b'Shogeg he must bring a Korban Chatas. If a person is in doubt whether the fat he ate was Chelev or Shuman, he must bring a Korban Asham Taluy.
11) [line 29] L'NAKER CHATZEIRO - to clean his courtyard, by spreading clean dirt over the blood

12) [line 34] BI'DEKIRAH - with one jabbing of the shovel or the hoe into the ground to dig up dirt

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