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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Bechoros 29


(a) Our Mishnah negates the ruling of a Chacham who takes payment for permitting the blemish of a Bechor.
Why is that?

(b) Under which circumstances is his ruling nevertheless valid? Who was Ila in Yavneh?

(c) Ila used to take four Isros for examining a Beheimah Dakah.
How much would he take for a Beheimah Gasah?

(d) How much did he take if the Beheimah turned out to be a Tam?

(a) Why did Ila take more for inspecting a Beheimah Gasah than for a Beheimah Dakah?

(b) Why did he take the same payment for a Tam as for a Ba'al-Mum?

(c) Why are we not then afraid that whenever he ruled that it was a Tam, it would be having in mind to charge the owner again the next time the Bechor obtained a blemish?

(a) What does the Tana rule in the case of a Dayan who accepts payment for his rulings, or of a witness in order to testify?

(b) Similarly, the Tana rules that someone who takes money in order to sprinkle the Mei Parah Adumah, his water is Mei Me'arah (cave-water).
What does the Mishnah say about someone who takes money in order to mix the ashes of the Parah Adumah?

(c) In which case then does the Tana obligate the litigant to feed the Dayan (or the inspector of Bechoros ... ), give him to drink and anoint him?

(d) What loss does he incur?

(a) What does the Mishnah say about an examiner, a Dayan or a witness ...
  1. ... who is old?
  2. ... who has to stop working and who therefore loses money by examining the Bechor, judging, testifying ... ?
(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk ...
  1. ... in Devarim "Re'ei Limadti Eschem Chukim u'Mishpatim Ka'asher Tzivani Hashem Elokai"?
  2. ... in Mishlei "Emes K'nei"?
  3. ... "ve'Al Timkor" (ibid.)?
(a) What does the Beraisa say about someone (even a Yisrael, though usually, it was Kohanim who dealt with the needs of the Parah Adumah [see Tosfos DH 'ha'Mekadesh']) who betroths a woman with 'Mei Chatas' or with 'Eifer Chatas'?

(b) How does Abaye resolve the apparent discrepancy with our Mishnah, which disqualifies Kidush and Haza'ah for which one accepted payment?

(c) And how do we extrapolate this from the different Lashon used by the Beraisa that that used by the Mishnah?

(a) Our Mishnah discusses a Kohen becoming Tamei on his way to judge or to testify ... .
What problem do we have with that?

(b) We answer that the Tana is talking about a Beis ha'Peras.
What that?

(c) According to Rav Yehudah Amar Rav, under what condition is a Kohen permitted to cross such a field?

(d) Then why is he not permitted to eat Terumah?

(a) Rav Yehudah bar Ami in the name of Rav Yehudah rules that a Beis ha'Peras that has been well-trampled, becomes Tahor.
What is the significance of this statement?

(b) What alternative answer do we give to avoid having to establish the Mishnah by a Beis ha'Peras?

(c) Our Mishnah permits someone who loses work on account of his teaching ... to get paid ke'Po'el Bateil.
How does Abaye explain 'ke'Po'el Bateil'?

(d) What criteria are used to assess how much to pay him?

Answers to questions



(a) Our Mishnah forbids the purchase of venison from a Kohen who is suspect.
What is he suspected of?

(b) Why may one not purchase venison from him?

(c) What else may one not purchase from him?

(d) What does Rebbi Eleizer say about that?

(a) The Tana also forbids buying from him bleached wool or Tzo'i.
What is 'Tzo'i'?

(b) Which three commodities does the Tana permit purchasing from him?

(c) Why does he preclude tanned skins from the prohibition?

(d) Rebbi Eliezer permits the purchase of the skins of female animals because they are recognizable.
What do the Chachamim say to that?

(e) If spun wool is included in the prohibition, why does the Tana find it necessary to mention clothes (which already became Asur when they went through the spinning stage)?

(a) Our Mishnah forbids purchasing flax from someone who is suspect of transgressing Shevi'is.
What is he suspected of?

(b) Does the prohibition incorporate combed flax?

(c) The Tana adds that one is permitted to purchase from him spun and woven flax (for the same reason as tanned skins).
What problem do we have with that?

(d) How do we solve it? What are 'Tichi'?

(a) Rebbi Yehudah in our Mishnah forbids the purchase of even water and salt from someone who is suspect of selling Terumah as Chulin.
Why is that?

(b) What does Rebbi Shimon say?

(c) When Rebbi Shimon says 'Kol she'Yesh Bo Zikas Terumah ... ", what does he mean to include with the word 'Kol'?

(a) A certain butcher used to sell Tarba de'Atma as entrails (which are Kasher).
What is 'Tarba de'Atma'?

(b) What did Rava rule in that case?

(a) Rav Papa (or Rav Ada bar Ahavah) initially establishes Rava like Rebbi Yehudah in our Mishnah.
Why is that?

(b) What problem does he have with that?

(c) On what basis do we finally establish Rava like Rebbi Shimon? What makes this case fit the description 'be'Isura Gufa'?

(d) What exactly was Rava's suspicion?

Answers to questions

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